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aztec essay The Aztecs/Mexicas were the native American people who dominated northern México at the time of the Spanish conquest led by Hernan CORTES in the early 16th century. Statement! According to their own legends, they originated from a place called Aztlan, somewhere in north or northwest Mexico. At that time the Aztecs (who referred to themselves as the Mexica or Tenochca) were a small, nomadic, Nahuatl-speaking aggregation of online religions essay tribal peoples living on the margins of civilized Mesoamerica. Sometime in the 12th century they embarked on job satisfaction thesis statement a period of wandering and in the 13th century settled in paper online the central basin of México. Thesis! Continually dislodged by the small city-states that fought one another in shifting alliances, the Aztecs finally found refuge on small islands in Lake Texcoco where, in 1325, they founded the town of TENOCHTITLAN (modern-day Mexico City).
The term Aztec, originally associated with the migrant Mexica, is today a collective term, applied to all the peoples linked by trade, custom, religion, and language to these founders. Online! Fearless warriors and pragmatic builders, the Aztecs created an empire during the 15th century that was surpassed in size in the Americas only by that of the Incas in Peru. As early texts and modern archaeology continue to reveal, beyond their conquests and many of statement their religious practices, there were many positive achievements: the formation of a highly specialized and stratified society and an imperial administration. the expansion of a trading network as well as a tribute system. the development and maintenance of a sophisticated agricultural economy, carefully adjusted to the land. the cultivation of an write similarities between edgar allan poe and alfred, intellectual and religious outlook that held society to be an integral part of the cosmos. Statement! The yearly round of rites and ceremonies in the cities of Tenochtitlan and neighboring Tetzcoco, and cheap essay, their symbolic art and architecture, gave expression to an ancient awareness of the interdependence of nature and humanity. The Aztecs remain the most extensively documented of all Amerindian civilizations at the time of European contact in job satisfaction thesis statement the 16th century. Spanish friars, soldiers, and historians and scholars of Indian or mixed descent left invaluable records of all aspects of life. These ethnohistoric sources, linked to modern archaeological inquiries and studies of ethnologists, linguists, historians, and art historians, portray the formation and flourishing of a complex imperial state. Clockwise, the days of the Aztec Calendar are as follows: Twenty Days of the Aztec Month Snake - Coatl Lizard - Cuetzpallin House - Calli Wind - Ehecatl Crocodile - Cipactli Flower - Xochitl Rain - Quiahuitl Flint - Tecpatl Movement - Ollin Vulture - Cozcacuauhtli Eagle - Cuauhtle Jaguar - Ocelotl Cane - Acatl Herb - Malinalli Monkey - Ozomatli Hairless Dog - Itzquintli Water - Atl Rabbit - Tochtli Deer - Mazatl Skull - Miquiztli. CENTEOTL, the corn god.
COATLICUE - She of the Serpent Skirt. EHECATL, the god of wind. HUEHUETEOTL, the old, old deity, was one of the names of the cult of fire, among the oldest in Mesoamerica. The maintenance of fires in the temples was a principal priestly duty, and the renewal of fire was identified with the renewal of time itself. HUITZILOPOCHTLI, (the war/sun god and special guardian of Tenochtitlan) the deified ancestral warrior-hero, was the Mexica-Aztec patron par excellence. His temple (next to that of Tlaloc) on the Main Pyramid was the buy essay online cheap comparative religions essay, focus of fearsome sacrifices of prisoners captured by Aztec warriors. Victims' heads were strung as trophies on a great rack, the Tzompantli, erected in the precinct below. MICTLANTECUHTLE, god of the dead.
OMETECUHLTI and his wife OMECIHUATL created all life in the world. QUETZALCOATL, (the god of civilization and learning) quetzal (feather) serpent, had dozens of associations. It was the name of job satisfaction statement a deity, a royal title, the name of a legendary priest-ruler, a title of high priestly office. But its most fundamental significance as a natural force is buy research online ancient, symbolized by the sculpture of a coiled plumed serpent rising from a base whose underside is statement, carved with the symbols of the earth deity and Tlaloc. The image of the serpent rising from the earth and buy research paper ancient, bearing water on its tail is explained in the Nahuatl language by a description of Quetzalcoatl in terms of the rise of statement a powerful thunderstorm sweeping down, with wind raising dust before bringing rain. TEZCATLIPOCA, (god of Night and get someone write between edgar allan poe and alfred hitchcock, Sorcery) Smoking Mirror (obsidian), characterized as the job satisfaction, most powerful, supreme deity, was associated with the notion of destiny. His cult was particularly identified with royalty, for Tezcatlipoca was the object of the lengthy and reverent prayers in online rites of kingship.
TLALOC, the rain deity, belonged to another most memorable and universal cult of statement ancient Mexico. The name may be Aztec, but the idea of a storm god especially identified with mountaintop shrines and life-giving rain was certainly as old as Teotihuacan. The primary temple of buy essay online comparative religions this major deity was located atop Mt. Tlaloc, where human victims were sacrificed to fertilize water-rocks within the sacred enclosure. In Tenochtitlan another Tlaloc temple shared the platform atop the dual Main Pyramid, a symbolic mountain. TONATIUH, the statement, sun, was perceived as a primary source of life whose special devotees were the warriors. The warriors were charged with the mission to provide the sun with sacrificial victims.
A special altar to the sun was used for sacrifices in coronation rites, a fact that signifies the importance of the deity. The east-west path of the help essay what it is like to be, sun determined the principal ritual axis in the design of Aztec cities. TONANTZIN, honored grandmother, was among the many names of the female earth-deity. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement! TEZCATLIPOCA, an all-powerful god; Tonatiuh, the sun god. Paper …! XILONEN, young maize ear, and Chicomecoatl, seven serpent, were principal deities of maize representing the job satisfaction, chief staple of help do my it is a teenager Mesoamerican peoples. XIPE TOTEC, the god of springtime and job satisfaction statement, regrowth. XIUHTECUHTLE the fire god. The following is a list of Aztec Emperors: (He who decends like an eagle.) Cuauhtemoc, c.1495-1525, became ruler of the AZTECS in 1521, during the siege of TENOCHTITLAN, and led the final desperate resistance of that city against the Spanish conquistadors.
After weeks of street fighting, he surrendered to paper artifacts Hernan CORTES. This act marked the end of the Aztec empire and the beginning of Spanish dominion in Mexico. Cuauhtemoc was first treated kindly by the Spanish, then imprisoned and tortured, and finally hanged during Cortes's march to Honduras, on a charge of job satisfaction thesis plotting treachery. A tomb below the county, church at his birthplace, Ixcateopan in Guerrero, is job satisfaction statement, said to contain his remains, but not all scholars accept this attribution.
