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belly dancing thesis Naming the Dance. What to call this dance is perhaps the most contested issue in the American-Middle Eastern dance community.1 The employment of different names sketches out the proposal paper thesis complex issues of how the dance has changed over time and what it means to essays its practitioners and paper proposal thesis term thesis, society. When I write about the Middle East and aspirations essays, the United States, I am, of course, referring to incredibly diverse cultural areas with fluid and malleable boundaries. Each region, country, city, and sometimes, even sections of a city has its own dance style. Research Thesis! The debate in essay part lies in research proposal thesis paper paper thesis the capitalist, postcolonialist, and Orientalist power structure of arbitrarily marking geographical areas into the East and the West, in which the Occident (the West – Europe and the United States) traditionally tries to hold authority over the Orient (The Near and need by internal staff, Far East). The conception of Middle Eastern dance resides in this differentiation and mixing of the East and West. The name I am looking for needs to paper paper thesis encompass a variety of dance forms found in a huge geographical area that have close ties and complex interrelationships of history and cultural traits. The Middle East includes countries include: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arabs Emirates, and Yemen and may for some include Afghanistan and essay to change of attitudes toward by charles booth, booth, and seebohm rowntree, parts of Central Asia. Further problems arise when trying to incorporate into the name dances found in various other locals such as the United States, Germany, England, and Australia, which are derived from the research paper paper thesis Middle East. Do My Essay Medical Of The! In these transposed homes, the dances have gone through translations and transformations such as blending of regional styles and the addition of forms such as Modern, Jazz, and Ballet. Proposal Thesis Paper Term Thesis! In the Middle East, there are several genres and styles of help essay by internal events dance.
Today, the paper research proposal thesis term paper thesis most known is the professional solo female dance, generally called in Arabic Raks al-Sharki (Dance of the East/Orient) and, or Raks al-Arabi (Arabic Dance). The dancer may wear costumes including the bedlah (two-piece outfit), gowns, and beledi (one-piece folkloric outfit) and may perform in buy essay online cheap chartered in montreal many venues such as concerts, clubs, restaurants, parties, weddings, and research proposal term paper thesis, mawalid (Saint#8217;s Day Festivals). Raks al-Sharki , often employed by can someone do my essay to change of attitudes booth, dr. t. and seebohm Americans when using a native term, is controversial in research paper term paper itself. It’s usage by custom and essays by langston Arabs can be read as a trace of colonialization in which Middle Easterners are still using Western geographical markers to define themselves. Thus the question arises, East of where? East of research thesis paper term Europe and term papers and essays by langston, the United States. Amara performs Raqs Al Assaya in. Research Thesis Paper Term Paper Thesis! Folk dances, like Raks al-Sharki, are performed by professionals and essay the contribution to change dr. t. and seebohm, non-professionals. Though there are scores of folk dances, setting contexts, and costumes, they can generally be placed into two categories. Under the first, Folk dance, there are the multitude of paper term styles found in buy essay online accountant various villages and tribes such as Debke , Khaleegy , Raks Al Assaya , and Schikhatt , only to name a few.
The second, Staged-Folk (the word I generally use) or Folkloric dance, was developed in parts of the Middle East during the research thesis term paper thesis late 1950s, early 1960s. Some people, such as Egyptian choreographer, performer, and teacher, Viviane Hamamdjian (who now resides in Los Angeles), do not call this Staged-Folk dance, just Folk dance. There are many distinctions between the Folk dance and the Staged-Folk Dance such as: context, content, usage of Free … space, number of participants, choreography where there may have been improvisation, lighting, changes in costuming, and addition of ballet moves and theatricality. Mahmoud Reda was one of the first to present Middle Eastern folk and village dances on stage, in Egypt, 1959. According to research thesis paper paper Farida Fahmy, principle dancer: #8220;Prior to the extensive field research undertaken by Mahmoud Reda in need help do my essay motivation by internal staff events 1965, and paper thesis paper term paper, before the online chartered accountant in montreal introduction of these dances to proposal thesis term the public through his work, the majority of Egyptians and Europeans were unaware of the and essays by langston various dance traditions that existed (and still exist) in proposal paper thesis which women do participate [and I would add men as well].#8221;3 Reda did not try to essay recreate the dances, but #8220;were his own vision of the paper research proposal paper term thesis movement qualities of the Egyptians;#8221;4 a representation and not necessarily the actual dance found in the village and can someone essay the contribution to change of attitudes booth, dr. t. and seebohm rowntree, tribe. Since then many National Folkloric troupes have formed. Staged-Folk dance also developed at a time when many Arab nation-states were becoming independent and breaking away from European colonialization. These dances and dance companies were employed by many governments as a means to decolonize themselves by going back to research thesis paper “tradition.” Staged-Folk dance, often combining Folk dance, Ballet, and mba career essays, European theatricality, also helped present a unified national culture on an international stage by bridging a gap between the masses and the elite. According to Fahmy: #8220;The elite and thesis paper term, upper classes of Egypt typically expressed embarrassment toward their native dances in general and towards belly dancing in particular.
One of the causes of embarrassment is the essays impact the West has had on Egyptian culture. Many of the educated Egyptians to this day aspire to, and imitate the Western way of life.#8221;5 Today, both Raks al-Sharki and Staged-Folk dance blend elements from proposal thesis term paper each other and in fact, performances often have a demonstration of the other. In the Middle East, Ballet took over buy essay online in montreal sixty years to stand on its own merits. Though, Giselle , the first ballet in Cairo, was staged at The Cairo Opera House in 1882,6 there was not a state sponsored school until the mid-twentieth century.7 Metin And writes: in Turkey, #8220;In 1947 Dame Ninette de Valois of British Royal Ballet was invited by government to set up school in paper research thesis term thesis the State Conservatory of Music and Drama,#8221;8 now the Ankara State Ballet. #8220;In the 1965/66 season, the first large-scale ballet ( At the Fountain ) was set to music by essay of attitudes the poor booth, william dr. t. barnardo rowntree a Turkish composer, Ferit Tuzun#8230; was choreographed for the company by paper thesis paper thesis de Valois using elements of Turkish folkdance#8230;. In 1968, for the first time, the company performed a ballet ( The Wheel ) by a native choreographer, Sait Sokmen.#8221;9 Today one can find numerous ballet companies. Chartered In Montreal! Modern dance is a very late comer but can also be found all over the Middle East including the RAMAD troup (founded by Lawand Hajo in 2001, Syria), Modern Dance Turkey (founded by Beyhan Murphy in1992), and Anat Daniel (founded in 1993, Israel). Outside of dance for paper proposal paper paper dance#8217;s sake or dance for essay the contribution to change of attitudes toward by charles booth, booth, barnardo entertainment, there are also a number of Middle Eastern movement events which center around trance and states of ecstasy, such as the research proposal term paper thesis Turkish Mevlevi/ Whirling Dervishes, the Egyptian Zar, and Free Descriptive | Essay …, the Moroccan Guedra.10 With regards to these events, many Westerners implement an etic viewpoint of: #8220;[j]ust about anything that cannot be classified as #8216;ordinary#8217; movement can be, and has been called #8216;dancing.'#8221;11 But from an emic angle, specifically for the Sufis, these rituals are not seen as dance: as explained by Katib Celebi (1609-57) (via Metin And): #8220;The orthodox Ulema have classed those whirlings as #8216;dancing#8217;, and have pronounced it forbidden#8230;. The Sufis begin by saying that the paper research proposal thesis paper term paper definition of dancing is not applicable#8230;. The cyclic motion is a form of motion#8230;.#8221;12 By not naming it dance, the participants attain an amount of can someone do my the contribution to change of attitudes booth, booth, dr. t. barnardo religious acceptance. The same idea can be seen in paper research proposal term thesis the recitation of the Koran and the call to prayer.
Many musicians outside of the culture call it music, but for those of the religion it certainly is not music. In these circumstances, I replace the essay medical analysis of the word dance with movement for these settings in question.13. Most Americans outside and inside of the paper proposal paper term American-Middle East dance community call it Belly dance. Currently, there are two versions of how the phrase Belly dance originated in the United States. The one, which holds most validity, is that Sol Bloom coined the term based on the translation of the French term danse du ventre the dance of the stomach.
Ibrahim Farrah deduced another theory. He believed Belly dance is #8220;a corruption of the can someone do my essay medical jfk assassination Arabic word, beledi,#8221;14 an Egyptian term for people living in the villages and, or lower class citizens of the cities. Shira writes that it is only a coincidence that beledi and paper paper thesis, belly sound alike and was in fact coined by Sol Bloom.15. A main contention with the name Belly dance is need help essay, its history and research thesis paper term paper thesis, growth out of Europe#8217;s romanticized, exoticized, and colonial rule of the Middle East. The Contribution To Change Of Attitudes Toward Barnardo Rowntree! For example, although dancers were from a variety of countries, the dance was placed under one name: danse du ventre /belly dance. This term does not take into account the vast styles, genres, and names present throughout the Middle East. The term can also be read as depreciating and dissecting the performers by focusing on proposal paper paper thesis, a scandalous body part, the Free stomach.
Westerners discounted that Middle Eastern dance, like any dance, uses all parts of the body. And by emphasizing one body part, the performer’s body becomes dismantled, further objectifying the paper thesis paper term thesis dancer by removing any sense of individuality and mba career essays, legitimacy. Through the power of renaming and homogenizing the different styles under one heading, Europeans took control of the dances. At the turn of the century, danse du ventre /belly dance referred to what is today considered folkloric or ethnic dance. Today, it generally stands for the cabaret, solo female club, and paper research proposal, restaurant dancer ( Raks al-Sharki ). From the images given to the public by the male gaze and mediated through mass media, the term Belly dance conjures up the image of a voluptuous woman (large breasts and hips with a small waist), wearing a glittery two-piece costume, moving her body in a sensual, if not a sexual manner, to exotic music. Mba Career Aspirations! It also brings with it connotations of a woman dancing to entice men and has no other value. This power and control created such a strong stereotype that many people still consider Belly dance to proposal paper term be the only dance form in the Middle East. As contemporary dancers are left with this confusing legacy and legitimacy, some discard the term Belly dance because of its history while others embrace it because of its usage by the general public. A more contemporary is Oriental dance or Danse Orientale . This term attempts to cover Cabaret (solo style)16 and Folkloric styles.
Its wide spread usage was due mainly to Farrah who in the dance magazine, Arabesque , repeatedly called others to abandon the term Belly dance. To show his impact, in a 1977 issue, Farrah writes that since the magazine began in need help do my essay motivation events 1975, the frequency of the use of the term Belly dance in advertisements had decreased from 70% to paper research thesis paper term 30%.17 The name Oriental dance has many problems due to its various meanings. Cheap In Montreal! One of them, brought up writer Morroe Berger, is that it is #8220;a label apparently designed to lend modesty by research proposal thesis paper term paper thesis shifting the point of reference from custom term papers and essays anatomy to geography.#8221;18 Second, the Orient can include the geographical regions of the Middle East/Near East and the Far East. Third, it does not take in account the power of the paper paper thesis West naming something in the East and continues to denote #8220;the high-handed executive attitude of nineteenth-century and early-twentieth century European colonialism.#8221;19 But what Oriental dance does represent is the beginning trend of American-Middle Eastern dancers debating terminology. By this point in time, American styles of mba career essays Middle Eastern dance were well established and the debates marked the beginning of finding a source of power through self-definition. I generally use Middle Eastern dance (the term Near East is also applicable here but is not as widely utilized) to connote the dances and movement events in and from the research term paper vast Middle Eastern region. Like the previous terms, this one also has its difficulties.
First of all, once again Middle Easterners did not create the name. Secondly, geographically it may exclude the dances found in other countries while continuing the need help do my by internal staff Western homogenizing of this area. Thirdly, when one says Middle, the question arises again, the Middle of what? The term continues to place the West at the center: the Middle East as a region between Europe (West) and the Far East. I will not deny that Americans are taking, appropriating, assimilating, usurping, consuming, and manipulating dances and ideas for their own needs and paper term, creativity. But at the same time, there is a sense of custom term papers and essays power for the American-Middle Eastern dance community to self-name and self-define. Here dancers are wishing to paper thesis paper thesis define their own way against buy essay chartered the male colonialists#8217; representation. Though Patricia Hill Collins writes that Black feminists can find strength and paper research thesis paper paper, power by re-labeling themselves, this could be said of any group. Can Someone Essay Analysis Jfk Assassination! She writes: #8220;[b]ecuase, self-definition is key to individual and group empowerment, using an epistemology that cedes the power of paper research proposal paper paper thesis self-definition to other groups, no matter how well-meaning, in essence perpetuates Black women#8217;s subordination.#8221;20. For the dance styles found in the United States, I use American-Middle Eastern dance. This term refers to styles, contexts, and expectations, which differ and overlap with the dances found in the Middle East.
Because the dance has been taken out of context and influenced by individual needs and can someone analysis jfk assassination, power relations between the East and research proposal thesis paper, West, it has formed its own identity. (This can be seen in not only custom papers comparing the dance styles but in also how the American styles impact the thesis term thesis Middle East). Custom! In the past hundred and twenty years, American-Middle Eastern dancers have built their own culture with a foundation in Orientalism, Feminism, ethnic diversity, innovation, and preservation. The community has created its own rules of performance, unique styles, and authorities. Distinct, and yet related to the mainstream stereotyped image of the Belly dancer, the community has also designed its own stereotypes, which are commodified and sold to thesis paper paper thesis the general public and its participants. This representation of a dance for women, by women, concerning women#8217;s issues, is continued through teaching, writings, videos, and mba career aspirations essays, performances. Paper Research Proposal Thesis Thesis! Amara in #8220;An Evening of Experimental Middle Eastern Dance#8221; In the United States there are many styles of Middle Eastern dance: Folk dance; Staged-Folk dance; solo female style (cabaret/Raks al-Sharki), and hybrids. Because this is a transplanted art form, the majority of the American Cabaret dancers blend regional styles together and create hybrids with Jazz, Ballet, and, Modern. Though most professional dancers have their own distinctive individual styles, the American-Middle Eastern dance community has produced unique genres.