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Research in Brain Function and Learning. Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, PhD, LP, ABPdN, University of job satisfaction, Minnesota Medical School. The brain begins to mature even before birth. Although it continues to mature throughout most of life, the brain does not mature at the same rate in each individual. This should not be surprising.
After all, our bodies grow at different rates — we reach puberty at different ages and our emotional maturity at cheap comparative religions, different times as well. Why should our brains be any different? Just because you have a classroom full of students who are about the same age doesn't mean they are equally ready to learn a particular topic, concept, skill, or idea. It is important for teachers and parents to understand that maturation of the brain influences learning readiness. Thesis! For teachers, this is homelessness county especially important when designing lessons and selecting which strategies to use. As a teacher, all children need to be challenged and job satisfaction, nurtured in order to profit from your instruction. Instruction that is above or below the maturity level of write between allan, a child's brain is not only inappropriate; it can also lead to behavior problems in statement, your classroom. Inappropriate behaviors — such as avoidance, challenging authority and aggression towards other students — can be explained by a failure to match instruction to the brain maturity of your students. You should also know that all brain functions do not mature at the same rate . A young child with highly advanced verbal skills may develop gross and fine motor control more slowly and have trouble learning to write clearly. Another child may be advanced physically but not know how to manage his/her social skills.
Others may be cognitively advanced but show emotional immaturity. For all of these reasons, it is important to understand how our brains mature as well as the differences that may be present at each stage of normal development. The recommendations below are supported by evidence. Be aware of developmental differences among your students. These differences have implications for behaviors that students display in your classroom. Understand that normal development varies widely within the same age and the same grade. Our educational system is set up for the convenience of teaching large numbers of children in a grade-level classroom. The age for entrance into a particular grade is not necessarily linked to brain maturity for all children. Paper Thesis Paper Thesis! Although you do not determine which children are in your class, you should be sensitive to the variety of developmental levels presented in your classroom.
Be aware that children who are born prematurely may not be at the same developmental level as others of their chronological age. Children who are born more than 8 weeks early may not catch up to their peers until they are 3 or 4 years old. Although premature children over the age of 4 are often indistinguishable from children who were not premature, there may be prematurely born children who continue to show delays. Be aware of thesis, this possibility when discussing a child's progress with his/her parents. - Adjusting his/her pace of school work. - Receiving a more overt display of understanding and encouragement by his/her teacher. Don't assume that a child has a disability just because his/her learning is delayed.
Be aware that the development of cognitive and other skills is often uneven. Don't assume that delays a child is showing today will get better over time. If a child does not improve his/her progress, it is important to gather more information and then refer the paper proposal, child for job satisfaction thesis, further evaluation if indicated. Don't adopt a one-size-fits-all approach. Experienced teachers vary skills and similarities between edgar allan poe and alfred hitchcock, activities for different students within a grade. Some of this variability works because of the different life experiences of children and job satisfaction thesis statement, some works because of differences in brain maturity.
But, for either reason, variety is a good thing. Don't place children in research proposal thesis term paper, groups based solely on age. For some children, learning to read is a struggle. Many are not ready to statement, learn to read until they are seven years old, while others are ready at age four. (This may be particularly true for boys.) Social maturity does not correlate with other learning skills. Both social and learning characteristics need to buy essay online essay, be addressed separately to thesis, determine appropriate placement. Don't judge ability based on paper proposal thesis paper term paper, physical appearance. It's very important not to judge children based on their physical appearance. Children who are taller and/or more physically mature may not be cognitively advanced. And children with cerebral palsy often have average to above average ability despite significant problems with motor and speech production.
Children learn in different ways. And although the maturity of the brain is an thesis, important factor when it comes to learning differences, the real story is more complicated than that. The way children learn depends on age, level of development and write between allan alfred, brain maturity. Job Satisfaction Statement! Learning differences are also related to need help essay it is like, genetics, temperament and environment, but in this module we will focus on job satisfaction thesis statement, how and when the paper research proposal thesis thesis, brain matures. Different brain structures mature at different rates and job satisfaction thesis, follow different paths, but maturation begins long before birth. As a fetus grows, nerve cells (neurons) travel to their eventual locations within the brain. The survival of any one neuron is not guaranteed. There is competition among neurons for limited space and those that do not find a home — a place where they can live and thrive — are pruned back and destroyed.
It is not yet known why some neurons find a home and Environment/Recycling term paper …, others do not, but after a neuron settles down it continues to grow and develop within its region of the brain. When pruning does not happen or is incomplete, disorders in learning and/or behavior can be the result. Development of the brain from 25 days to job satisfaction, 9 months: At birth, both motor and sensory systems of the brain are already up and running. A newborn infant has enough motor control to feed and to between edgar allan poe and alfred hitchcock, move away from painful or other unpleasant stimuli.
Although visual and thesis, auditory systems are present at birth, they continue to develop in the first few months of life as the brain reacts to the environment (Carlson, 2014). In healthy children, motor and sensory systems continue to county, develop during toddlerhood and the preschool years. Job Satisfaction Thesis! Auditory and buy essay online cheap religions, visual skills improve during this time too. Since brain development after birth is influenced by inputs from the environment, and because those inputs are unique to job satisfaction, each child, every human brain is unique. Note: Inputs from the buy essay online cheap comparative religions essay, environment are not always a good thing. Children born prematurely are thought to associate the initial noise and clatter around them as painful. Job Satisfaction Statement! Research indicates that a quiet environment allows these children to catch up as their neurons make connections (Rothbart et al., 2003). Although the proposal paper term thesis, age at which a child is ready to statement, learn a specific skill becomes hard-wired as the brain develops, learning itself is homelessness essay also environmentally determined. For example, a child is ready to job satisfaction, learn to read when his or her auditory system is developmentally ready to distinguish one sound from another. But if reading instruction is not provided, or if the child's parents do not enrich the environment by reading to him or her, learning to read will be delayed.
Conversely, a child whose auditory system is not ready when reading instruction is provided will also be delayed in learning to read. The ability to read is also enhanced by the development of the auditory cortex and the development of skills involved in remembering what is taught and research proposal thesis paper term paper, applying that knowledge to real problems. Note: A key predictor of reading readiness is a child's ability to job satisfaction, understand rhyming (Semrud-Clikeman, 2006). This ability translates into paper, skills in understanding how sounds differ and in turn predicts a child's success with phonics instruction. At every stage of development, it is important to give children age-appropriate tasks. But, be careful when you combine tasks. One age-appropriate task plus another age-appropriate task doesn't necessarily make for an age-appropriate experience.
For example: In the early grades, children learn how to coordinate fine motor skills and visual skills. Job Satisfaction Thesis! They are able to copy letters and figures they see. Although this simple task is automatic for you, it takes a lot of concentration for them. Therefore, a child should not be asked to copy items from the blackboard and solve problems at the same time unless the act of Environment/Recycling …, copying has become automatic. During the early elementary years, fibers continue to grow between neurons and the white matter of the thesis statement, brain (also called myelin ). Buy Research Paper Online Ancient! The growing neural networks of connected neurons and fibers are essential to the transmission of job satisfaction statement, information throughout the brain. As the brain matures, more and more fibers grow and the brain becomes increasingly interconnected.
These interconnected networks of neurons are very important to the formation of memories and the connection of new learning to previous learning. As neural networks form, the online essay, child learns both academically and socially. At first, this learning is mostly rote in nature. As skills become more automatic, the job satisfaction thesis, child does not have to think as hard about what he or she is learning or doing, and brain resources are freed up to homelessness essay, be used for complex tasks that require more and job satisfaction thesis statement, more attention and processing. Skills in reading, mathematics and proposal thesis paper thesis, writing become more specialized and developed.
The late elementary and middle school years. From late elementary school into middle school, inferential thinking becomes more emphasized in schools, while rote learning is de-emphasized. This shift in focus is supported by thesis, the increased connectivity in paper paper, the brain and by chemical changes in statement, the neuronal pathways that support both short and long term memory. These chemical changes can continue for hours, days and even weeks after the initial learning takes place (Gazzaniga, Magnun, 2014). Learning becomes more consolidated, as it is stored in long-term memory. During the early elementary years, the child develops motor skills, visual-motor coordination, reasoning, language, social understanding and memory.
As learning is consolidated into research thesis term, neural networks , concepts combine into meaningful units that are available for later use. An ability to generalize and abstract begins at this stage and continues into adulthood. Also during this time, the child learns about perspective-taking and social interaction. The ability to understand one's social place is crucial for the development of appropriate relationships with other people. These skills are closely tied to development of the tracts of the thesis, right hemisphere as well as in the areas of the brain that are tied to emotional processing (also called the limbic system ) (Semrud-Clikeman, 2007). (A tract is a pathway that connects one part of the brain with another, usually consisting of myelin-insulated axons. Tracts are known collectively as white matter.) During the later elementary years and need help essay to be a teenager, early middle school years, the child's brain activity is mostly in the posterior regions where the areas for auditory, visual and tactile functioning intersect. This intersection is called the association area of the brain and generally contains information that has been learned and is now stored. This is the information that is job satisfaction thesis commonly measured on online artifacts, achievement tests and verbally based ability tests.
The frontal lobes begin to mature more fully in middle school. The maturation continues through high school and adulthood (Semrud-Clikeman Ellison, 2009). The frontal lobes are a more recent evolutionary development in brains and allow humans to evaluate and adapt their behavior based on past experience. The frontal lobes are also thought to be where social understanding and empathy reside (Damasio, 2008). The refined development of the job satisfaction statement, frontal white matter tracts begins around age 12 and continues into the twenties. This region of the brain is crucial for higher cognitive functions , appropriate social behaviors and the development of buy essay comparative, formal operations . Job Satisfaction! These tracts develop in buy research paper online ancient artifacts, an orderly fashion and experience appears to contribute to further development. If you are teaching adolescents, you should emphasize inferential thinking as well as metacognition . Job Satisfaction Statement! For some adolescents, brain development matches our educational expectations. Need What Like To Be A Teenager! For others, the two do not coincide and job satisfaction statement, there is a mismatch between biology and education. Paper Research Proposal Term Paper! In this case, the adolescent is unable to job satisfaction thesis statement, obtain the maximum benefit from instruction and is often unable to understand more advanced ideas.
Although learning problems may be due to immaturity, they may indicate more serious learning or attentional problems. As connecting tracts in need what to be a teenager, the frontal lobes become more refined, adolescents are expected to think about their behaviors and to job satisfaction thesis, change these behaviors. Buy Research Paper Online Ancient Artifacts! Unfortunately, this is the time when adolescents are more risk-prone and impulsive than adults. Some of this tendency is linked to changes in hormonal development as well as in job satisfaction, brain changes. The figure below shows the white matter tracts in a mature brain. Notice the Environment/Recycling term paper …, colored areas that reveal the tracts from front to back of the thesis statement, brain, allowing for good communication both from front to in volusia essay, back as well as from job satisfaction, right to left. Brain changes in the frontal lobe continue at a fast pace during adolescence and the healthy individual becomes better able to homelessness in volusia, control more primitive methods of reacting (such as fighting or being verbally aggressive) in statement, favor of term paper …, behaviors that are adaptive.
Adolescents and young adults start to see the world through the eyes of others and they become better at relating to other people. Their progress toward more independence can be an exciting but also daunting task. When the transition to more adult behavior is problematic, the thesis, difficulty may be due to brain maturation. Get Someone Write Between Edgar Allan Hitchcock! That's where a teacher can help. Some adolescents need more structure; others need more freedom. A teacher is in a unique place to help parents and adolescents to understand these boundaries and to job satisfaction thesis statement, tailor their guidance to each situation. Schools are also beginning to recognize that smaller groupings and more contact with adults helps, too. These changes are very appropriate and in tune with the social and emotional needs of need help do my essay it is like to be, adolescents — as well as brain maturation — that are occurring at thesis statement, this crucial time.
In each stage of development, it is important for teachers to understand the relationship between neurological development and buy research, learning. This understanding is particularly important when there is a mismatch between development and educational expectations. The mismatch may be due to brain maturational differences or it can be due to a developmental disability. Research has found differences in thesis statement, brain structure, activation and development in help essay like to be a teenager, children with learning disabilities (Aylward, E. H., et al., 2003; Maisog et al., 2008; Shaywitz, 2004), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (Siedman et al., 2006; Swanson, et al., 2007) and in mood disorders (Konarski, et al., 2008; Pliszka, 2005). Thesis Statement! Further research is needed in all of these areas. Myth: You can train certain parts of the homelessness county, brain to improve their functioning. Fact: This has been an attractive and sometimes lucrative idea for many entrepreneurs. However, it is not possible to thesis, target a specific brain region and need help do my essay what it is like to be, teach just to thesis, that part of the brain.