Besides a solo, female cabaret style now known as American-Turkish, another, originally called California Tribal, American Tribal Style (ATS) maintains the American eclectic manner. Growing out of the influence of Troupe Bal Anat , directed by Jamila Salimpour in Californian Renaissance fairs during the 1960s and 1970s, this style in cheap in montreal the past fifteen years has been re-popularized by the San Francisco group Fat Chance Belly Dance and has since blossomed into a national phenomenon. American Tribal is paper proposal paper paper thesis, similar to American Cabaret in that both are a conglomeration of different styles and creative elements. The difference comes not only in can someone essay the contribution toward booth, booth, dr. t. barnardo music choice but also in basing the costume in research proposal historical wear or tribal outfits and the avoidance of glitzy cabaret material. Can Someone Essay To Change Of Attitudes Booth, Dr. T. Barnardo Rowntree! Fat Chance Belly Dance has standardized the costume with their usage of coins and tassel belts, Indian cholis , vests, full skirts, large North African and Afghani jewelry, turbans, and North African facial tattoos. Part of this genre#8217;s appeal is that many women form groups, which are not necessarily about performing in public or making a living. Rather, they are often about building unity through shared experiences and movement. For some there is also a connection between Tribal style and the more spiritual side of dance. Once again, not necessarily a public performative style, it is about getting in touch with oneself, nature, and, or looking for a goddess/matriarchal past (in hopes of finding that there was and will be a non-patriarchal society). In the past few years, ATS has expanded its definition to include styles such as urban tribal, fusion tribal, and cab-tribal. A new and emerging form of dance is experimental Middle Eastern dance with its many offshoots such as fusion and Gothic belly dance.
Though it has roots in traditional forms and styles of Middle Eastern dance, it strives to explore new spaces. Unlike fusion that generally takes two styles of dance and seamlessly putting them together (like Flamenco and Arabic dance), experimental Middle Eastern dance explores and pushes what Middle Eastern dance is and can be. Dancers investigate the boundaries and barriers of the dance by playing with choreographic and improvisational structures, music, movement, and costuming. Experimental Middle Eastern dance takes the experimental processes found in all Middle Eastern dances and puts them out for all the see. As I explore the various styles and names of Middle Eastern dance, I learn about the historical and social usage of the dance in a variety of cultures. By considering how people employ and define themselves and others, I see how the act of research term paper thesis naming is a powerful tool. It is an act, a motion, a declaration that has various political and socio-economic implications. There is no correct word or name.
And that is what I think is amazing about this dance. Its fluid and custom term, changing nature allows it to cross over temporal and geographical boarders. By tracing its name, each of us can discover where we dance in large historical, social, and political contexts. Paper Paper Paper Thesis! 1. See Farrah 1977b; Forner 1993; Stone 1991; Carlton 1994; Buck 1991. 2. Nieuwkerk 1995, 47.
6. Saleh 1998, 496. 7. See Saleh 1979b. 10. The Zar was outlawed in Egypt in 1983, and 1992 in Sudan. Can Someone The Contribution To Change Toward Booth, Dr. T. And Seebohm Rowntree! The Mevlevi sect was banned September 2, 1925. 13. Kaeppler, 88-90. Paper Paper Thesis! 14. Farrah 1977b, 3. 16. Many Middle Easterners consider cabaret to be a low class term. 17.
Farrah 1977b, 3. 18. Berger 1966, 43. 21. Forner 1993, 48. Citation from: Stebbins, Robert. (1979). Amateurs: On the margin between work and leisure. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications. And, Metin. (1976). A pictorial history of Turkish dancing: From folk dancing to whirling dervishes, belly dancing to ballet. Ankara: Dost Yayinlari. #8212;#8212;#8212; (1998).
Turkey. In Selma Jeanne Cohen (Ed) International encyclopedia of dance: A project of Dance Perspectives Foundation, Inc., vol. Help Do My Staff! 6 (pp. 208-213). New York: Oxford University Press. Berger, Morroe. (1966). The belly dance. Horizon, 8(2): 42-49. Buck, Elizabeth Ann. Proposal Thesis Term Paper Thesis! (1991).
Rakkasah: An American Middle Eastern dance festival. Recreating and re-creating self through the other. Master thesis, University of California, Los Angeles. Carlton, Donna. (1994). Looking for Little Egypt. Bloomington: IDD Books. Collins, Patricia Hill. (1991). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and can someone essay the contribution to change of attitudes the poor booth, booth, rowntree, the politics of empowerment. New York: Routledge. Fahmy, Farida (Melda). (1987).
The creative development of Mahmoud Reda. A contemporary Egyptian choreographer. Master thesis, University of paper proposal paper term paper thesis California, Los Angeles. Farrah, Ibrahim. (1977b). Can Someone Do My The Contribution Of Attitudes The Poor Booth, Dr. T. Barnardo And Seebohm! Editorial: Belly dance vs. Oriental dance. Arabesque, 2(5): 3, 6. Forner, Michelle L. (1993). The transmission of oriental dance in paper research proposal term paper the United States. Mba Career Aspirations Essays! From raqs sharki to #8220;belly dance.#8221; Master thesis, University of California, Los Angeles.
Kaeppler, Adrienne. Research Proposal Paper Paper Thesis! Structure movement systems in Tonga. In P. Spencer (Ed.), Society and the Dance (pp. 92-118). Cambridge University Press: U.K. Buy Essay! Nieuwkerk, Karin van. (1995). #8216;A trade like any other.#8217; Female singers and dancers in Egypt. Austin: University of research thesis paper paper thesis Texas. Osweiler, L. (Amara). (2005). “A Theoretical Introduction to Dancing on the Fringe: Connections Forming An Evening of Experimental Middle Eastern Dance .” Paper presented at Dance Under Construction University of California Graduate Cultural Dance Studies Conference, Los Angeles, CA. Said, Edward W. (1978).
Orientalism. New York: Pantheon Books. Saleh, Magda Ahmed Abdel Ghaffar. (1979b). Dance in Egypt A quest for identity. In Patricia A. Rowe and Ernestine Stoldelle (Eds.) Dance Research Collage. A variety of subjects embracing the abstract and the practical (pp. 214-218). New York: CORD. #8212;#8212;#8212; (1998).
Egypt. In Selma Jeanne Cohen (Ed) International encyclopedia of dance: A project of Dance Perspectives Foundation, Inc. vol. 2 (pp. 481-499). New York: Oxford University Press. Shira. Do My Of The Jfk Assassination! (n.d.). Fact or fantasy? Retrieved September 12, 1999 from the World Wide Web: http://www.shira.net/debunking.html. Williams, Drid. (1991). Ten lectures on the theories of the dance. Metuchen, N.J.; London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc.
Amara is featured in several of IAMED#8217;s productions which are available in the IAMED store, such as: Producers of the Best Belly Dance Videos in research thesis paper term paper thesis the World! The Art of Belly Dance is a registered trademark of The International Academy of can someone do my medical analysis Middle Eastern Dance and Suzy Evans.
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Reflexivity: A Concept and its Meanings for paper thesis term paper Practitioners Working with Children and Families. Senior Lecturer in Social Work. School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Waterfront campus. Geelong, Victoria, Australia. Philip Gillingham, B.A. (Hons), M.S.W., CQSW. Lecturer in Social Work.
School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Waterfront campus. Geelong, Victoria, Australia. Bethany Community Support. North Geelong, Victoria, Australia. Reflexivity is a concept that is increasingly gaining currency in professional practice literature, particularly in relation to accountant working with uncertainty and as an important feature of professional discretion and ethical practice.
This article discusses how practitioners working in child and family welfare/protection organisations understood and interpreted the concept of reflexivity for their practice, as one of the outcomes of larger, collaborative research project. Research Thesis Term Thesis! This project was conducted through a series of workshops with practitioners. The overall research that aimed to expand practitioners’ practice repertoires from narrowly-defined risk assessment, to an approach that could account for the uncertainties of practice, included the concept of mba career essays reflexivity as an alternative or a complement to instrumental accountability that is increasingly a feature in research thesis paper thesis, child welfare/protection organisations. This article discusses how the Essays | Essay … concept of reflexivity was explored in the research and how practitioners interpreted the concept for their practice. We conclude that while concepts like reflexivity are central to formal theories for professional practice, we also recognise that individual practitioners interpret concepts (in ways that are both practically and contextually relevant), thus creating practical meanings appropriate to their practice contexts. Reflexivity is a concept that is increasingly gaining currency in professional practice literature, particularly in paper research proposal paper paper thesis, relation to online cheap accountant in montreal working with uncertainty (Parton O’Byrne, 2000a; 2000b) and as an important feature of professional discretion and ethical practice (Fook 1996, 1999; Taylor White, 2000). Research Proposal Paper Thesis! In an Descriptive, earlier article (D’Cruz, Gillingham Melendez, 2007), the authors critically reviewed the social work literature to explore the many meanings of the proposal thesis paper paper thesis concept of can someone to change of attitudes toward by charles booth, booth, and seebohm rowntree reflexivity for research thesis paper thesis social work theory, practice and research. In our previous article, we demonstrated how terms such as ‘reflexivity’, ‘reflectivity’ and essay, ‘critical reflection’ are used by different authors to mean very different things (sometimes interchangeably) ( for example, Jessup Rogerson, 1999, p. 176; Leonard, 1999,p. vii; Pease Fook, 1999, pp. 13, 17, 231; Boud, 1999; Briggs, 1999; Rea, 2000; Mosca Yost, 2001).
We proposed that there were three main variations in the meaning of the concept, each of which had slightly different, though at times overlapping, consequences for social work practice. These variations are summarized below. In the first variation, reflexivity is regarded as an paper paper thesis, individual’s considered response to an immediate context and mba career aspirations essays, is concerned with the paper paper term paper ability of service users to process information and create knowledge to guide life choices (Roseneil Seymour, 1999; Kondrat, 1999; Elliott, 2001; Ferguson, 2003, 2004). The Contribution Toward By Charles Booth, William Barnardo And Seebohm! In the second variation, reflexivity is proposal thesis paper term paper, defined as a social worker’s self-critical approach that questions how knowledge about clients is generated and, further, how relations of power operate in can someone do my, this process (White Stancombe, 2003; Taylor and paper research paper term paper, White, 2000; Parton O’Byrne, 2000a; Sheppard, Newstead, Caccavo Ryan, 2000). In the third variation, reflexivity is concerned with the part that emotion plays in social work practice (Kondrat, 1999; Mills Kleinman, 1988; Miehls Moffat, 2000; Ruch, 2002). We surmised that the diversity of meanings that emerge from Free Descriptive Essays a critical analysis of terms such as ‘reflexivity’ and ‘reflection’ is indicative that such concepts are relatively new to social work and their meanings for the profession are still being debated. Further, that the diversity of meanings increases the possibilities for expanding practice repertoires and debate should be encouraged rather than some form of closure sought. In this article we discuss how practitioners working in child and family welfare/protection organisations understood and interpreted the thesis paper thesis concept of reflexivity for their practice, as one of the outcomes of a larger, collaborative research project. The overall research aimed to mba career aspirations essays expand practitioners’ practice repertoires from narrowly-defined risk assessment, to an approach that could account for the uncertainties of practice through a range of concepts (D’Cruz, et al., 2004; D’Cruz and paper research proposal thesis, Gillingham, 2005; D’Cruz et al., in press).
Reflexivity was one of these concepts, that we introduced to participants as an alternative or a complement to instrumental accountability that is increasingly a feature in need do my motivation by internal staff events, child welfare/protection organisations (Howe, 1992; Parton et al., 1997). As discussed further below (see also D’Cruz et al., in paper proposal thesis paper paper, press) a theoretical aim of the research was to explore how a concept, such as reflexivity, drawn from a social constructionist paradigm could be combined with practice approaches dominated by instrumental accountability. The question of how practitioners might combine the two was central as, in theory, the staff events approaches are considered to be incommensurable. We conclude that while concepts like reflexivity are central to formal theories for professional practice, it must also be recognised that individual practitioners interpret concepts, thus creating practical meanings appropriate to their practice contexts. Professional practice in contemporary child and family welfare/protection organisations. From the mid-1980s to the end of the 1990s, child and family policy and practice in many western countries such as the paper proposal paper paper thesis UK, the US and Australia became increasingly proceduralised and bureaucratised (Howe, 1992) following coronial and public inquiries into the deaths and serious injuries to children in the care of their parents/caregivers.
Risk management through risk assessment checklists was the preferred approach that aimed to minimise “practice mistakes” (Walton, 1993) seen as consequences of professional discretion and autonomy, and “subjective” decision making (Reder, Duncan Gray, 1993). Risk assessment criteria as prescriptive checklists represented rationality that could manage the uncertainty and unpredictability associated with ensuring the care and protection of children living with their parents (Parton, 1998), and thus minimise or eradicate “practice mistakes” (Walton, 1993). Professionals including social workers were expected to adhere to procedures, with “substantive accountability” to custom term papers and essays clients (children and families) replaced by “instrumental accountability” to the organisation (Bauman, 1987). The proliferation of research and literature critiquing these developments in child and family welfare/protection organisations has generated alternatives that recognise the necessity for professional discretion and participatory ethical practice with children and parents. These alternatives include the proposal thesis paper recognition of papers by langston both the “dangers” and “opportunities” presented by protective practice (Ferguson, 1997), the importance of critically-reflective practice and “dialogue” (Parton O’Byrne, 2000a) between parents, children and practitioners, and research proposal term paper thesis, reflexive practice that foregrounds the connections between professional knowledge and professional power in situated practice (Taylor White, 2000). The theoretical perspective informing many of these critiques and practice alternatives is social constructionism, that offers justification for re-introducing professional discretion and autonomy, on the grounds that all social practices including professional practice, involve people making meaning through social processes (Parton et al., 1997; D’Cruz, 2004). This perspective challenges the implicit assumption of instrumentalist risk assessment approaches that there is an objective truth about the aspirations care and protection of children that can be established if prescribed assessment procedures are followed. In some contexts, such as in Britain, these critiques have influenced changes in child and family policy and research proposal paper term thesis, practice so that instrumentalist forms of risk assessment have been replaced by broader family-focused approaches (Ferguson, 1997; Parton, 1997).
However, in the Australian context where the research discussed in this article was conducted, instrumentalist risk assessment approaches continue to dominate, as evidenced by the continued use and implementation of the Victorian Risk Framework (DHS, 1999) and ‘Structured Decision Making’ in South Australia (Hetherington, 1999) and Queensland (Leeks, 2006). A full discussion about why risk assessment approaches continue to dominate in Australia is, however, beyond the scope of this article. Exploring an expanded practice repertoire: a summary of the research. The research that is discussed in this article incorporates these approaches within a conceptual framework that explicitly recognises both risk assessment and social constructionism as important to professional practice. We have not dismissed the necessity for risk assessment in some form, nor do we believe it is productive to buy essay chartered accountant dismiss the research proposal paper thesis organisational contexts in which practitioners work. Instead we have explored the possibilities of an approach that accepts the practical, ethical, professional and legal bases for risk assessment, and the opportunities for the space of practice that is silenced organisationally and for can someone do my essay of attitudes the poor booth, william booth, dr. t. barnardo and seebohm individuals namely, the discretionary aspects of practice. This research emerged from the first author’s PhD research, which explored how meanings and research paper, identities were constructed in child protection practice (D’Cruz, 1999; 2004), rather than being predictable outcomes as absolute ‘realities’ achieved by heavily proceduralised and instrumental practice informed by the risk paradigm (Howe, 1992; Parton et al., 1997). The approach taken that accommodates both perspectives ( D’Cruz, 1999; 2004, p. 255-261), described as “juxtaposing seeming incommensurables” (Marcus, 1994, p. Do My Essay Medical Jfk Assassination! 566) in post-modern thought, explored the possibilities of putting together concepts or phenomena that might be considered as mutually exclusive or polarities (Hassard, 1993). Paper Research Thesis Term Paper Thesis! For example, ideas of “realism” (as absolute, objective reality) and “relativism” (reality is buy essay online chartered accountant, relative, being constructed by participants) (Edwards, Ashmore Potter, 1995) are usually seen as mutually exclusive and oppositional concepts.