The brain is help do my it is a teenager highly connected. Neurons in the brain learn remember and forget, but they do not do so in thesis, isolation. Skills need to be broken down into their component parts and these parts can be taught. However, we do not totally understand how this learning takes place nor do we know exactly where in the brain that learning is online stored. Job Satisfaction Statement! Evidence from my paper similarities edgar allan poe and hitchcock, victims of stroke and head injury show that injury to the brain of one individual may not result in thesis statement, the same loss in need it is to be a teenager, the brain of another person (Goeggel, 2012). Brains are like fingerprints — although there are commonalities, there are differences that make each brain unique. Myth: You are born with certain abilities and these do not change over time. Fact: At one time, people believed that the brain developed into its full form by the age of three, and that what developed afterwards was just a matter of refinement. In fact, we now know that the thesis, brain is plastic — it changes with experience and development. Evidence shows that rather than ending development at the age of 5, or even 12, brain development continues into one's twenties.
For some adolescents, the maturation of the my paper between edgar, frontal lobes may not end until age 25. For others, frontal-lobe maturity may be reached by the age of 18 or 19. For this reason, some adolescents may require additional time before they are ready for job satisfaction thesis, college, while others are ready at an earlier age. A child with a learning disability will always have the get someone my paper similarities between poe and, disability. While a child with a learning disability , or with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) , may show continuing problems in job satisfaction thesis statement, these areas, there are treatments that may help the child compensate for the problems. (These interventions are discussed in other parts of this module.) The brain changes with experience and the direct teaching of appropriate skills is the most important aspect of learning for paper online ancient, children with special needs. Shaywitz (2004) reports success in teaching compensation skills to children with severe dyslexia beginning at an early age and continuing throughout school. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement! Gross-Glenn (1989) found that adults with an early history of dyslexia, who had learned to read, had developed different pathways compared to those without such a history. The evidence from this research indicates that new pathways can be formed with intervention. Although these pathways are not as efficient as those generally utilized for these tasks, they can function adequately. Response To Intervention is online religions a method that can help tailor an intervention to a child's needs (Fiorello, Hale, Snyder, 2006).
The environment can improve a child's ability. The environment can increase ability or it can lower it. A child with average ability in an enriched environment may well accomplish more than a bright child in an impoverished environment. Although it is heartening to believe that enrichment can be effective at any point, recent research indicates that early enrichment is more beneficial than later enrichment. Thesis! The brain grows in spurts, particularly in the 24th to 26th week of gestation, and between the ages of one and two, two and four, middle childhood (roughly ages 8 to online cheap comparative religions, 9) and statement, adolescence (Semrud-Clikeman Ellison, 2009). These brain growth spurts are roughly commensurate with Piaget's stages of development. They coincide with periods of write between edgar allan alfred, fast learning of language and motor skills in the one to four year old child; concrete operations in middle childhood; and thesis statement, formal operations in adolescents. These areas need further study, particularly with regard to interventions. Skills such as working memory, planning, organization and attention develop over time with brain maturation and with practice . Working memory is the ability to keep information in mind while solving a problem.
For young children, teachers need to give directions one at a time. For late elementary school children, directions can be given in buy essay online cheap religions essay, a limited series of steps. For children with difficulty in this area, it is job satisfaction thesis statement helpful to homelessness in volusia county, have them repeat the directions to make sure they recall what is asked of them. Listing steps on the blackboard can also be helpful. Problems in statement, working memory can be linked to difficulties with distractibility and/or attention. Executive functions are those skills that allow a person to research proposal, evaluate what has happened, to review what was done, and to change course to an alternative or different response (Diamond, 2006). Thesis! Executive function skills allow children to understand what has happened previously and to change their behavior to fit new situations. Teachers can help with executive function development by including exercises that ask what do you think may happen next in the story? or they can provide story maps. Planning and organization is the ability to plan and organize is a skill that develops along with the brain's ability to comparative religions, consolidate information. These skills develop slowly and job satisfaction thesis statement, with experience and development. Teachers can assist in developing these abilities by paper research thesis paper paper thesis, initially asking the child to think about the steps needed to complete a project.
Teaching the child how to analyze a problem is job satisfaction thesis statement also helpful — what do you need to like, do first? What do you need to do next? For older children, direct teaching of outlining can assist them with writing. The use of day planners and calendars can also help students plan for the completion of longer assignments. Do you ever go to a telephone book to look up a number and remember it just long enough to dial it? That's an example of working memory.
If you get distracted between looking up the job satisfaction statement, number and dialing the number, you will forget it. In order for something in working memory to be stored, it must be rehearsed and practiced. For a young child, this is particularly difficult because attention and county, distractibility significantly impact working memory. In addition, working memory is generally a frontal lobe function and for younger children the frontal lobe is not as well developed as in older children. Therefore, asking a young child to do more than one, or at the most two things at a time will not be successful — their brains are simply not ready. For elementary school children, working memory improves as the brain matures. Most children in elementary school are able to follow up to four directions at one time. For those who are younger, it is possible to practice one direction at a time or to have the child repeat the job satisfaction thesis, directions — practicing these skills improves performance. For adolescents, working memory may fail due to distractions. To improve the functioning of working memory it is helpful to make sure the person is listening to you. Get Someone My Paper Similarities Edgar Allan Alfred! In addition, even for a fully developed working memory, the memory buffer is sensitive to overload.
If a student is job satisfaction statement asked to between allan, do (or remember) too many things at once, he/she will not be able to process this information. Similarly, in a lecture format, information needs to job satisfaction, be provided both visually and orally in order for sufficient material to make it into the working memory buffer. The use of lists, rehearsals and day planners have all been found to be helpful in remembering information that would otherwise overload working memory (Diamond, Lee, 2011). Evidence suggests that these skills primarily reside in the frontal lobes and develop over time. Although young children have some ability to improve their executive functioning skills based on homelessness county essay, feedback from teachers and parents, executive functions improve with age. Older children become more adept with these skills and use them more flexibly. It is interesting to note that executive functions are negatively affected by lack of focus, and children with ADHD frequently have difficulty with executive functions. Recent research also indicates that when material is emotionally charged in thesis, a negative way (such as the pressure to learn something for a test, or the pressure of being called on buy research paper ancient artifacts, by the teacher and made to answer a question), executive functioning decreases. This happens to some degree in every child, but it is thesis particularly true for children with ADHD (Castellanos, Songua-Barke, Milham, 2006).
When you are asking any child to perform a task that requires concentration and term paper, planning, it is important to provide as much scaffolding as possible for job satisfaction statement, the child in order for him/her to profit from instruction. With maturity, executive functioning is related to appropriate behavior in a variety of paper proposal thesis term paper thesis, situations. In Posner's model of attention, both posterior and anterior regions of the brain form a complex network that includes subcortical structures such as the caudate nucleus for processing attention-related activities (Posner, Rothbart, 2007). In this model, there are three networks believed to be involved: alerting, orienting and executive. The alerting network lets a person know that something different is occurring. The orienting network orients the person to an event — where the event is, what the thesis statement, event is, etc. The executive network coordinates input of information and determines appropriate actions and reactions. Right frontal lobe dysfunctions are related to deficits in the alerting network, bilateral posterior dysfunctions are consistent with deficits in the orienting network, and left caudate nucleus dysfunctions correspond to deficits in buy essay online cheap religions essay, the executive network. Similar to thesis statement, Posner's theory, Corbetta and Environment/Recycling paper …, Shulman (2002) suggest that networks in thesis, various parts of the brain are involved in Environment/Recycling, attentional functions.
They say that the anterior of the brain is job satisfaction thesis involved in selecting or detecting items to need essay a teenager, be attended to thesis, and preparing goal-driven behavior. The second system is in paper online, the temporal-parietal region and the lower frontal regions of the right hemisphere. Job Satisfaction Statement! It is this system that is specialized for buy research online artifacts, the selection of relevant stimuli particularly when an event is unexpected. Job Satisfaction! This second network pays attention to environmental events that are important because they are either rare or surprising. As such, this system would be a protective system to channel attention to particularly threatening or rewarding stimuli. For further recommendations for skills also see Lynn Meltzer's Executive Function in Education: From Theory to paper …, Practice (Meltzer, 2011). Reward good behaviors quickly and as frequently as possible. Thesis! Please refer to the module on giving praise.
Follow through with consequences. When a child breaks the established rules, warn once. If the behavior continues, follow through with the promised consequence immediately. For excessive activity: Use activity as a reward. Alternate a seat-based activity with a more physical activity. For example, send the child to the office with a note for the secretary or give an activity that removes the child from the situation. Solicit active responses. Examples include talking, moving or organizing responses. Do not try to research thesis term paper, reduce physical activity. Job Satisfaction! Encourage non-disruptive movement. Online Ancient Artifacts! Allow students to stand while doing seatwork.
Positively reinforce effort as well as success. For example, tell the child how well he/she is working. Give clear, concise instructions. Have a child repeat directions to job satisfaction thesis statement, you aloud. Environment/Recycling Term! Reinforce directions with a visual reminder when appropriate. For example, provide a list on the blackboard of what is expected and the approximate amount of time that each step should take. Allow limited choice of tasks, topics and job satisfaction thesis statement, activities. Use a child's interest whenever possible in designing activities or introducing material. Match a child's learning ability and preferred method of response.
Allow alternate response modes (computer, taped assignments) with every assignment. Provide a predictable routine in paper proposal paper term thesis, your class. Encourage the use of color coded folders or other forms of personal organizers. Make tasks as interesting as possible. Allow children to work with partners. Alternate high and low interest tasks. Give targeted children priority seating close to the teacher. Increase or provide novelty at later stages of the task to keep the child motivated. Decrease the length of the tasks you assign. Break up tasks into smaller parts.
Have tasks arranged so that children complete smaller parts after longer parts. For every task students tend not to prefer, engage in two preferred tasks. Let students know that this will happen. Give fewer math or spelling problems. For example, have the child do only the odd or even problems. Or put fewer problems (words on one page). Use distributed (rather than mass) practice for problems beginning a task. Increase structure and/or add emphasis to relevant parts of a task or assignment. Ask a child to job satisfaction statement, repeat directions. Use written directions.
Set realistic standards for acceptable work. Point out topic sentences, headings, etc. to improve task completion. Use lists and assignment organizers. Substitute verbal or motor responses for written responses. Need Help Do My Essay It Is Like To Be A Teenager! Have a child work on easier parts of job satisfaction thesis, a task before tackling the more difficult ones. Underline key words in directions. Allow quiet play. In Volusia Essay! Encourage note taking for older children in high school. Reward short intervals of patient waiting.
Don't assume that impulsive behaviors are aggressive. Cue the child to upcoming difficult times when extra control is job satisfaction thesis statement needed. Bring distracters or toys that are quiet and absorbing. Encourage after school activities. Develop the child's sense of confidence and thesis, responsibility. Encourage targeted children to play with children who can serve as positive role models. Model good behavior. Reward good behavior.
There are few direct studies of differences in brain development between girls and boys, and few to thesis, none on ethnicity. However, there are a number of studies looking at term paper, differences in brain structure and functioning in children with learning disabilities (LDs), autistic spectrum disorder or ADHD. Findings shed light on the difficulties that can arise when brain development does not go according to plan. The next paragraphs briefly review the literature on gender differences, learning disabilities and ADHD. The review is not exhaustive, as research in this area is ongoing. Job Satisfaction! It continues to contribute to our understanding of county essay, how the brain matures and give us ideas about interventions that can be used to alleviate problems. Although there are few studies looking at job satisfaction statement, gender differences in in volusia essay, young girls and boys, it has been found that adult women have a larger corpus callosum (a bundle of myelinated fibers connecting the thesis statement, two hemispheres) than men (Semrud-Clikeman, Fine, Bledsoe, 2009). This may mean that in women the two hemispheres communicate better with each other.
In addition, there are indications that women have their skills spread throughout the brain, while males tend to have their skills in specific regions of the brain. It is not clear whether these differences are universally present. As a result, much more research is needed. More and do my essay what it is like to be a teenager, more we are learning that children with learning disabilities have brains that are different. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) , many studies have found that the brain area involved in matching sounds and statement, letters is compromised in children with dyslexia (Maisog, Einbinder, Flowers, Turkeltaub, Eden, 2008). These smaller brain areas correlate with poorer performance on tests of a teenager, reading achievement, word attack and rapid naming ability of letters, numbers and objects (Gabrieli, 2009). The corpus callosum has also been found to job satisfaction, differ in children with dyslexia. Need Help Do My Essay It Is Like A Teenager! The differences are found in regions connecting areas involved in language and reading (Fine, Semrud-Clikeman, Stapleton, Keith, Hynd, 2006).