This approach is research paper term, known as “dualism” (Heap, 1995), that accepts a physical reality that may generate a variety of plausible, and relative explanations and meanings depending on mba career aspirations the situated positioning of participants (Reason and Bradbury, 2001, p. Paper Research Paper Paper! 6). For child welfare/protection, a dualist position allows for an acceptance of children’s lived experiences that include material disadvantage, oppression and | Essay …, trauma, and paper research thesis, the necessity for ‘risk assessment’, while also acknowledging that these experiences may be explained and understood from many, competing perspectives (D’Cruz, 2004; D’Cruz et al., 2004). Child protection practitioners usually have to negotiate these multiple explanations in each case and decide which version is ‘truth’. The research that explored the possibilities of expanding the practice repertoire available to child protection practitioners incorporated three dimensions: theories of knowledge and power, related professional roles, and essays, practice skills. Paper! The second and third dimension are beyond the scope of this article and here we focus on one part of the first dimension, the can someone do my to change of attitudes william dr. t. barnardo concept of reflexivity. Paper Research Term! We briefly discuss below the five features of the help motivation by internal first dimension, to contextualise how reflexivity was part of the overall research and especially of the research paper paper first dimension.
The first dimension, theories of knowledge and power, draws on mba career assumptions about knowledge and the practitioner’s relationship to knowledge represented as practice decisions informed by the risk paradigm and social constructionism. This dimension begins from the paper thesis position that the risk paradigm and social constructionism are represented in theory as mutually exclusive, each with particular defining features. The proposed alternative conceptual approach moves from this position of mutually exclusive perspectives to explore whether features of each perspective may be combined in different ways in practice as a way of expanding professional knowledge and practice repertoires for practitioners (D’Cruz et al., in press). Overall, the help essay motivation by internal staff five features of the first dimension of the paper research paper thesis conceptual framework related to how theories of knowledge and power may be represented in regard to views about ‘reality’, ‘truth’ and ‘knowledge’ and expertise and authority. Term Papers By Langston! For example, whether knowledge is paper term paper thesis, objective and absolute (real) or an outcome of alternative, contestable meanings (relative); and the relationship of aspirations knowledge to the speaker/author/knower (privilege/positioning). Instrumental rationality and paper thesis term paper thesis, reflexivity were the first feature of this dimension and, as explained below, reflexivity seemed to have the mba career aspirations essays greatest resonance for the practitioners in terms of how they could relate it to their practice. To explore how practitioners might be able to expand their practice repertoires through the possibility of juxtaposing concepts like reflexivity and instrumental rationality that are regarded as polarised and mutually exclusive, a research project, ‘Developing a practice-generated approach to research term thesis policy implementation’, was developed (D’Cruz et al., in press). The aim was to develop an alternative approach for child protection practice that would account for ethical, legal and help do my essay by internal events, bureaucratic demands while providing “child centred, family focused” services (e.g.
Ferguson, 1997) beyond surveillance and monitoring that Donzelot (1980) refers to as “policing families”. Paper Proposal! Hence the research was designed to explore the assumptions about knowledge and power underlying the main contemporary theoretical approaches to child protection, namely, risk assessment and social constructionism, that as abstract theories are considered as “incommensurable” or mutually exclusive, yet might be combined in practice through the help essay by internal exercise of discretion. Paper Proposal Thesis Paper Term Paper Thesis! In this article, we focus specifically on how practitioners who were research participants were engaged in regard to the concept of reflexivity as either an alternative to or complement for … instrumental rationality that was/is the norm in their organisational contexts. Generally, “incommensurability” is taken to mean that different paradigms cannot be compared as each has self-contained criteria that include what is research proposal paper paper, relevant to the paradigm and simultaneously demarcates what is not (Feyerabend, 1975; Lee, 1994; Jacobs, 2002a; 2002b). Within this definition, the risk paradigm and social constructionism cannot be compared as they are considered to be incommensurable, as each is a self-contained perspective. We believe they can be compared on the grounds that they offer different perspectives of social reality and professional practice.
From a post-modernist perspective that claims that one can “juxtapose seeming incommensurables” (Marcus, 1994, p. 566) we have taken an do my essay to change of attitudes toward the poor by charles booth, william dr. t. barnardo rowntree, approach that does not claim to combine entire self-contained paradigms. Instead, we have identified a few key features of each paradigm as being important for professional discretion and paper research thesis paper paper, ethical practice and have incorporated these into our overall conceptual framework. This approach also draws from Feyerabend’s (1975) conceptualisation of the need for need help essay staff “pluralism” of apparently conflicting theoretical perspectives so that theories can better explain/understand “realities” that may not be adequately addressed through single approaches . Reflexivity (and its conceptual opposite, instrumental rationality) are two such concepts that are identified here as representing how professionals are expected to paper term paper work from different paradigms or perspectives (in our research, social constructionism and the risk paradigm, respectively). To Change Of Attitudes Toward William Booth, Dr. T. Barnardo! We have aimed to explore whether reflexivity and instrumental rationality could be considered as two ‘ends’ of a continuum of possibilities that may generate countless variations to improve practice options. The idea of a conceptual continuum from a professional practice perspective, is paper research term thesis, similar to the “grey areas” of practice that are well known to practitioners, as the vast majority of cases do not fit neatly within prescribed official categories and related theories (Parton, 1991). How do practitioners understand the concept of reflexivity and its relationship to instrumental rationality in their practice? Research Participants and Procedures. The research was conducted in 2002 and 2003. There were ten participants in the first cohort, and seven in the second. The first group of participants involved senior practitioners and the second group involved relatively more recent graduates (primarily social workers).
The participants were employed at child welfare/child protection organisations in Victoria, Australia, namely, the Free Descriptive Department of Human Services (Barwon South-Western Region), Glastonbury Child and Family Services, and MacKillop Family Services. Participants from each organisation were recruited by invitation using a plain language statement and paper proposal term paper thesis, participation required written consent. Essays! The research was facilitated by paper proposal paper paper thesis the first author who was also an active participant in the research process. In 2002, the second author was a senior child protection practitioner who participated in the research as a key informant and as research assistant. In 2003, the second author continued to participate as a key informant and the third author, who was a Bachelor of Social Work (Honours) student, was employed as a research assistant.
The particular challenges and opportunities of conducting collaborative research across a range of agencies are discussed more fully in D’Cruz Gillingham (2005), as are the ethical and practical dilemmas of (and the particular insights gained from) the do my essay analysis of the multiple roles occupied by the researchers. Key concerns in this process were how participants perceived the multiple roles of the researchers and paper research thesis, how they themselves could step aside from their normal (and potentially oppositional purchaser/provider) roles. In order to address these concerns, rules about the confidentiality of comments made and written were clarified at the beginning and can someone essay analysis jfk assassination, during the workshops. The participants were also drawn from an area where practitioners move from proposal thesis paper one employer to another and so have to accommodate the changing roles of colleagues. Comments from the participants indicated that they welcomed the opportunity to debate issues with each other in the workshop that they would not be able to discuss in their normal occupational roles. Participants in both cohorts attended five focus groups that covered the three dimensions of the alternative approach. These were referred to Descriptive … as “workshops” in order to reflect the collaborative and dialogic nature of the research and the participation, rather than just facilitation, by the researchers in the sessions. The first workshop (half-day) introduced the research and explored participants’ perceptions of the paper proposal thesis paper thesis context in which they worked, and the extent of discretion and professional power they believed they had (and sought to exercise) in their organisations and in relation to clients. These perceptions were important as they suggested how each practitioner/participant might engage with abstract concepts to need help staff be addressed in the research, as opposed to prescribed procedures, in their work environment. Furthermore, perceptions about the extent of their discretion in paper research thesis paper paper thesis, their employing organisations might also influence how participants perceived the value of the and essays research itself for paper thesis its contributions to their practice.
At the second workshop (full day), reflexivity (and instrumental rationality) were explored as part of the online in montreal first dimension of the research proposal thesis term thesis conceptual framework, theories of knowledge and power. The third and fourth workshops (full days) the remaining dimensions of the alternative approach, namely, theories, professional roles and practice skills. Custom Term And Essays By Langston! At the end of the fourth workshop, participants were asked to apply any aspects of the approach to paper paper their practice and document it along with critical comments (Stringer, 1996; Reason Bradbury, 2001). Participants were alerted to the likelihood that they would not be able to apply the analysis entire conceptual approach in every case; nor were they expected to. This advice was given because the facilitator recognised from her own practice experience that specific cases do not fit tidily within the generalities of formal theory hence the tensions between ‘theory’ and ‘practice’ (Fook, 1996; 1999; Camilleri, 1996; 1999). At the fifth and final workshop (half-day) participants discussed their examples of how they applied the approach to their practice and offered critical feedback.
Each workshop discussion relied on plain language definitions and semi-structured questions that had been mailed to proposal paper participants prior to the workshop to facilitate their engagement with particular dimensions of the alternative approach. The conceptual features of each dimension and their plain language definitions were refined in discussion between the Principal Researcher (also first author) and the second author who, at the initiation of the can someone do my essay toward the poor by charles booth, and seebohm research, was employed as a senior child protection practitioner in paper proposal paper term thesis, a large statutory organisation. Do My Essay To Change Of Attitudes Toward The Poor By Charles William Dr. T. Barnardo And Seebohm Rowntree! The definitions, questions and related readings were mailed to participants before each workshop to paper thesis paper paper thesis allow them time to consider and critically engage with the materials. Figure 1 sets out the plain language definitions and explanations of “instrumental rationality” and “reflexivity” that were mailed to participants prior to their attendance at workshop two. Reflexivity (Hassard, 1993; Taylor White, 2000): An important practice skill and can someone do my medical analysis, central to working ethically in uncertain contexts and unpredictable situations as opposed to instrumental accountability (following rules and procedures). Critical self-awareness by the practitioner, in thesis paper thesis, how he or she understands and …, engages with social problems. Realisation that our assumptions about social problems and the people who experience these problems have ethical and practical consequences. Paper Research Proposal Thesis Paper Term Thesis! Questioning of personal practice, knowledge and assumptions. The following questions were provided to facilitate practitioners’ engagement with questioning their practice assumptions and their interpretation of the concept of reflexivity: How do I know what I think I know about this person and their problem?
What has my experience of this immediate situation and the person(s) involved in it contributed to my conclusions for my practice? Is there at least one other way of Free … understanding this situation and the people involved? Is there any possibility that this situation or aspects of it can be seen as the normal consequences of everyday life and/or broader structural disadvantage? How can I use my professional knowledge and associated power as productively as possible? Figure 1: Plain language definitions and critical questions about “reflexivity” and research thesis, “instrumental accountability” During the workshops, data were generated by engaging the participants in discussion about the questions (in Figure 1). They were also given time to Free Essays | Essay provide written responses to research proposal thesis term thesis material provided in the workshops, which asked them to consider how they might incorporate the proposed concepts into their practice. In 2002, the term and essays workshop discussions were tape-recorded and research paper term paper, transcribed but this proved to be less than satisfactory. A particular problem was that participants, in the heat of the need help by internal staff debate, tended to speak over each other (and at paper research thesis paper the same time), making the transcription fragmented and difficult to follow. Consequently this was not repeated in 2003, but extensive notes of the discussion were taken by by charles william dr. t. barnardo the research assistant and research facilitator (first author). During the workshops in proposal term thesis, both 2002 and 2003, an electronic whiteboard was used to capture salient points during the can someone do my medical of the discussions with the participants at the workshops and these were printed off.
The use of the thesis paper paper whiteboard also allowed participants and researchers the opportunity to clarify the points being made. Participants were encouraged to comment on need do my motivation by internal staff events whether the researcher using the whiteboard had adequately captured their meaning, This approach to data recording, known as “member checking” (Rubin Babbie, 2005) was concerned with the point that “(t)he central meanings attached to objects or relations should reflect the beliefs that the insiders hold about these” (Kellehear, 1993, p. 38) and that “(v)alidity here begins with the paper research proposal thesis convergence of the researcher and the subject’s ideas about the subject’s view of the world” (Kellehear, 1993, p. 38). The participants’ responses were analysed in accordance with principles drawn from qualitative research, whereby the researcher aims to identify patterns and do my, contradictions in the data and thesis paper term thesis, interpret subjective meanings generated by help do my by internal the participants (Everitt, Hardiker, Littlewood Mullender, 1992). “Open coding” (Strauss Corbin, 1990) was used to start analyzing the data and involved reading through the range of documents generated by participants through their written responses and research proposal thesis paper term paper, the discussions. Themes in essay of attitudes toward by charles barnardo, relation to how participants defined reflexivity in paper thesis paper term thesis, relation to their practice were then identified, as they emerged from the data (Strauss Corbin, 1990), and categorised according to the interpretations of the researchers. Throughout this process, themes were expanded, developed and changed through the identification of direct quotes from can someone of the jfk assassination participants and repeated reading of the data. This process continued until no new themes emerged. The particular challenges of conducting collaborative research are discussed more fully elsewhere (see D’Cruz and Gillingham, 2005), as are the limitations of the research design, both practically and theoretically (see D’Cruz et al., in press). Particular limitations can be summarised as follows. The number of participants was small and we acknowledge that a larger number of participants would have strengthened any claims made. We also relied on the accounts of the participants of how they tried to integrate the alternative concepts in their practice rather than observe them directly. We also acknowledge that the findings of the research are closely linked to the context in paper research proposal paper, which it was conducted, a context which changes (and has changed since the research was conducted) continually and sometimes swiftly.
The concept of reflexivity as interpreted by practitioners/participants. Of all the concepts explored in this part of the research, reflexivity seemed to have greatest resonance for participants, as it seemed to fundamentally relate to knowledge, theory and practice and the connections between these ideas. In particular, it also resonated with their recognition of the discretion that they have in their practice, however limited this may be by organisational settings. (The other concepts that had greatest resonance for the participants seemed to can someone essay toward booth, william barnardo and seebohm relate more specifically to the other two dimensions that have not been addressed in this article, namely, professional roles and practice skills.) In fact, the richness of the data related to paper reflexivity enabled us to develop a detailed analysis (D’Cruz et al., 2004), which we now present below. Firstly we present the aspirations different meanings of reflexivity that participants generated and secondly their engagement with the notion of power/knowledge as it relates to the definition of reflexivity that they were given. We were able to identify six themes that represented the participants’ conceptualisations of research proposal thesis term thesis reflexivity in mba career aspirations essays, relation to their practice: as self-reflection, distinct from reflection.
as a way to combine objectivity and research proposal thesis thesis, subjectivity. as a critical appraisal of buy essay cheap accountant in montreal action and knowledge creation, in the moment. reflexivity as a tool for practice/an introspective process. reflexivity as a learning tool/critical practice approach. as a process of paper research proposal critical reflection on policy (D’Cruz et al., 2004) These six themes are considered in essay of the, more detail below. While we acknowledge that there are considerable overlaps between some of the themes, we have separated them out in order to convey the subtleties and range of meaning in the responses. Due to the way that the responses were recorded during group discussions, we were not able to identify participants individually, but have been able to identify and include which of the two cohorts they belonged to (2002 or 2003).
This identifying information is significant in that the two cohorts (as explained above in the section “Research Participants and Procedures”) differed in terms of professional roles and experience. The 2002 cohort were mainly team leaders and supervisors, while those involved in 2003 were all relatively recently qualified practitioners. Practitioners’ Meanings of Reflexivity. as self-reflection, distinct from thesis paper paper reflection. Some of the participants defined reflexivity as the use of intuition or tacit knowledge (Polyani 1967) to make sense of a situation and also as a way of combining the use of the Free Essays | Essay … intellect and the emotions to paper research proposal thesis paper term paper thesis do so. The inclusion of self (including emotional responses) in the critical approach to knowledge creation are conveyed by the following quotes: reflection is analysis of the jfk assassination, kinda looking out and looking at everything whereas reflexivity is doing that but including yourself in that . Paper Thesis Paper Term Thesis! (emphasis added) (2002) Need to be aware of internal (emotional responses and “gut feelings”) and external (things go on around us) factors. . . (2003) (2) as a way to combine objectivity and subjectivity.
The participants engaged with the idea of a continuum between instrumental rationality and reflexivity as a way of combining objectivity and subjectivity, of moving between the two and legitimating both approaches to knowledge creation in practice, as demonstrated by the following quotes: I sort of saw it as combining objectivity and can someone medical analysis jfk assassination, subjectivity. . . . So you can be both, objective and subjective in the same context. . . Paper Research Thesis Paper Thesis! (2002) [At the instrumental accountability end of the continuum] the assumption can only be. Essays | Essay …! . . [that] if you’re objective then you can’t be subjective. Paper Paper Paper! . . whereas it’s actually contextually okay to buy essay in montreal be both. And it’s realistic to paper thesis be both. (2002) reflection is kinda looking out and looking at everything whereas reflexivity is doing that but including yourself in that (2002) These interpretations of the concept of reflexivity, in relation to instrumental accountability resonate with one of the original aims of this research, which was to investigate whether and need help staff events, how two seemingly polarized approaches to social work practice in child protection can be combined. Though we do not have these participants’ definitions of objectivity and subjectivity, it appears from the context of the discussion that they identifying the ‘instrumental rationality’ end of the continuum with ‘objectivity’ and the ‘reflexivity’ end with ‘subjectivity’. Paper Proposal Thesis Paper Term Paper! It appears that, for them, the concept of reflexivity offered the opportunity to practice in two ways at the same time. Another participant, however, saw reflexivity as a way of acknowledging his/her personal emotional response and then distancing him/herself from this response in order to increase his/her objectivity: This helps me make sense of my responses to what I am being told. It helps me distance myself from my emotional responses to the person who is speaking to me. . . . If I figure out that my emotional response is mirroring theirs, or that I am being convinced by Free … their presentation rather than anything else, then I change my emotional response, or put it aside, to become more objective. Research Proposal Term! (2003) (3) as a critical appraisal of action and aspirations, knowledge creation, in the moment.
For some participants reflexivity allowed questioning of what is paper research proposal thesis paper term paper thesis, a ‘fact’ and a broadening of what might be considered pertinent to an assessment: Reflexivity for me means being able to more broadly consider the help essay motivation staff events client’s experience of the world rather than through the narrow confines of accountability through procedures (sic) facts and bottom lines. (2003) One participant gave the research paper example of when the application of reflexivity allowed for alternative explanations for Free | Essay … a mother’s behaviour in a domestic violence situation. Although (I was) very much aware of theory re DV and cycle of violence, the research paper information, context and Descriptive Essays, presentation of mother were quite confronting. Rationalizing in paper research term paper thesis, my own head drawing on do my essay of attitudes toward booth, william dr. t. and seebohm rowntree the context of her life/environment, my knowledge of theory and past experience of DV situations to assist with making sense and understand the paper thesis mother’s thought processes. . . (2003) This application of the custom term papers concept led to a reassessment of the situation rather than the mother’s behaviour being considered as just a breach of procedures. This questioning also extended to how formal theories and knowledge are applied in paper proposal paper paper thesis, practice. The example given here concerned theories about the cause and effects of domestic violence.
The questioning of ‘fact’, knowledge and theory is exemplified by the following: valuing and holding fairly highly, the practice of conducting reflexivity. . . bring that sort of ‘third eye’ stuff. Descriptive | Essay! . . you keep making explicit the fact that that’s what you’re doing. The stopping and thinking about why you did, and where you did and what you did. And that navel gazing I guess is the notion. (2002) The reference to ‘navel gazing’ in the above quote could have quite negative connotations in that it could be read that applying the concept of reflexivity could lead to endless, or at least time-consuming, introspection and paper research proposal thesis paper term paper, a lack of action. (4) reflexivity as a tool for practice/an introspective process. Reflexivity was conceptualized as a practice tool that could be used to change and enhance practice. Aspirations Essays! As in paper research paper thesis, version three, reflexivity was conceptualized as an introspective process, something that a practitioner can engage with on help essay motivation by internal staff events their own:
It’s about proposal thesis paper term paper thesis, change, it’s about changing your own practice in some subtle way or changing something outside the practice which is why we are actually talking to someone. . that the internal conversation goes on . . (emphasis added) (2002) valuing and holding fairly highly, the practice of conducting reflexivity. . Term Papers! . bring that sort of ‘third eye’ stuff. . . Research Thesis Term Paper Thesis! you keep making explicit the fact that that’s what you’re doing. The stopping and thinking about why you did, and where you did and what you did. And that navel gazing I guess is the notion . . …! . (emphasis added) (2002) Reflexivity is an paper thesis thesis, ongoing ‘live’ process going on internally as the buy essay chartered in montreal outside world impacts on thesis term paper me. (2003) (5) reflexivity as a learning tool/critical practice approach. Reflexivity was conceptualized as a learning tool, as a process for creating rules to guide practice and enhance ‘practice wisdom’. Papers And Essays By Langston! Participants alluded to the idea that reflexivity can be used to proposal thesis paper term thesis sort out ‘what works’ in a particular situation, without having to can someone essay to change of attitudes toward the poor by charles barnardo and seebohm ‘reinvent the wheel’. This is encapsulated in the following quote: . . . reflexivity creates a helpful rule in the context, then you might have a . . Research Proposal Thesis Paper Paper Thesis! . point here and the next time you confront a similar situation, you might think, I can try and use that knowledge or rule that I created in that last case, let’s try it and if it works you do it and your reflexivity says if it isn’t working what can you do next. . . (2002) This quote also refers to the use of reflexivity as a continual and critical process of questioning how knowledge to guide practice is created. However, reflexivity as a critical approach and as a learning tool was not considered to be easy and generated a level of discomfort: But even if you don’t say anything about can someone do my the contribution to change toward the poor by charles william booth, dr. t. and seebohm, it, you’re just doing the thesis paper term reflecting on yourself, it kind of, it’s not a comfortable feeling for people. (2002)
The process of practising reflexivity and moving to that end of the continuum was considered as also being ‘scary’, while the instrumentalist end of the continuum was associated with safety: I mean it is that balance between it being scary and discomfort and I mean, I think there is probably a lot of staff that would sort of ‘just tell me what to do, how to do, what is the rule here, what is (sic) the rules to follow, how do I interpret this, whatever else’ and if you go back to them and take them through a different process, but I think it also has, I suppose the mba career aspirations essays other side to that is that it is also rewarding in the long term. (2002) The extent of challenge in practising reflexively might also be linked to levels of professional experience and expertise: I think it also has to research proposal thesis paper thesis do with the online chartered accountant in montreal individuals, where they are at. . . personal development and professional development. (2002) I think it’s a level of confidence and. . . for dealing with some of their own issues that if they sort of reflected on themselves. . . (2002) Despite the challenges that reflexivity might pose, it was also considered to proposal paper paper thesis be rewarding in the long term: So the other side of this is the rewarding, for some people it is a difficult process to aspirations go through with that, yeah, the mastery that goes with that. (2002) (6) as a process of critical reflection on policy.
Some participants also interpreted the concept of reflexivity as critical reflection on the policies set by their agencies that inform and guide their practice: . . . you look at policy, you build in reflexivity in individual practice relative to proposal paper term thesis clients, relative to program, relative to annual reviews. Free Descriptive | Essay! It’s at all those different levels. (2002) I guess I don’t see policies or whatever as set in concrete. I think you still need to keep reflecting on them and proposal paper paper, seeing if they are still useful because I guess I have seen policies that are being useful to support workers in their practice and if they are not, well then you need to be relooking at do my essay motivation by internal staff events them. (2002) Again, as this quote shows, reflexivity was used as a critical approach to practice, offering a process of engagement with organisational instrumental rationality (rules and procedures) that shapes and guides practice. Participants also described adopting a reflexive approach to practice as rewarding and as promoting growth and trust in relations with clients. But there remained the question of whether their employing organisations were supportive of such an approach.
For example, in that the paper proposal thesis participants questioned whether organisational culture provided sufficient safety and term and essays, permission for them to adopt a reflexive stance in relation to their practice: It is about a culture as well isn’t it, it is the research thesis paper paper culture that allows that. (2002) Yeah, I think it is back to the ideal world in do my medical analysis of the, a way and it is a thing about how do you fit in organisational culture that allows. . Paper Thesis Paper! . a relationship to Free Descriptive … happen rather than the proposal thesis paper paper thesis task centred stuff that says we just want another chapter and verse and we don’t really care what your interpretation of that is. (2002) In the next section, we focus on how the | Essay … participants engaged with the concept of power, as it relates to their roles and the process of research proposal paper term paper knowledge generation. Reflexivity as Knowledge/Power in Practice.
We have acknowledged previously (D’Cruz et al., 2007) that the need help essay staff concept of reflexivity has been offered as a constructive (Parton O’Byrne, 2000a; 2000b) and critical (Fook, 1996; 1999; Taylor White, 2000) approach to social work practice, particularly recognizing the relations of power in the generation of research paper paper situated professional knowledge. Consequently an important dimension of how the participants in this research engaged with the concept of reflexivity was how they conceptualized and acknowledged the operation of power in their practice. In engaging with the formal definition of reflexivity as an integral relationship between knowledge and power, participants identified three different forms that power could take in can someone analysis of the jfk assassination, their practice which we have categorised as: (1) constructive power, (2) coercive power, and (3) institutional power. The participants acknowledged that power enabled them to: empathize where the client is at [knowledge/assessment] should not merely be a conflict of views (2003) Power was also considered as constructive in relation to dealing with the seemingly inevitable conflicts that arise in work with children and families: Practice starts off with [the] assumption of a power struggle. The first encounter destabilises power from parents and potentially sets up the groundwork for ‘battle’.
Therefore it is important to start with the parents how can we empower you to fulfil the role of parenting? (2002) The giving of knowledge or information was also seen as a way of empowering clients (parents) and reducing what was considered to be a power imbalance between professionals and families: Just an equalizing kind of thing, using your own knowledge in a constructive way to help people understand . . . (2002) It is also worth noting that participants considered the parents as clients rather than their children when they were asked to reflect on the operation of paper proposal thesis power in essay the contribution to change toward the poor william dr. t. and seebohm rowntree, practice. The participants acknowledged the operation of power, in relation to the generation of knowledge, in the relations between themselves, their supervisors (or supervisees) and clients. The following quote illustrates how power was considered to be operating in a top down (and unidirectional) manner. But apparently what’s sitting there is a power dimension about proposal thesis, who’s asking the question to reflect anyway.
So if you’re asking, if the supervisor asked the question, the fact that they asked the question is a power differential. That fact that we go out to a client family. . Can Someone Do My Essay Of Attitudes The Poor By Charles Dr. T. Barnardo Rowntree! . did you feed your kids last night is a very different question if I ask the question or your mother did or the neighbour, I mean who asks the questions sets up. . . (2002) Statutory power was also considered as a last resort: at some point power needs to be used there are things we can do on the way to avoid reaching this point (2003) The operation of paper research proposal thesis term paper power as oppressive and as located in the rules and procedures of employing organisations which produce rigid solutions to problems was also identified by the participants, as: a fixation on appropriate course of action for clients [as defined by the organisation] often results in neglecting clients’ real needs. Descriptive | Essay …! (2002) In summary, power was considered by the participants to research proposal thesis term paper thesis be operating in both constructive and oppressive ways in their practice. It was acknowledged as operating in relations between supervisors and to change the poor booth, and seebohm, practitioners and clients, predominantly in a “top down” manner. Power was also associated with statutory duties. With reference to the process of knowledge creation, at least one of the participants acknowledged the importance of the hierarchical status of the paper research term paper thesis person asking the questions, again with power operating in a “top down” manner. Knowledge/power was also alluded to by one participant in relation to the possibility of knowledge sharing with clients as an empowering process. However, the buy essay online accountant in montreal participants engaged with a structural definition of power rather than a post-modern definition of power as relational espoused by reflexivity.
Participants’ interpretations and the literature. This section will discuss how the findings of research paper this research extend the buy essay cheap accountant in montreal current literature about reflexivity as a concept that can be applied to social work practice. Research Proposal Term Paper Thesis! In order to consider the creative and varying ways that the participants in this research related the concept to their practice, we draw on our critical review of the literature on reflexivity as a concept (D’Cruz et al., 2007) to provide an analytical framework to locate these emergent meanings. In our critical literature review (D’Cruz et al., 2007), we identified three variations in the meaning of essays reflexivity: as an individual’s considered response to an immediate context, as a critical approach that questions how knowledge is generated and as an approach to practice that is concerned with how emotion is proposal paper term thesis, implicated in social work practice. In this section we relate the findings of the mba career aspirations research to these three variations. We aim to understand the practitioner/participants’ interpretations within these broader conceptual frameworks in order to bring together “formal theory” (expressed in academic literature) and “informal theory” (as emergent and grounded in the experience of proposal term paper thesis practitioners) (Fook, 1999; Camilleri, 1999). The First Variation: Individual’s choices in term and essays, context. In our critical literature review (D’Cruz et al., 2007), the first conceptual variation of reflexivity is regarded as an individual’s considered response to an immediate context and is concerned with the ability of service users to process information and create knowledge to guide life choices (Roseneil Seymour, 1999; Kondrat, 1999; Elliott, 2001; Ferguson, 2003, 2004).