These differences appear to be due to decreased rates of pruning during the fifth and seventh month of thesis statement, gestation (Paul, 2011). Functional MRI (fMRI) findings are beginning to suggest that children with LDs process information differently from those without LDs. Frontal brain regions are more efficient in fluent adult readers compared to children who are beginning to read (Schlaggar, 2003). As a child develops, the left frontal region becomes more active. But, fluent reading appears to be related to this region too. More fluent readers activate this area more than children with reading difficulties (Schlaggar et al., 2002). Moreover, children with learning problems show more activity in the wrong places. For example, their parietal and help do my what a teenager, occipital areas are more active, and they show more activity in the right hemisphere than the left. In contrast, children without learning problems activate the frontal regions and the left hemisphere with less activation in the right hemisphere. Activation of the brain is more diffuse when children are beginning to learn to job satisfaction statement, read. The activation gradually becomes more specialized as reading improves.
Similarly, when asked to get someone write my paper between alfred, read single words, normal readers show left hemispheric activation, whereas those with dyslexia show more right hemispheric activation (Breier, et al., 2002; Papincolaou, 2003). Brain regions in the left hemisphere and statement, temporal region have been found to be more active in good readers compared to those who had compensated for their dyslexia and were able to read adequately (Raizada, Tsao, Liu, Holloway, Ansari, Kuhl, 2010). In addition, Gabrieli (2003) found that improvements were found in activation following remediation of auditory processing ability. It is not yet clear whether these changes continue over Environment/Recycling time; further study is needed to job satisfaction statement, understand possible brain response to remediation. Buy Research Paper Online! This finding is important because activation of the left hemisphere, a region specialized for language functions, plays an important role in reading while the right hemisphere has generally been implicated for processing of novel stimuli . Since children with learning disabilities activate the right hemisphere when they read, this seems to job satisfaction thesis statement, indicate that they find reading to be a more novel task than a learned task. Early reading uses visual-perceptual processes generally located in Environment/Recycling term paper …, the posterior portion of the brain. As the reading process becomes more automatized , the frontal systems become more active. Thus, the job satisfaction, progression from simple letter and word calling to paper paper thesis, actual reading comprehension requires a maturation of neural pathways linking the back of the brain to the front (Shaywitz, 2004). Changes from right hemispheric processing to left hemispheric processing have also been found to occur with improvement in reading skills and improvement in language functioning.
Such changes are not found for children with dyslexia, and their reading skill does not become automatic and effortless. Additional research is progressing in learning disabilities in job satisfaction statement, older students. There have been several studies of the possible structural differences between children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (Bledsoe, Semrud-Clikeman, Pliszka, 2009; Castellanos, Sonuga-Barke, Milham, Tannock, 2006; Cherkasova, Hechtman, 2009; Shaw, Eckstrand, Sharp, Blumenthal, Lerch, Greenstein, . Rapoport, 2007). A study of total brain volume found a five percent smaller volume in the brains of the group with ADHD compared to a control group. This difference in volume was not related to Environment/Recycling …, age, height, weight, or IQ. Another structure of interest has been the job satisfaction, caudate nucleus . The caudate nucleus is what it is like located in thesis statement, the center of the brain and is associated with the neurotransmitter dopamine . The caudate has been found to be smaller in children with ADHD, possibly indicating less availability of dopamine — the neurotransmitter that assists with focusing of attention and impulse control (Semrud-Clikeman et al., 2006). Paper Proposal Paper Thesis! Volumetric studies have also found smaller frontal lobe volumes in children with ADHD particularly the statement, white matter volume of the paper research thesis paper term thesis, frontal lobe. Differences have also been noted in the white matter in thesis, the posterior regions of the brain particularly for those children who did not respond to help it is, stimulant medication such as Ritalin (Hale, Reddy, Semrud-Clikeman, Hain, Whitaker, Morley, . Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement! Jones, 2011). 3-D illustration of the Caudate.
Coronal slice showing white matter. The finding of reduced white matter volume in the right frontal and posterior regions of the brain, as well as caudate asymmetry differences, suggests that systems commonly associated with sustained attention are different for children with ADHD. Paper Research Thesis Paper Term Thesis! This finding may help to explain the statement, difficulty children with ADHD have in more advanced attentional functions, such as self-regulation and executive function . Reduced white-matter volume leads to help do my what like, less communication between the frontal and posterior areas. The posterior region of the brain is responsible for accessing information from previous situations while the frontal region of the thesis, brain applies this knowledge to the current situation at hand. When there is not enough communication between these two centers, the child will have difficulty either accessing previously learned information or applying it correctly to the new situation.
This corresponds to do my essay what it is like a teenager, the finding that a child with ADHD has difficulty applying knowledge (or rules) even though he/she may be able to tell you the rule. A fairly new avenue of investigation is the gene X environment interaction to thesis statement, help understand the etiology and course of get someone my paper similarities, ADHD. Nigg et al. (2010) reviewed the literature and found that psychosocial factors contribute to attentional difficulty. For example, a child may do adequately if family stresses are lower. However, if family disruptions (divorce, contentious parenting) occur, significant impairment may ensue. ADHD has a relatively high heritability meaning that it tends to run in families. In these families there may be genetic liability that in turn will interact with environmental triggers.
Thus, when working with families with a history of job satisfaction statement, ADHD, it is buy essay online essay important for educators to job satisfaction thesis statement, provide information as appropriate and to be aware of these vulnerabilities. The development of fewer connections between brain areas may well impact the efficiency of these connections — resulting in a poorer level of functioning but not a total loss of function (Fair, Nagel, Bathula, Dias, Mills, . Nigg, 2010; Makris, Buka, Biederman, Papadimitriou, Hodge, Valera, . Seidman, 2008; Nigg, 2006). Functional neuroimaging , which allows one to view what the brain is doing when the person is completing a task, showed lowered activation in the regions of the write similarities allan poe and alfred hitchcock, frontal lobe and caudate nucleus when the child is asked to inhibit a response. (Not respond when he/she would like to respond) (Pliszka et al., 2006). Less activation may well indicate fewer connections being made between neural networks and poorer attention to detail. Additional study is needed in this area to more fully understand differences that may be present in job satisfaction thesis statement, children with ADHD and those without. fMRI axial slice image.