This emphasis on individual choice in context is apparent in the ways that some participants interpreted reflexivity for their practice. They saw it as a means (or skill) for making sense of the situations they faced in practice and deciding on action that they could then take. However, their responses did not suggest that they considered reflexivity to paper be a skill that can be taught to clients to assist them to make sense of their worlds and to take action to further their own interests (Ferguson, 2004). Can Someone Do My Medical Analysis Jfk Assassination! Rather, it was considered as a practice tool to aid their practice and develop professional expertise. The Second Variation: Self Critical Professional Practice. In our critical literature review (D’Cruz et al., 2007), the second conceptual variation of reflexivity is defined as a social worker’s self critical approach that questions how knowledge about clients is paper proposal thesis paper, generated and, further, how relations of power operate in this process (White Stancombe, 2003; Taylor White, 2000; Parton O’Byrne, 2000a; Sheppard, Newstead, Caccavo Ryan, 2000).
This variation in Free Descriptive | Essay, the literature was apparent in the ways that the participants defined reflexivity as a critical approach to their practice, the knowledge generated in practice and the rules and policies that guide practice. As in the conceptual variation in paper proposal paper paper thesis, the literature, power was considered as part of the definition of mba career reflexivity, particularly by one participant, in relation to the identity of the knower. The Third Variation: Emotion, Cognition and Social Work Practice. In our critical literature review (D’Cruz et al., 2007), the third conceptual variation of reflexivity is concerned with how emotion is implicated in social work practice (Kondrat, 1999; Mills Kleinman, 1988; Miehls Moffat, 2000; Ruch, 2002). The meanings of reflexivity generated by participants in our research also identified emotions as being an important part of the process of knowledge creation. Participants spoke of paper research paper paper thesis their emotional responses when they attempted to apply a critical approach to the generation of knowledge to guide their practice. In particular they identified the personal discomfort associated with questioning strictly prescribed rules, procedures and mba career essays, policies in organisational cultures that limit rather than promote practitioner discretion. Overall, there were elements of all three variations contained in the meanings that the research thesis paper thesis participants gave to the concept of reflexivity in relation to their practice. Indeed, participants went beyond describing what practising reflexivity might mean to them. A key point that emerges from need help do my motivation this research with practitioners is the descriptions of how they might engage with the concept of reflexivity in a context that prescribes instrumental accountability. They described the difficulties and discomfort in thesis paper paper, incorporating a reflexive approach to practice and mba career, the easier option of resorting to the relative safety of following rules and procedures.
A certain amount of self-confidence is required to engage in critical or reflexive approaches to practice, with confidence associated with practice experience and levels of expertise. So, while reflexivity may offer a way of developing and increasing expertise, it also requires a certain level of expertise to begin with. Thesis Paper Thesis! It is worth noting that it was the 2002 group of participants, the can someone the contribution to change of attitudes by charles booth, william rowntree more senior practitioners, team leaders and managers who reflected on this more than the less experienced 2003 group. This also mirrors the conceptualisation of professional expertise and its development by Fook, Ryan and Hawkins (2000), who argue that whereas “novices” in professional practice tend to follow rules, “experts engage with theory in a critically self-reflective process” (p. 189). This particular point offers an important insight that might inform the introduction of research proposal paper paper alternative practice approaches to enhance practice in child protection. The participants did not engage quite so fully with the concept of essay power as it relates to knowledge creation in the definition of research proposal thesis paper term reflexivity provided to them. While reflexivity was seen as important in challenging how knowledge was created, the custom role that power has in the process of knowledge creation, particularly the power that they, as child and family welfare professionals have, was not critically engaged with (except in terms of ‘knowledge sharing’). We conceptualized their versions of paper proposal thesis paper paper power as constructive, coercive and institutional and acknowledged more as an entity or possession than a process that operates in all interactions, namely, a structural version of need do my essay by internal staff events power. This conceptualisation of power may be associated with the location of the practitioners in paper research term paper, human service organisations which are structured as bureaucracies in which ‘legal authority’ is the buy essay cheap in montreal most evident form of power, and paper proposal thesis, which, in Foucauldian terms establishes a pervasive system of help do my motivation events governmentality through hierarchical surveillance (Foucault, 1980). Consequently, participants may have engaged more with a process of ‘reflection’ rather than ‘reflexivity’ in paper thesis, that they did not fully acknowledge the aspirations essays knowledge/power dimension of thesis paper term thesis reflexivity and their own positioned subjectivities in the process.
We have presented an account of need help essay how practitioners might enhance their practice by engaging with a theoretical construct in proposal thesis, ‘real world’ situations rather than hypothetical situations, which offers some insight into the “opportunities” and “dangers” (Ferguson, 1997) of adopting alternative, critical practice approaches. We have shown that it is possible for practitioners to custom term and essays combine an paper research proposal thesis, alternative practice approach based in the social constructionist critique of current child protection practice with the “risk paradigm” and that the two approaches are not necessarily “incommensurable” (Marcus, 1994). The consequence for practice is term papers by langston, that it offers hope that alternative “constructive” approaches (Parton O’Byrne, 2000a; 2000b) to child protection practice that aim to move beyond the “policing” (Donzelot, 1980) and “surveillance” (Parton, 1991) of families can be integrated into child protection practice and that their development should continue. The possibility that such alternative approaches might be well received by practitioners has also emerged from this research, as demonstrated by the enthusiasm with which the participants in this research engaged with the concept of reflexivity. This article has discussed how the concept of reflexivity was applied by practitioners in the field of paper thesis child and family welfare to expand their current practice repertoires. The research has shown how individual practitioners interpret concepts and create practical meanings appropriate to their practice contexts in a range of imaginative ways that combine with current approaches. It has demonstrated how one concept, reflexivity, generated from an alternative approach to practice based in social constructionism, can be used to expand practice options, rather than just offer critique. Consequently this research supports the further development of custom term papers and essays alternative approaches to practice in child protection that extend beyond forensic approaches that focus on the identification and management of paper research thesis paper thesis “risk”. Ai, A. L. (2002). Integrating spirituality into professional education: A challenging but feasible task. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 22(1-2), 103-127.
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What Do You Think of an SAT Essay Question About Reality TV? Questions about issues in the news for students 13 and older. Some versions of the proposal paper term SAT test given last week contained an essay prompt asking students to write about reality television. Custom And Essays. What do you think of asking students to write about pop culture and television on a high-stakes test like this? Why? Every year, the SAT reduces more than a few teenage test-takers to tears. But few questions on the so-called Big Test appear to have provoked more anxious chatter — at least in this era of thesis thesis, texting and online comment streams and cheap chartered accountant in montreal discussion threads — than an paper paper term paper thesis, essay prompt in need help motivation by internal, some versions of the research proposal term paper thesis SAT administered last Saturday in which students were asked to opine on reality television. …By Wednesday, comments on the now-infamous prompt — which included the question, “How authentic can these shows be when producers design challenges for term papers by langston the participants and then editors alter filmed scenes?” — had stretched across nearly 40 pages on proposal thesis paper College Confidential.
Comments are no longer being accepted. I joined the debate club while in HS so as to meet girls – and thus specialized in the no-preparation-required extemporaneous, in which one has three minutes to organize a speech on one of paper paper, three topics presented. Only once did I completely choke after hitting a trifecta of incognita. One kind judge gave me this advice after I’d lamely given up before completing spouting what nonsense I’d come up with: it is not WHAT you say, it is HOW you say it. I am an adult now and need essay by internal an English teacher to boot, and paper research thesis paper paper when I grade extemporaneous essays, I look for buy essay in montreal structure and logical development and style, and I award made-up quotations and statistics and outlandish examples when they all work together to make sense. Thus, I think the question was appropriate for, as an adult, there will be times when you must pontificate on subjects you are clueless about. Just do it with flair. Education is a mess, and the for paper research proposal paper paper thesis profit ‘testing industry’, along with many of the other self-interested vultures who pick at its bones under the guise of ‘expert consultants’ are a large part of the reason… The narrow, biased SAT should be retired, along with many other top-down so-called measures of custom and essays by langston, achievement. These attempts to pre-determine student success do little more than punish those who don’t fit the in vogue model of acceptability, narrowing both creativity and research paper cultural diversity. But the fanatical paranoia surrounding it all continues to feed the beast… and we all are hurt by aspirations, it.
I suspect that takers of the SAT who are truly intellectually curious would have a high probability of proposal thesis, either never seeing a ‘reality TV show’ or just a few snipits. That could hamper their ability to online cheap accountant respond to the question, On the other hand, a truly curious person with high cognitive skills tends to research proposal thesis understand that popular culture does exist and it is important to understand that aspect of the zeitgeist — even while dispising it. One does not have to read the New York Pest (sic) to understand why it continues to survive given that it is the worst daily tablod published in this city. An NYTimes site that I can read for free and comment upon. I think the essay question should have asked for students to compare and contrast the differences between Burger King and McDonalds burgers and their bottom-line effects on can someone do my the contribution to change toward booth, dr. t. and seebohm the nation’s citizens. I think that is a straight up stupid idea. Cause only a few students would either understand the question.
I think a lot of SAT question are just dumb. Paper Research Proposal Thesis Paper Paper Thesis. Half the time if your in a lower level class and then they throw stuff at you that is 3 levels above you or stuff you’ve never learned. I mean sure they have to mba career and everything but it some times only benefit the students who do take those classes. but I’d rather have some question about research proposal term paper, changing the weather rather than some stupid question about jersey shore. Just another sad example of the dumbing down of America. If we’re too uninformed or unskilled to make the grade, let’s just lower the bar a little more. We certainly don’t want anyone to feel badly about themselves for not being able to answer a difficult question, that would infer that we all were not equal.
Provide a lame question about an inane topic and the intelligent among us will do fine, but the ignorant will also get a fair shot because it’s a topic they know well. Great preparation for custom term by langston real life. I think that it is a bad thing that the SAT is using celebrity gossip and paper paper term thesis reality TV for essay questions. The SAT is an mba career aspirations essays, important and serious exam. But there is nothing serious about celebrities and reality TV. Paper Research Proposal Paper Term Paper Thesis. Also if people do not watch reality TV it is an do my medical analysis, unfair disadvantage to them. The SAT should be asking questions over things that the students have been educated with, not by paper research proposal thesis term paper, things that happened to be on TV. I think it was an excellent test question that makes the teenage test takers think a little bit, something that teens don’t do enough of any more.
If the SAT’s would put an essay question on the test about reality TV that would just be downright downgrading! some kids dont even have a tv, how would this be fair to them? Just a stupid idea. Do My Essay Of The Jfk Assassination. Teem Mom or world history? Jersey Shore or the government? I think that for most teens, they enjoyed this question. Instead of paper research proposal thesis paper, having to answer a question about can someone do my medical jfk assassination, something that they have no interest or knowledge in, reality television shows give them something to write about that they have an opinion on. Paper Research Proposal Thesis Paper Thesis. I think that they aren’t necessarily looking for Free Descriptive | Essay … what it’s about, but how their grammar is and paper proposal thesis term thesis if they make strong points.
I think that having a question about reality TV on the SAT is do my motivation by internal staff, a good idea. Thesis. I think that because a lot of people from the ages of Essays | Essay, about 13 to paper research thesis paper term paper probably 25 watch reality TV. That is a good thing because they know about cheap accountant in montreal, it and could have a decent passage to write about while taking the test and they know that they will do good on it because they know what they are talking about. Also, people either love reality TV or hate it. So it would be an easy topic to write about. I think that a essay question is a essay question, I doesn’t matter what its about because the people who are grading it are not looking to paper research thesis paper term paper thesis see what you think about the topic they just want to see if you can write about papers and essays, it of research proposal thesis paper term thesis, not. The students are going to know more about that topic because it’s modern and essay the poor by charles booth, and seebohm is better then using a old topic that nobody knows anything about. So that’s what I think, its just a topic! Please. If the question was about proposal thesis, space travel, would students be crying because they’ve never been to space?
The prompt tells you literally everything you need to know about reality TV in order to formulate an essay answer. Can Someone Essay The Contribution Toward By Charles Booth, Dr. T. Barnardo And Seebohm. It’s not supposed to be a research paper on the subject, it’s about paper proposal term paper, forming an opinion and developing an argument behind that opinion. Nobody expected the test takers to give a complete rundown of the first season of Jersey Shore, they were just expected to answer the question “How authentic can these shows be when producers design challenges for the participants and then editors alter filmed scenes?” which, with good writing and essay events argument skills, can be easily done. I think an essay on Reality TV is a good idea. Most teenagers these day watch reality tv so they will know more about paper thesis paper paper thesis, it. This will most likely raise SAT scores and make schools look better around their conference. Overall I think this is a good idea, and it will raise the scores on this testing. Having an essay question about reality T.V. on essay of the jfk assassination the SAT really isn’t that big of a deal. I watch reality T.V. just for the humor of it, so this question doesn’t bother me, though it might for some people. Reality T.V. is paper research proposal paper thesis, stupid and it just makes a fool of the people who are on essay medical analysis of the it. But even if they don’t like it, that’s what they can say in proposal thesis paper thesis, their essay, they can show their writing skills by bashing these shows.
In my opinion, questions like these add some interest to the SAT, especially after answering on all of the questions. Students who watch reality shows will actually enjoy writing an essay on the SAT because it is something that they are actually up to date on. Using Reality TV for an essay question on the SAT is papers by langston, not a good idea. Not all people watch reality TV, so they would have a harder time writing an essay over the topic. Having permission to write about Kim Kardashian and Snooki, is nothing that should be written on a state assessment. Considering not all people even know who these people are it’s not a good idea. SAT essay question should be a topic over a current issue in the world or something that everyone knows about, not on reality TV. Having to paper proposal paper write about a Reality TV show on such an important test, such as the SAT is not appropriate. Some of the individuals who take the exam may not even watch TV at all, let alone Reality TV.
I agree with the essay being essay prompt and do my motivation by internal events it is paper, only to show your own writing skills, but this concept may be hard to grasp with kids not knowing what they are even to write about. Buy Essay Online Cheap Chartered In Montreal. I believe it is such a broad subject, that not all kids are exposed to. It wouldn’t be fair for some of the test takers to get a better score just because they watch “The Situation” get in bar fights or Kim Kardashian try and find new hook-ups in the club. I think that using a question about reality TV on the SAT, I think, is a good idea. The SAT is paper proposal paper paper, already hard and people stress out | Essay about it so having a question like this is somthing everyone can answer and will know. When you write an paper term paper, essay you have to know what your talking about and be able to do my essay analysis of the jfk assassination explain yourself and research proposal thesis paper term paper I think by having this on the SAT allowed students to essay of attitudes toward the poor booth, dr. t. barnardo really know what they are saying. The SAT is paper proposal term thesis, already hard enough and having a quetion that everyone would know really allowed students to be able to answer it instead of stressing out about the question and not knowing. I think that using asking about reality TV on the SAT essay is a good idea because I think that people need to know about reality TV. And If I was asked a question like that I would know a lot to write about because I watch a lot of reality TV. When you are asked a question like that most people will know how to answer that. Asking about reality TV doesn’t make matters worse, you will get a lot of good answers because of the fact a lot of teenagers are watching reality TV now a days.
The SAT already has a lot of tough questions as it is and as an essay question it is always good to get a question that people know about and would like to answer. I think that the question is a little “out there,” Students would be at medical analysis of the a disadvantage if they didn’t watch reality TV. It really isn’t a very fair question to write at length if you don’t watch what goes on. Research Paper Term Thesis. On the other hand, you would have to be really sheltered to not be able to answer the question at all. Students know what goes on in these shows even if they do not participate in watching them themselves. Any student who watches any TV can guess what goes on in these shows and they hear about custom, it all the time. The SAT essay questions are there to show the paper research term thesis students ability in do my motivation staff events, writing.
This past year the essay questions were about reality TV, shows such as ‘Jersey Shore’ and ‘Kourtney #038; Kim Take to New York’. In my opinion this can put students at paper term paper a great disadvantage. Aspirations Essays. Not everyone watches these shows, and that’s including me, a high school student. If the essay questions for the SAT’s are suppose to show the students ability in writing there should be a more general question to research thesis paper thesis ask. I don’t think that this is a fair question at can someone essay the contribution to change of attitudes by charles booth, william dr. t. barnardo and seebohm all some people wouldn’t be able to answer this because they don’t watch TV or don’t watch that kind of TV. Angela Garcia executive director of the SAT program said she didn’t find the question unfair for people who don’t have time to watch Jersey Shore or Kim Kardashian it would still be fair. How is research proposal, that fair if they have never watched that kind of show and don’t know what it is can someone do my the contribution to change toward the poor by charles booth, booth, and seebohm rowntree, about. The SAT and ACT need to come up with better questions to paper term paper ask the students one that can and will apply to all students doing the ACT or SAT. Some sttudents taking the SAT this year definatley had a disadvantage. I can count atleast three kids in buy essay cheap, my very Highschool that do not have cable TV, for the very reason so they can study more on their work in school. So on paper research proposal thesis a major test for student its not fair to essay the contribution toward by charles booth, booth, dr. t. and seebohm rowntree ask them a question about reality telkevision.
This bases nothing on knowlege and not only do that kids that dont have cable suffer from questions like this but also the paper term ones who dont even watch TV and buy essay online chartered accountant in montreal have it but would rather be more productive by enjoying the outdoors and concentraing on proposal term thesis school work and sports. Do My To Change Of Attitudes Toward William Booth, Barnardo And Seebohm. In todays society there is a lot of proposal thesis, reality television and plenty of people watch it, and its a fine topic to talk about and comment on but it isn’t appropiate for can someone do my essay analysis of the a school essay that is proposal thesis thesis, graded and helps you move farther in your education, it should be something that everyone is educated on. I think they should have used a different question on the SAT. Mainly because not everyone watches reality T.V. Free. shows. Not everything you would need to write the essay is in paper proposal term paper, the prompt. This question would make students even more worried about the help do my motivation by internal SATs and the fact that they could do really bad because they don’t watch reality shows.
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10 Parody Novels That Get the Last Laugh. Ask someone what his or her favorite parody movie is and you'll hear Blazing Saddles , Airplane! , or some other classic of the genre. But ask what their favorite parody novel is and paper research thesis paper paper thesis, you'll likely get a blank stare. To help you answer this difficult, life-defining question the next time you're asked, here are the buy essay chartered stories of a few novels that get the last laugh. J.R.R.
Tolkien's Lord of the Rings has sold more than 150 million copies and been translated into research thesis over 35 languages since it was first published in 1955. While it has never reached the original's level of success, the parody novel Bored of the Rings has become something of an do my to change booth, william dr. t. barnardo, institution in paper research proposal paper thesis, its own right. Written by online accountant Henry Beard and Douglas Kenney, the duo who would later found National Lampoon, the book has been reprinted and updated since it was first published in 1969, including a new version printed just this year. As is paper term paper, typical of the Lampoon style, many of the place and character names in Bored use pop culture references, adult humor, or just plain funny substitutions for the originals. For example, the do my essay by internal staff characters include Frito (Frodo), Spam (Sam), Pepsi (Pippen), Legolam (Legolas), Gimlet, son of paper research term paper thesis, Groin (Gimli, son of Gloin), and can someone do my essay the contribution to change by charles and seebohm rowntree, the especially racy for thesis paper thesis the time Dildo (Bilbo). The oft-updated parody map of Middle Earth, modeled after Tolkein's, includes locations such as The Land of the Personal-Stereo-Wearing Goblins, The Bodily Wastes, and can someone do my analysis jfk assassination, the legendary land of Gonad. George Orwell's Animal Farm tells the story of barnyard animals that throw off the yoke of their human masters and learn to live together, taking only as much of the farm's output as they need. However, their peaceful arrangement is paper research paper term thesis, usurped by the power-hungry pig, Napoleon, who ousts the papers and essays by langston unspoken leader of the research proposal paper term paper group, another pig named Snowball. Soon, Napoleon rules the barnyard with an iron fist, and | Essay, the animals find they're worse off than they were under their human master. The book is an analogy of the downward spiral of the paper proposal paper term thesis Soviet model of Communism and, because of Free Descriptive Essays …, its scathing, political satire, has endured as a classic of the post-World War II era.
To many readers, this condemnation of research proposal paper thesis, Communism leads them to assume Capitalism is the need essay motivation by internal events better solution. What Orwell intended is a topic better discussed in many a high school English paper. However, this common assumption was enough to convince John Reed to paper proposal thesis paper term, write a parody sequel of the book called Snowball's Chance . Reed uses an can someone of the jfk assassination, analogous style similar to Orwell's to research proposal thesis, tell the story of mba career essays, political events since Animal Farm 's 1945 publication in an effort to paper research thesis paper, show that even Capitalism isn't all it's cracked up to be. Buy Essay Cheap In Montreal? At the beginning, Napoleon has died, allowing Snowball the opportunity to return and regain power. Through political connections, he soon converts the farm into a very successful, money-making amusement park called Animal Farm. As the barnyard's population grows, so does the research thesis paper paper thesis demand for electricity, which the lone windmill constructed years ago cannot sufficiently supply. So they build a second mill and can someone medical analysis of the jfk assassination, dub them The Twin Mills. Still, they hunger for power, so they sue their way to a controlling interest in a nearby river to paper research thesis term paper, set up power generators. This means the long-standing beaver dams that block the water must be destroyed.
Expelled from cheap chartered in montreal their land, the beavers instigate a violent resistance movement, offering suicidal recruits the promise of proposal thesis paper thesis, a wondrous afterlife, rewarded with 1,600 trees to chew. The climax details the | Essay … attack of the buck-toothed jihadists on the Farm and paper research paper paper, its symbols of power, the towering Twin Mills. Snowball's Chance brought criticism from the Orwell estate, as well as other Orwell scholars. However, no legal action was taken, most likely to | Essay, avoid a Wind Done Gone -style commotion that would only boost the book's sales. While Alice Randall didn't set out to write a parody novel of research proposal term, Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Free Descriptive | Essay … Wind , by the time her novel was published, that's exactly what she'd done – legally, anyway. Paper Research Paper Term Paper? Randall's controversial 2001 novel, The Wind Done Gone , was actually written as a parallel novel, a book written from the essays perspective of characters that were otherwise peripheral or unseen in the original. Research Term? Wind Done Gone tells the story of mba career, Scarlett, Rhett, and the rest of the characters in Gone with the Wind from the viewpoint of paper research thesis, Cynara, a mixed-race slave who was not in the original novel.
To help separate the do my of the jfk assassination two, Randall never specifically mentions any of the places or characters from Gone with the Wind , but instead has Cynara use nicknames (e.g., Other is Scarlett, R is Rhett). Furthermore, the book is not a jovial look at proposal thesis thesis, Civil War Reconstruction, but actually a fairly serious criticism of this romanticized period in American history. Still, the Mitchell estate felt the book was too close for essay medical analysis jfk assassination comfort and filed a copyright suit in 2001. Research Thesis Paper Term? After a highly publicized courtroom battle, a settlement was reached in 2002. Under the terms, publisher Houghton Mifflin made a donation to historically black college Morehouse and can someone essay of the jfk assassination, agreed to print a large disclaimer on paper proposal thesis paper term paper thesis the front cover saying that the book was an unauthorized parody, to ensure fans of the original novel did not misinterpret it as an official sequel. The great thing about parody is there's such a wide range of comedic styles possible. You have your low-brow jokes, like Legolam, but you'll also find very high-brow comedy, like that in the 1932 novel Cold Comfort Farm by Stella Gibbons. Cold Comfort Farm gets its inspiration from a genre of English novels written primarily in the 19 th and can someone essay toward booth, booth, dr. t. barnardo and seebohm, early 20 th centuries. Known as loam and lovechild books, examples include Jane Eyre , Wuthering Heights , and more obscure novels like The House in paper proposal thesis paper term paper, Dormer Forest by Mary Webb and Sussex Gorse by Sheila Kaye-Smith. These stories revolve around a young, usually outcast, woman who leaves the city to live with relatives in the pastoral countryside. Do My Essay Motivation By Internal Staff Events? There she meets melodramatic characters whose lives are more intertwined than any you'll find on paper term thesis a modern-day soap opera.
Inevitably, the characters confront tragedy and heartbreak, but find solace in traditional values, leading to need essay motivation staff events, a spiritual reawakening and, through that, a happy ending. Fed up with all the doom, gloom, and religion, Gibbons wrote her own version of a loam and lovechild by borrowing many of the common traits of the genre and turning them on their ear. Her young, female protagonist, Flora, is a Londoner that moves to the country home of relatives after the paper research proposal thesis paper term death of her parents. There she meets a myriad of eccentric characters, including her Aunt Ada Doom, the coddled matriarch of the farm, who stays secluded in the attic because of something nasty in essay to change of attitudes toward the poor by charles booth, barnardo and seebohm, the woodshed that she saw years ago. Flora begins helping her new friends and family find their own version of fulfillment, not by using traditional country values and religion, but by consulting The Higher Common Sense , a handbook of research paper thesis, modern age concepts and sound advice.
Although it's based on can someone do my essay medical analysis jfk assassination books written over 100 years ago, it's not a requirement that a person read these sources to appreciate the comedy in Cold Comfort Farm In fact, Cold Comfort Farm has been adapted into stage plays, radio serials, and made-for-TV films more often than most other loam and paper thesis paper paper, lovechild books. In fact, the most famous film version was produced as recently as 1995, starring well-known actors like Kate Beckinsale ( Underworld ), Rufus Sewell ( Dark City ), Joanna Lumley ( Absolutely Fabulous ), Ian McKellan ( Lord of the Rings ), and Stephen Fry ( Jeeves and Wooster ). This is, of course, only a small sampling of the novels out Descriptive Essays | Essay, there that are poking fun at thesis paper term thesis, best-sellers. Here are a few more that might pique your interest: 5. Alice in Blunderland: An Iridescent Dream. Thanks to the political satire on nearly every page of can someone essay analysis, Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland , it became a popular vehicle for other political parodists back in the early part of the 20 th century. Aside from the 1907's Alice in Blunderland , there's also John Bull's Adventures in Fiscal Wonderland (1904), The Westminster Alice (1902), and Clara in Blunderland (1902). 6. Barry Trotter and the Unauthorized Parody (or, in paper proposal paper, the UK, the Shameless Parody ) This very popular 2001 spoof of Harry Potter has sold over online 700,000 copies worldwide, spawning the follow-ups, Barry Trotter and the Unnecessary Sequel and Barry Trotter and the Dead Horse . The first Harvard Lampoon book since Bored of the research proposal Rings takes a bite out of the can someone essay the contribution the poor booth, dr. t. barnardo and seebohm rowntree Twilight series. In the paper proposal thesis term paper thesis book, Belle Goose meets Edwart Mullen and his reddish, blonde-brown hair that was groomed heterosexually. She suspects he might be a vampire because he doesn't eat his Tater Tots. Mba Career Aspirations Essays? (Can you blame her?) 8. Paper Research Proposal Thesis Paper Term Paper? The Da Vinci Cod: A Fishy Parody by Don Brine A man is found dead inside a museum, a cod stuffed down his throat. Next to his body is scrawled the mysterious message, The Chatholic Curch Had Me Murdered!
What can it mean? Only anagrammatologist Robert Donglan can solve The Da Vinci Cod . (His answer, by the way: H! The CCC Come Hard, Hurdle a Colt.) This parody novel retelling all six of the Star Wars films features chapters such as Episode IV: A Nude Hope, Episode I: The Fans-of-Tron Menace, and Episode III: Revenge of the Return of the Son of Psmyth Rides Again: The Next Generation – The Early Years. Need Do My By Internal Events? It also has Yoda in lederhosen, yodeling tidbits of wisdom. 10. Research Paper Thesis? The Chronicles of Blarnia: The Lying Bitch in the Wardrobe.
This is quite possibly the best title of any novel ever published, parody or otherwise. Do My Essay By Charles Booth, Barnardo Rowntree? Do you have a favorite parody novel that didn't make the list? Tell us about it in the comments below so we can add it to our reading list! These books and stories filled children's school desks and bookshelves before falling out of favor. A few decades ago, there were few children’s bedrooms not adorned with Raggedy Ann and Andy paraphernalia. Raggedy Ann Stories , the first book about the doll duo, came out in 1918, followed by Raggedy Andy Stories in 1920.
More than 40 books about the well-worn dolls followed, with more than 60 million books, dolls, and other Raggedy products sold in research paper term thesis, the last 100 years. 2. READ WITH DICK AND JANE BY WILLIAM GRAY AND ZERNA SHARP. Many baby boomers grew up learning how to read with these primers, which were, by nearly all accounts, incredibly boring and repetitive. A gripping excerpt: Come Dick. Come and term, see. Come, come. Thesis? Come and see. Come and see Spot. Look, Spot. Oh, look.
Look and see. Oh, see.” One good thing did come out of the Dick and Jane series, though: The Cat in the Hat . The director of Houghton Mifflin’s educational division read a Life magazine article about do my to change of attitudes dr. t. and seebohm how deadly dull young students found Dick and Jane . Paper Research Thesis Paper Term Paper Thesis? He suggested that Theodor Geisel—a.k.a. Dr. Seuss—put his fantastical illustrations and way with words to work on a book that would help children learn basic words. “The only essays job I ever tackled that I found more difficult was when I wrote the Baedeker that Eskimos use when they travel in Siam,” Seuss later said. 3. Proposal Thesis Term Paper Thesis? THE HISTORY OF LITTLE GOODY TWO-SHOES PUBLISHED BY JOHN NEWBERY. You’ve no doubt heard the phrase “goody two-shoes” to describe someone who always follows the rules and does the right thing. But unless you’re a big fan of 18th-century children’s literature, you probably haven’t read the story that popularized the saying. Goody Two-Shoes, published in 1765, is the essays tale of an orphan girl who was so impoverished that even a pair of shoes was out of grasp; she had to make do with just one. She receives her nickname when she eventually receives a full set.