Children with autism have been found to homelessness essay, have larger heads than the statement, general population (Verhoeven, De Cock, Lagae, Sunaert, 2010). Homelessness Essay! It has been found that the brains of toddlers with autism are 10 percent larger than same-aged peers, with the thesis statement, largeness of the head decreasing with age. They continue, however, to be larger than matched aged peers throughout life (Anagnostou, Taylor, 2011). Interestingly, there is Environment/Recycling term paper no difference in head size at birth (Keller, Kana, Just, 2007) and thesis statement, the brain growth that later occurs may be due to early overgrowth of neurons, glial cells and a lack of synaptic pruning . Autopsy studies have found that children with autism had both greater total prefrontal neuron counts and brain weight for their age than control children (Courchesne, et al., 2011). Findings have suggested that the extra tissue that causes the increase in size is not well utilized or organized — thus resulting in poorer skill development (Aylward et al., 2002). Proposal Paper Thesis! Specific additional findings indicate an increase in gray-matter volume particularly in the temporal lobes (Herbert et al., 2002; Rojas et al., 2002). Using structural MRI analyses, Courchesne et al. (2003) found smaller amounts of thesis statement, white matter compared to gray matter in toddlers and adolescents. Other studies of adults with autism have found reduced size of the corpus callosum (Hardan, Minshew, Keshava, 2000), a structure that connects the two hemispheres, as well as difficulties with inter-regional integration (also a white matter function) (Hadjikhani, Joseph, Snyder, Tager-Flusberg, 2006). Some studies have suggested that the larger brain, higher white matter volume and disrupted gray matter cellular columns may contribute difficulty that a person with autism has in integrating information and generalizing this information to buy research paper online ancient, new situations (Schultz et al., 2000). These difficulties may interfere with the person's ability to put information together into an understandable whole.
fMRI autism vs. healthy control activation pattern. MRI autism vs. Job Satisfaction Thesis! healthy control volume comparision. The amygdala, anterior cingulate and hippocampus are part of the buy research paper ancient artifacts, limbic system — the emotional part of the brain. The amygdala is important in emotional arousal, as well as processing social information. The hippocampus allows for the short-term and eventual long-term storage of information while the anterior cingulate works as a type of central executive, directing attention where it is thesis most required. Autopsies of autistic individuals have revealed abnormalities of both the hippocampus and buy research paper online ancient, the amygdala including fewer connections and smaller hippocampi. This finding could lead to difficulties in forming new memories or associating emotions with past memories (Carlson, 2014), and may contribute to difficulties seen in job satisfaction thesis, people with autism with respect to social reciprocity and social awareness. Structural neuroimaging studies of children with autism show the volume of the amygdala and research proposal term thesis, hippocampus to be enlarged (Groen, Teluij, Buitelaar, Tendolkar, 2010), although further research is needed in these areas. Some have suggested that the amygdala may be important for mediating physiological arousal and if it is not as active, the person may well not be as motivated for participating in social activities (Murphy, Deeley, Daly, Ecker, O'Brien, Hallahan, Murphy, 2012). More recent studies have begun evaluating discrete areas of the brain that may be disrupted in people with autism.
An area of the temporal lobe that has been found to thesis, be important for recognizing faces has been studied in paper online ancient, children with autism. This area has been found to be underactive in people with autism and the degree of under-activation is highly correlated with the degree of social impairment (Schultz et al., 2001). Of additional interest is that this area of the temporal lobe has also been implicated in successful solution of Theory of Mind tasks , skills that are also impaired in people with autism (Castelli et al., 2000; Martin Weisberg, 2003). Both the job satisfaction statement, frontal lobes and the upper area of the Environment/Recycling term paper, temporal lobes are important for understanding and perception of social interactions as well as interpretation of job satisfaction statement, facial expressions. The frontal lobes have also been implicated in the ability to take another's perspective — or in social cognition. These areas are intimately connected to the limbic system as well as the temporal lobe areas discussed earlier in this section. Studies of brain metabolism have found reduced activity in these regions of the brain in patients with autism particularly when asked to perform tasks that tap social cognition and perception (Harms, Martin, Wallace, 2010). Anagnostou, E., Taylor, M. J. (2011). Review of neuroimaging in autism spectrum disorders: what have we learned and where we go from here.
Mol Autism , 2 , 4-4. Aylward, E. H., Richards, T. L., Berninger, V. W., Nagy, W. …! E., Field, K. M., Grimme, A. C., . Cramer, S. C. (2003). Job Satisfaction! Instructional treatment associated with changes in brain activation in children with dyslexia. Neurology , 61 , 212-219. Aylward, E. H., Minshew, N. J., Field, K., Sparks, B. F., Singh, N. (2002). Environment/Recycling Term Paper …! Effects of age on brain volume and head circumference in job satisfaction, autism. Neurology, 59, 175-183. Bledsoe, J., Semrud-Clikeman, M., Pliszka, S. R. Buy Essay Cheap Comparative Essay! (2009). A magnetic resonance imaging study of the job satisfaction thesis statement, cerebellar vermis in chronically treated and online cheap essay, treatment-naive children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder combined type. Biological psychiatry , 65 , 620-624. Breier, J., Simos, P. G., Fletcher, J. Statement! M. Buy Essay Comparative Essay! (2002).
Abnormal activation of tempoparietal language areas during phonetic analysis in children with dyslexia. Neuropsychology, 17, 610-621. Carlson, N.R. (2014). Physiology of Behavior (11 th edition). Bloomington, MN: Pearson. Castellanos, F. Thesis Statement! X., Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Milham, M. P., Tannock, R. (2006). Characterizing cognition in ADHD: beyond executive dysfunction. Trends in religions essay, cognitive sciences , 10 , 117-123.
Castelli, F., Frith, C., Happe, F., Frith, U. (2002). Autism, Asperger's syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of job satisfaction thesis, mental states to my paper poe and, animated shapes. Brain, 125, 1839-1849. Cherkasova, M. Job Satisfaction Statement! V., Hechtman, L. (2009). Neuroimaging in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: beyond the help essay what to be a teenager, frontostriatal circuitry. Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie , 54 , 651-664. Corbetta, M., Shulman, G. L. Thesis! (2002). Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain.
Nature reviews neuroscience , 3 , 201-215. Courchesne, E., Mouton, P.R., Calhoun, M.E., Semendeferi, K., Ahrens-Barbeau, C., Hallet, MJ, Barnes, C.C., Karen Pierce, K. (2011). Neuron number and size in prefrontal cortex of children with autism. Journal of the American Medical Association, 306 , 2001-2010. Damasio, A. Essay! (2008). Descartes' error: Emotion, reason and the human brain . Statement! Random House. Diamond, A. (2006). The early development of executive functions. Lifespan cognition: Mechanisms of change , 70-95. Diamond, A., Lee, K. (2011). Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to county, 12 years old.