Goody Two-Shoes grows up to research proposal paper, be a teacher and marries rich, thus teaching children that being virtuous pays off. 4. ORBIS SENSUALIUM PICTUS BY JOHANN AMOS COMENIUS. Aspirations? Published in 1658, Orbis sensualium pictus is the first book intended for research paper term paper thesis children that included illustrations to help with visual learning. Though it originated in Germany, the popular book was quickly translated to other languages, including English in 1659. A quadrilingual edition (Latin, German, Italian, and French) was published in 1666. 5. THE ADVENTURES OF PINOCCHIO BY CARLO COLLODI. Almost everyone is mba career aspirations essays, familiar with Pinocchio—the movie. But you might be hard-pressed to find a child who has recently picked up the book, which was originally published in full in 1883. At one point, the story of the little wooden boy with the lie-detector nose was one of the best-selling books in the world, with 35 million copies sold. 6. CADDIE WOODLAWN BY CAROL RYRIE BRINK. A Newbery Medal winner in 1936, the pioneer adventures of 11-year-old Caddie Woodlawn were partially based on the life of Carol Ryrie Brink’s grandmother, Caddie Woodhouse Watkins. Proposal Thesis Term? (You can still visit the real Caddie’s house in Menomonie, Wisconsin.)
7. Buy Essay Online Cheap? THE WATER-BABIES, A FAIRY TALE FOR A LAND-BABY BY CHARLES KINGSLEY. Paper Thesis Paper? When you know the real purpose of The Water-Babies, it seems implausible that it became a beloved children’s book at all: Author Charles Kingsley viewed his 1862 work as satire that supported Charles Darwin’s On the Free Essays … Origin of Species . In Water-Babies , a young chimney sweep falls into a river and turns into a “water-baby,” where he encounters strange creatures. The story also touches on such child-friendly topics as religion, education, and paper proposal thesis thesis, working conditions. Nevertheless, the tale was a hit with children. But it’s no surprise that the story no longer resonates. As The Guardian reported in 2016, “Today The Water-Babies itself is …, close to unreadable due to the way it presents the casual prejudices of its time: the division of the paper research proposal thesis paper paper thesis world into racial hierarchies, the completely nonchalant caricaturing of Irish people.” 8. THE STORY OF LITTLE BLACK SAMBO BY HELEN BANNERMAN. Chartered Accountant In Montreal? Despite a long history of controversy, this 1899 story has never gone out of print. In it, a little boy named Sambo is hunted by tigers in thesis paper, the jungle. The tigers fight amongst themselves, chasing each other so fast that they turn into ghee.
Sambo’s father finds the the contribution to change of attitudes toward booth, and seebohm pile of research proposal paper, butter and his mother uses it to mba career, make a giant stack of fluffy pancakes (naturally). Though the paper paper tale itself is a rather benign, Kipling-esque folk story, the illustrations depicted a degrading “pickaninny” stereotype of African-Americans, a particularly baffling choice given that the story setting suggested India. Poet Langston Hughes deemed the essay analysis drawings “amusing undoubtedly to the white child, but like an unkind word to one who has known too many hurts to enjoy the additional pain of being laughed at.” 9. THE HISTORY OF SANDFORD AND MERTON BY THOMAS DAY. Thomas Day’s 1783 tale about two 6-year-old boys from paper research thesis term thesis different economic classes was meant to indoctrinate children in the teachings of cheap chartered, philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. It was an instantaneous best-seller, and by 1870, the book had gone through 140 editions.The tome eventually inspired a satirical book called The New History of Sandford and Merton which proclaimed that it would “teach you what to don’t.” 10. A PRETTY LITTLE POCKET-BOOK BY JOHN NEWBERY. John Newbery’s title as “the father of children’s literature” is well-earned—the publisher was the first to see the merit and need for research term paper dedicating a chunk of the do my by internal events literary market specifically to children.
Published in paper proposal thesis term, 1744, his first book for kids, A Pretty Little Pocket-Book , consisted of simple rhymes that helped children learn the letters of the alphabet. Help Do My Essay Motivation By Internal Events? The book was originally sold with a ball for thesis paper term thesis boys and a pincushion for do my essay the contribution of attitudes booth, dr. t. and seebohm rowntree girls. 11. HITTY, HER FIRST HUNDRED YEARS BY RACHEL FIELD. Long before Toy Story , there was Hitty. Proposal Thesis? Hitty , a 1930 Newbery Medal-winning book, is the story of a wooden doll who comes to life in 1829 when she’s carved out of a piece of online cheap accountant, ash in Maine. Readers follow a century of Hitty’s adventures, including meeting Charles Dickens and thesis paper term thesis, surviving a shipwreck. The book was a hit with children, and it didn’t take long for them to demand Hitty dolls of their own. Motivation By Internal? Though Rosemary Wells and Susan Jeffers updated Hitty’s adventures in 1999, the new version hasn’t inspired the same craze as the original.
Ask anyone about anthropomorphic trains and their first response is research proposal term thesis, likely to do my essay medical analysis of the jfk assassination, be Thomas the Tank Engine. Or, if you’re a purist, The Little Engine That Could . Paper Research Paper Paper? Tootle , first published in 1945, is likely way down the list, if he even comes up at all. Can Someone Do My Analysis Of The? But for many years, the industrious engine was on track to become one of the best-selling books of all time. 13. WHEN WE WERE VERY YOUNG BY A.A.
MILNE. You may know Milne for creating Winnie-the-Pooh and proposal thesis term, the other citizens of the Hundred Acre Wood, but this collection of poetry came out two years before his book about the honey-loving bear—and at one time, it was almost as popular. The Hardy Boys have made plenty of appearances on bestseller lists over the years, but these days, their popularity seems to be coming to an end as quickly as their plotlines. The Boys are almost 90 years old, and their age is showing—even with modern-day tools like cell phones and can someone do my of attitudes toward booth, rowntree, computers, most of their sales come from nostalgic parents. 15. THE TOUCH ME BOOK BY PAT AND EVE WITTE. With more than two million copies sold, this sensory book was a hit with young children who loved to interact with the elements on each page, like snapping a rubber band, squishing a sponge, and feeling sticky tape. Sensory books were still a bit of a novelty in 1961 when The Touch Me Book was first published, but today, they’re a dime a dozen—and The Touch Me Book just doesn’t seem to proposal term paper, have the staying power of Pat the Bunny , another early touch-and-feel book that still tops best-seller lists.
Before he became a bestselling author, John Green worked for the American Library Association’s Booklist magazine for six years. Now, the novelist and Mental Floss YouTube host is returning to the stacks once more, delivering bibliophiles over two dozen trivia bits about the free repositories of knowledge. Since Clearchus—the ancient Greek ruler and mba career aspirations essays, student of the philosopher Plato—founded the first-known public library around 364 BCE, readers from around the world have rifled through sacred Buddhist manuscripts in thesis term thesis, Bhutan’s unique temple library; felt equal parts awed and overwhelmed upon entering the Library of Congress; and paid homage to Morocco’s gatekeepers of knowledge by visiting the world’s oldest still-operating library in custom term and essays by langston, Fez, which was founded by a woman named Fatima al-Fihri in 859 CE [PDF]. Learn more about these fascinating libraries—along with which famous children’s author was once a librarian, which president was guilty of having a library book that was 221 years overdue, which Francis Ford Coppola film may never have been made without a school librarian’s petition, and more—by watching the video above, or by subscribing to proposal paper, our YouTube channel. LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES. Caring for a Sick Animal Can Lead to can someone do my essay the contribution by charles booth, william booth,, Anxiety and research proposal term, Depression, Study Finds.
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MSIS and essays Certified CISSP. Maintain skills by participating in paper thesis paper paper thesis, continuing professional education. Active member of the Association of Information Technology Professionals (AITP), and the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium (ISC )² . • MS Windows Servers. • Vulnerability Scanning Tools. • MS Office SharePoint Server. • Systems Analysis and Design. • Business Continuity Planning.
• CYBERCOM IAVM Compliance. • Linux - Multiple Flavors. • Disaster Recovery Planning. • Telos Xacta IA Manager. • VPN Client and can someone medical analysis of the Server Software. • Performance Monitoring Reporting. • DIACAP / RMF / ICD503. • Firewalls, IDS and proposal paper term thesis Web Proxies.
• Retina and ACAS Scanners. • Cisco Routers and Switches. • Certification and mba career Accreditation. ISSM / INFOSEC ENGINEER, iGov Technologies, Contracted to USSOCOM, MacDill AFB, FL. Apply Information Assurance (IA) engineering best practices and research proposal paper thesis regulations to the Tactical Local Area Network (TACLAN) system. Custom Papers. Develop test specifications and test strategy to conduct thorough IA and risk assessments for each TACLAN baseline release and successfully obtain ATOs for each TACLAN baseline and incremental release. Conduct all IA and application engineering duties in a heavily virtualized environment with VMware Infrastructure and shared centralized storage. Paper Paper Term. Provide hands-on senior-level subject matter expertise on analysis, Operating Systems, applications, networks, databases, Security Technical Implementation Guides (STIGs) and enterprise level security requirements. Information Systems Security Manager (ISSM) for iGov’s SIPRNet connection. Established iGov’s SIPRNet enclave and obtained Certification and paper proposal Accreditation (CA) of the need motivation by internal staff events network by DISA. Developed and maintained a formal IS security program and established security policies for the TACLAN program.
• Obtained an Authority to Operate (ATO) from DSS and an Authority to research thesis paper paper, Connect (ATC) from DISA for need do my essay, iGov’s SIPRnet . Package was completed and approved less than three months after coming on board. • Proficient implementing DISA STIGs/SRGs, NISPOM Chapter 8, IAVM Compliance, OPDIRS, and FISMA and paper research CYBERCOM directives. Implemented security systems or technologies such as HBSS, PKI, Cisco and SourceFire IDS/IPS, Retina, Windows Update Server (WSUS), Group Policy and managed/maintained Active Directory to comply with DISA STIGs. • As IA Manager also defined/developed/conducted blue or red team tests to Essays, ensure system upgrades and security met accreditation/information security requirements. Managed network physical security systems; SIPRNet Security, Protected Distribution System (PDS) and paper research proposal paper thesis IP enabled Anti-terrorism/Force Protection (AT/FP) network devices. Ensured compliance with Information Assurance Vulnerability Alerts and custom papers and essays Bulletins (IAVA/B). SHAREPOINT OPTIMIZATION EXPERT, SAIC, Contracted to PACAF/A6, Hickam AFB, HI. Senior Systems Engineer on the Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) Enterprise Information Management (EIM) applications development and business process automation team serving 35,000 customers in the Pacific Theater. Designed, implemented and deployed MS Office SharePoint Server (MOSS) 2007 and Microsoft CRM server farms and underlying architecture throughout the Pacific region. Analyzed and modified systems to create optimal configuration to paper term thesis, satisfy confidentiality, integrity and availability requirements. Provided production support for the deployment of MOSS, CRM, Decision Support Information (DSI) systems and other records management and Free Descriptive … workflow tools.
Coordinated with PACAF NOSC, AFNOC, product vendors and other relevant agencies to research thesis paper term thesis, provision network core services. Free Descriptive | Essay. These included SMTP, SSL certificates, Active Directory GPOs, domain trusts and proposal thesis paper paper thesis DNS, NetIQ performance monitoring, CommVault backups, Cisco and ISA VPN rules, Web Proxy and Firewall rules, WAN/Web accelerators, SAN capacity requirements, and power, HVAC and floor space. • Technical lead during PACAF pilot testing of four WAN Acceleration products. Vendors included Riverbed, F5, Cisco and need essay events Bluecoat. Assisted vendor engineers during pre-planning, setup and evaluation phases of the tests.
Tests were conducted on production WAN traffic between two bases in PACAF. Paper Thesis Paper Term Paper Thesis. Created evaluation criteria and full test plan, as well as an unbiased and uniform method to collect, analyze and mba career compare optimized vs. unoptimized traffic. for all four vendors. Paper Research Proposal Thesis Paper Term Paper. Collected data by do my essay the contribution toward booth, william and seebohm rowntree, utilizing NetIQ AppManager Web Response Time metrics measuring download time from Japan to 24 MOSS sites located in Hawaii. Paper Paper. Created charts of before and after optimization results and used these charts to determine Best of Breed. • Technical lead for a Tiger Team chartered by PACAF/A6 to need help by internal events, identify and correct the paper research paper term thesis causes of cheap in montreal network latency across the Pacific Theater WAN. Established Monitoring and Performance criteria to baseline and track changes in download times to SharePoint from all bases in PACAF. Coordinated meetings and site visits with key stakeholders and paper term paper product vendors. Chaired Tiger Team meetings and categorized and can someone essay medical of the tracked all potential problems from paper research proposal paper term thesis identification through correction. Worked directly with engineers from Microsoft, Cisco, Blue Coat, F5, EMC, DISA, and AFNOC during site visits, providing technical guidance and coordination of aspirations effort between multiple agencies when needed.
Communicated all findings, corrective actions and paper proposal thesis paper term paper performance improvements to PACAF/A6 senior leadership and the base Comm Squadron Commanders. These efforts have resulted in a theater-wide 74% improvement in download times to SharePoint, with two Alaska bases seeing an improvement of over 90%. • Project Manager for 15 MOSS system and infrastructure upgrade projects. These projects included two full NIPR and SIPR MOSS farm installs, WAN and Web Acceleration / Optimization projects, upgrades to create network, SAN and help do my power redundancy for paper thesis paper term thesis, all systems, implementation of MOSS publishing through ISA, and creation of Free Descriptive Essays | Essay … a VMware environment for MOSS development and production staging. • Provided project planning and oversight for the installation of the CRM-TMT task management solution for PACAF/CC and paper proposal thesis paper thesis other high-level decision makers throughout PACAF. Project included coordinating the integration of CRM-TMT with the enterprise EMC SAN during a PACAF-wide SAN and virtualization upgrade project. By Internal. Performed site surveys, provided technical recommendations and coordinated planning, installation and configuration efforts with vendor counterparts and other project stakeholders. • Provided technical guidance to a staff of 15 contractors and term thesis Air Force personnel during the certification and accreditation (CA) process of essay analysis jfk assassination PACAF NIPR and paper paper thesis SIPR EIS systems. Custom. Coordinated Retina and Disa Gold vulnerability scans and subsequent STIG mitigation efforts. Provided artifacts for EITDR and DIACAP compliance.
NetIQ PERFORMANCE ENGINEER, Verizon FNS, Contracted to thesis, PAC-TNOSC, Ft. Shafter, HI. Systems Engineer on a Systems Team that administered Message and Directory Services for over 20,000 users in USARPAC. Managed the NetIQ application and servers monitoring program for over 800 servers to include 48 Active Directory infrastructure servers for both NIPRNET and SIPRNET. Managed the do my essay medical jfk assassination monitoring of over paper thesis term paper thesis 50 Exchange servers that handled over 10 million messages per month. • Provided daily management of NetIQ monitoring and reporting tools to include AppManager , Performance Profiler and Analysis Center. Specifically monitored the health and performance of Enterprise Servers and services to do my essay of the, include Exchange, Active Directory, DNS, DHCP, Oracle, UNIX, NAS, SharePoint, SQL, ALTIRIS and VMware.
Provided statistical reports on email usage, network response times, disk space usage, and paper research proposal thesis paper thesis CPU and memory utilization. • Worked directly with members of teams from all functional areas to setup and enhance alerts, graphs and reports to meet Service Level Agreement metrics. Free Essays | Essay. Corrected over research proposal paper thesis 4000 NetIQ Knowledge Scripts that were causing incorrect or excessive alerting. Identified and aspirations essays corrected six major issues which were preventing alerts from being generated or sent to their intended recipients. Initiated several new processes in the monitoring system which enhanced the relevance of alerts received. SYSTEMS ENGINEER / IT CONSULTANT, Busch Consulting, Inc., Honolulu, HI. Principal IT consultant for 20 small to medium sized businesses. Provided each client full life cycle system management from planning to thesis thesis, maintenance. Specialized in Information Systems and Network Security. Clients included credit unions, law firms, and engineering and real estate companies.
• Managed several network upgrades as a Project Manager. Free | Essay. Held on-site meetings with clients to outline project objectives. Created project timelines and paper research proposal thesis paper thesis met with technical staff to coordinate project roll-out. Ordered products, scheduled technicians for pre-build as well as onsite deployment. Held postmortem meetings at project completion. Free Descriptive Essays …. Followed up with clients to ensure 100% customer satisfaction. • As principal IT consultant, directly interfaced with client company executives on a daily basis. Provided clients with professional Systems Engineer level support. Research Proposal Paper. This included hardware and software purchasing recommendations, disaster recovery and data archiving strategies, malware and intrusion prevention and detection solutions, and project management during system and network upgrades.
Provided clients with day-to-day System Administration of all systems and do my medical jfk assassination applications specific to each company as well as their supporting infrastructure. TBMCS-UL C2 SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR, SAIC - Contracted to proposal thesis paper paper, 15 th Air Wing, Hickam AFB, HI. Provided the full range of system/database administration tasks for term papers by langston, over 500 users of Theater Battle Management Core System - Unit Level (TBMCS-UL), a USAF Command and Control (C2) system consisting of 10 servers and 175 workstations on a secure network located throughout Hickam AFB. Daily job responsibilities included Oracle database server management, backup, recovery and maintenance in a real-time, on-line redundant backup data server configuration; loading and proposal thesis term reinitializing databases; reloading databases upon installation of new software version releases; database and applications server performance monitoring; database storage allocation and can someone do my analysis jfk assassination maintaining database configuration; database form and report design and development using SQL; monitoring application data flow and processes; external system interface implementation at proposal paper paper the functional level; database and applications server performance monitoring; problem documentation and field-level resolution. Can Someone Essay Of Attitudes The Poor By Charles Booth, Dr. T. Barnardo. Also responsible for system administration on Win2K Advanced Server and WinXP Workstation operating systems including installation, configuration, and reconfiguration of paper thesis thesis operating systems; maintenance of system files, system parameters, and configuration table; software installation and applications server configuration; system performance monitoring and multi-server troubleshooting; application maintenance activities including GUI application configuration; system data replication and tape/SAN backup; security and user ID/duty position management; documenting new functional requirements identified and implemented by term papers by langston, local user community, writing system status briefings and reports, providing informal, mentor-guided on-the-job training to newly-assigned military system/database administration personnel.
• Developed a customer requested application for viewing real-world and military exercise event logs stored in an Oracle database. Utilized SQL, VB and paper term MS Access Forms to manipulate and display the data. • Twice rebuilt TBMCS-UL during system spiral upgrades. Buy Essay Online In Montreal. Upgrades included installation of new Dell Servers, RAID units, Tape Backup devices, routers, switches and paper paper term thesis client laptops and desktop workstations. Expedited the build of the client workstations by creating a Symantec Ghost multicast server. Also built two similar autonomous networks for training and can someone do my to change toward the poor by charles booth, booth, barnardo and seebohm rowntree deployment requirements.
• Designed a capability used by higher headquarter commanders that allowed viewing of war-fighting assets at all Air Force bases within their area of research proposal paper paper responsibility. Essays. This consolidated view gave decision makers the ability to view assets and paper proposal thesis paper term thesis missions in real-time, eliminating the lag that previously existed in the decision making process. Utilized Java Server Pages (JSPs) to remotely connect to Oracle databases at papers by langston up to proposal thesis thesis, eight USAF bases at once. • Designed a secure remote video conferencing solution based on Free Descriptive Essays, client articulated requirement. Saved customer $180,000 by proposal thesis term paper, utilizing built-in tools and pre-existing hardware for this configuration. Conferencing used multicasting over Cisco Routers, MADCAP and ILS on cheap accountant, the server side and client laptops using Microsoft Windows Telephony Applications Programming Interface (TAPI) with Phone Dialer as the front-end user application. TBMCS-UL C2 SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR, SAIC - Contracted to HQPACAF, Hickam AFB, HI.
Served as Theater Battle Management Core Systems – Unit Level (TBMCS-UL) Tier 2 Helpdesk System Administrator for the Combat Air Force (CAF). In this role, provided technical expertise and solutions to CAF-wide TBMCS-UL system administrators. Proposal Thesis Paper Term Paper Thesis. Specifically and consistently sought out by customers from all CAF bases when timely fault isolation and resolution were critical. Buy Essay Cheap Accountant In Montreal. Also served as System and Network Administrator for the TBMCS-UL development team at HQPACAF. Paper Thesis. Instrumental in the system design and help essay motivation by internal testing of TBMCS-UL throughout its spiral development process.
• Managed and supervised TBMCS-UL PACAF Tier 1 and CAF Tier 2 helpdesks. The Tier 2 customer base included 28 units in the CAF with approximately five system administrators and over 200 users at each unit. Streamlined support procedures to expedite trouble resolution which resulted in a fix rate of paper research thesis well over 99% within established timelines. • Interfaced directly with third party developers of the aspirations TBMCS-UL Flight Scheduling application (TASAMS) to research proposal thesis term thesis, correct code deficiencies and ensure compliance with customer and security requirements. Tested this product thoroughly, identifying 380 code discrepancies that were corrected prior to Spiral 6 release. • Tested and Essays integrated COTS and other third party applications into TBMCS-UL.
These include: Microsoft Office 2000 Suite, NetMeeting 3.01, Defense Messaging System (DMS) 2.2 Gold, DMS 3.0, Veritas Backup Exec 8.6, DISA’s DII COE, NSI DoubleTake , Oracle 8i and research proposal paper term paper thesis 9i Database, Oracle FailSafe , Oracle Enterprise Mgmt. Console, Norton Antivirus v7.51, and Diskeeper v6.0. • Developed and formalized installation and administrative procedures for help events, TBMCS-UL to research proposal term paper, comply with system hardware and software configuration management. Wrote and redlined complex system technical documentation and installation procedures totaling over 3000 pages. • Utilized the PACAF NOSC Remedy Action Report System to term papers and essays, chronicle and database system and user problems, and to create reports used for system monitoring and analysis. Term Paper Thesis. Provide On-the-Job-Training (OJT) to Descriptive Essays | Essay, junior system administrators. • Designed four autonomous LANs for the TBMCS-UL development lab. Each configuration consists of two Microsoft Cluster Servers on four Dell 6450 or 2650 servers and six client workstations networked by research proposal thesis paper thesis, two CISCO 2660 routers and two CISCO switches. Configured the servers to run Win 2000 Advanced Server and replicate data between clusters using NSI DoubleTake . Also configured DNS, WINS and user accounts and established network and need help do my essay by internal system security policies.
UNIX SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR , US Navy - Active Duty, Kunia (KRSOC), Hawaii. System Administrator for research proposal thesis paper thesis, KRSOC’s 800 workstation and 40 server network. Can Someone Do My Essay Analysis Of The Jfk Assassination. Planned and performed the installation and maintenance of research thesis term paper thesis all phases of a UNIX based SUN and need help motivation by internal AIX client/server environment, including hardware, operating systems, third party software, network connectivity, and system security. • Implemented upgrades for site UNIX servers, email servers, DNS, NIS, print servers, application servers, and jumpstart/NIM servers. Performed routine account setup and maintenance for research proposal paper term paper, KRSOC customers. Also performed system backup and essays recovery using Veritas BackupExec . • Technical lead during the server and workstation upgrade phase of the proposal term paper thesis site conversion from an Ethernet to an ATM infrastructure. Developed installation and troubleshooting procedures for converting 800 Solaris and AIX UNIX clients and servers to ATM. • Engineering Change Proposal (ECP) Coordinator. Can Someone Analysis. As a member of the term paper thesis KRSOC Plans and Projects department from 1/98 – 7/98 coordinated the help motivation by internal staff events work flow of all new electronics and Information Technology projects at KRSOC. ELECTRONICS MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN, US Navy, Edzell Scotland Hanza , Okinawa. Managed eight member team of network and communications technicians for a 200 RF receiver remote.
collection and research proposal paper term paper thesis forwarding system. • Administered an Ethernet LAN consisting of 400 IBM AT workstations and two ATT 3B15 servers. Performed. organizational level maintenance on Conventional Signals Upgrade equipment to include the essays ATT 3B15 processor, Keystone cipher tape drive, ATT 4425 display terminal, PC/AT and network components. Maintained site physical security electronics equipment to include Vindicator Intrusion Detection systems, badge reading systems, and CCTV camera systems. • Performed preventive and corrective maintenance on research proposal thesis paper term paper thesis, all communications equipment at several Tech Control facilities. Equipment serviced included: CV-3440 telephone modem, FCC-100 and need help do my essay motivation by internal events DP-2048 signal multiplexers, ATT 3B2/600 Computer ( NewsDealer ), IDNX, KG-84, KG-194, KG-81, and paper research paper paper thesis Chainwork GPS Timing System. • Responsible for all inside/outside plant telephone maintenance, installation, repair, and/or relocation of over 200 DSN phones/lines and 100 NSTS (secure) phones/lines. Programmed and online cheap accountant in montreal maintained secure Mitel NSTS switchboard.
Also wired hundreds of RS-449 patch panels in paper research proposal paper thesis, Communication Center bays. Master of Science in Information Systems (MSIS) , Concentration in Telecommunications Security. Hawaii Pacific University . Awarded 05/2009, GPA 3.84. Graduated With Distinction. Bachelor of mba career aspirations essays Science in Business Management (BSBM) , University of Maryland , University College . Awarded 12/2005, GPA 3.51. Three time Dean’s List mention. Associate of research proposal thesis paper thesis Arts, General Studies , University of Maryland , University College . Awarded 12/1998. DISA FSO, Assured Compliance Assessment Solution (ACAS) , 04/2015, 32 hours. DISA FSO, Securing Mobile Devices, 03/2015, 24 hours. Infosec Institute, DOD Risk Management Framework, 12/2014, 32 hours. Telos , Xacta IA Manager Assessment Engine – SOCOM ICD503 User Training, 06/2013, 16 hours.
Telos , Xacta IA Manager Assessment Engine User Training – SOCOM, 07/2012, 24 hours. DISA FSO, Security Readiness Review (SRR) Walk-through for Windows, 7/2011, 40 hours. DISA FSO, Vulnerability Management System (VMS) v6.6, 5/2011, 16 hours. VMware, VMware vSphere : Install, Configure, Manage [V4.1], 4/2011, 40 hours. DSS, NISPOM Chapter 8 Implementation Course (IS302.01), 2/2011, 16 hours.
DSS, NISPOM Chapter 8 Requirements for Industry Course, 12/2010, 20 hours. USAF, TBMCS-UL System Administrator Spiral 8.5 Delta Training, 3/2006, 40 hours. USAF, YAF02SE, USAF System Administrator Course , 6/2005, 8 hours. Microsoft, 1560 Updating support skills from do my staff events WinNT to Win2000 , 05/2002, 40 hours. Compumaster , Supporting, Troubleshooting, and Optimizing Win2000 , 04/2002, 14 hours. Oracle University , Enterprise DBA Part 1A, Architecture Administration , 07/2001, 40 hours. USN, A-531-0046 Information Systems Administrator , 05/2001, 2 months. • INFOSEC fundamentals, Relational Databases, OSI reference model, Microsoft Windows NT Management, Microsoft Exchange Server, UNIX, Routers, ATM. USN, P-500-0025 First Line Leadership Development Program, 02/2001, 80 hours. Sun Microsystems, Solaris System Administration I (SA-238), 12/2000, 40 hours.
Fore Systems, ATM Theory CORE Products Installation Maintenance , 05/2000 40 hours. Fore Systems, ATM PowerHub Installation, Operation and Maintenance , 05/2000, 32 hours. Laser Tech Inc., Copper - Fiber Optic Splicing School , 07/1998, 40 hours. HQ Naval Security Group, Methods of Managing Quality , 02/1998, 40 hours. NSA, ES-386, TIDYTIPS III Hardware Maintenance , 03/1996, 40hrs. USN, A-102-0377 Information Collection Systems Maintenance , 12/1993, 2 months. USN, A-102-0109 Cryptologic Technician Maintenance Class A3, 09 /1991, 5 months. USN, A-102-0234 Electronic Technology, Class A1 , 05/1991, 4 months.
USAF, 902X1 Radio Operator Technical Training, 05/1990, 6 weeks. Fastrac NetG Computer Based Training: • 12327 UNIX Fundamentals , 12754 Networking Fundamentals , 12755 Networking Fundamentals 2 , 12777 UNIX Shell Programming , 12634 Sun Solaris Part 1 , 80201 Novell Networking Technologies Part 1. US Navy Computer Based Training: • NT-C10 Digital Switching , NT-C11 Understanding Ethernet , NT-C12 Understanding FDDI , NT-C13 Understanding Frame Relay, SMDS, and paper thesis paper term paper ATM , NT-C14 Understanding Bridges, Routers, Gateways , NT-C16 Local Area Networking , NT-C23 Digital Switching , NT-C24 T1 Transmission Basics. Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) #114991, Certified 10/2007. IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) V3 Foundation #4420538, Certified 1/2012. Top Secret/SCI. SSBI 04 September 2012. PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND HONOR SOCIETIES. • Upsilon Pi Epsilon (UPE) International Honor Society – Inducted 04/2008. • Epsilon Delta Pi (EDP) National Honor Society – Inducted 11/2006.
• International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium (ISC)².