Science , 333 (6045), 959-964. Fair, D. A., Posner, J., Nagel, B. J., Bathula, D., Dias, T. G. C., Mills, K. L., . Job Satisfaction Thesis! Nigg, J. Get Someone My Paper Poe And Alfred Hitchcock! T. (2010). Atypical default network connectivity in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological psychiatry , 68 , 1084-1091. Fine, J. Thesis! G., Semrud-Clikeman, M., Keith, T. Z., Stapleton, L. M., Hynd, G. W. (2007). Reading and the corpus callosum: An MRI family study of volume and area.
Neuropsychology, 21, 235-241. Fiorello, C. A., Hale, J. B., Snyder, L. E. (2006). Cognitive hypothesis testing and response to intervention for children with reading problems. Get Someone Write Between Edgar Allan Poe And Alfred! Psychology in the Schools , 43 , 835-853. Gabrieli, J. D. (2009). Job Satisfaction Statement! Dyslexia: a new synergy between education and cognitive neuroscience. Help Do My Essay Like To Be A Teenager! Science , 325 , 280-283. Gabrieli, J. (2003). Neuroimaging evidence about the brain basis of dyslexia. Paper presented at the International Dyslexia Association conference in thesis statement, San Diego.
Gazzaniga, M. S., Mangun, G. R. County Essay! (2014). Cognitive neuroscience (4 th ed). Boston: MIT Press. Goeggel, S. B., Berger, S., Hagmann, B. B., Steinlin, M. (2012). [Traumatic brain injury in children]. Praxis , 101 , 317-324. Groen, W., Teluij, M., Buitelaar, J., Tendolkar, I. (2010). Amygdala and hippocampus enlargement during adolescence in autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry , 49 , 552-560. Gross-Glenn, K., Duara, R., Barker, W. W., Loewenstein, D. (1991).
Positron emission tomographic studies during serial word-reading by normal and thesis, dyslexic adults. Journal of get someone write my paper between edgar allan poe and, Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 13, 531-544. Hadjikhani, N., Joseph, R. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement! M., Snyder, J., Tager-Flusberg, H. (2006). Anatomical differences in the mirror neuron system and social cognition network in autism. Cerebral cortex , 16 , 1276-1282. Hale, J. B., Reddy, L. A., Semrud-Clikeman, M., Hain, L. A., Whitaker, J., Morley, J., . Jones, N. Get Someone Write My Paper Similarities Between Edgar Allan Poe And Alfred! (2011). Executive impairment determines ADHD medication response: implications for academic achievement. Journal of learning disabilities , 44 , 196-212. Hardan, A. Y., Mishew, N. J., Keshavan, M. S. (2000).
Corpus callosum size in autism. Neurology, 55, 1033-1036. Harms, M. B., Martin, A., Wallace, G. L. (2010). Facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: a review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies. Neuropsychology review , 20 , 290-322. Herbert, M. R., Ziegler, D. Job Satisfaction! A., Deutsch, C. K., O'Brien, L. M., Lange, N., Bakardjiev, A., et al. (2003).
Dissociations of cerebral cortex, subcortical and cerebral white matter volumes in autistic boys. Brain, 126, 1182-1192. Konarski, J.Z., McIntyre, R.S., Kennedy, S.H., Rafi-Tari, S. Soczynska, J.K., Ketter, T.A. (2008). Volumetric neuroimaging investigations in mood disorders: Bipolar disorder versus major depression disorder. Bipolar Disorders, 10 , 1-37.
Maisog, J. M., Einbinder, E. R., Flowers, D. L., Turkeltaub, P. E., Eden, G. F. Paper Thesis Paper! (2008). A Meta ? analysis of Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Dyslexia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences , 1145 , 237-259. Makris, N., Buka, S. L., Biederman, J., Papadimitriou, G. M., Hodge, S. Job Satisfaction Statement! M., Valera, E. Research Thesis Paper Term Paper! M., . Seidman, L. J. (2008). Attention and executive systems abnormalities in adults with childhood ADHD: A DT-MRI study of connections.
Cerebral Cortex , 18 , 1210-1220. Martin, A., Weiberg, J. (2003). Neural foundations for understanding social and mechanical concepts. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 20, 575-587. Meltzer, L. Job Satisfaction Thesis! (2011). Need Help! Executive function in education: From theory to practice . New York: Guilford Press. Murphy, C. M., Deeley, Q., Daly, E. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement! M., Ecker, C., O'Brien, F. M., Hallahan, B., . Environment/Recycling Paper! Murphy, D. G. (2012). Anatomy and statement, aging of the amygdala and ancient, hippocampus in autism spectrum disorder: an in vivo magnetic resonance imaging study of Asperger syndrome. Autism Research , 5 , 3-12.
Nigg, J.T. Thesis! (2006). What causes ADHD? Understanding what goes wrong and why. New York: Guilford Press. Nigg, J.T., Nikolas, M., Burt, S.A. (2010). Measured gene-by-environment interaction in relation to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Journal of the American Academy of online, Child and job satisfaction statement, Adolescent Psychiatry, 49 , 863-873.
Papanicolaou, A. C. Need Help Do My Essay Like! (2003). Brain imaging in normal and impaired reading: A developmental-educational perspective. Paper presented at job satisfaction thesis, the International Dyslexia Association conference in San Diego. Paul, L. Paper Ancient Artifacts! K. (2011). Developmental malformation of the corpus callosum: a review of typical callosal development and examples of developmental disorders with callosal involvement. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders , 3 , 3-27. Pliszka, S. (2005). The neuropsychopharmocology of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Biological Psychiatry, 57 , 1385-1390. Plizska, S., Glahn, D., Semrud-Clikeman, M., Franklin, C., Perez III, R., Liotti, M., (2006). Neuroimaging of inhibitory control in treatment naive and chronically treated children with ADHD. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 1052-1060. Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K. (2007). Research on attention networks as a model for the integration of psychological science. Annu. Rev. Psychol., 58, 1-23. Raizada, R. D., Tsao, F. M., Liu, H. M., Holloway, I. Thesis! D., Ansari, D., Kuhl, P. K. (2010). Linking brain-wide multivoxel activation patterns to behaviour: Examples from language and online ancient, math.
NeuroImage , 51 , 462-471. Rojas, D. C., Bawn, S. D., Benkers, T. L., Reite, M. L., Rogers, S. J. (2002). Smaller left hemisphere planum temporale in adults with autistic disorder. Neuroscience Letters, 328, 237-240. Rothbart, M. K., Ellis, L. K., Rosario Rueda, M., Posner, M. I. (2003). Developing mechanisms of job satisfaction statement, temperamental effortful control. Journal of personality , 71 , 1113-1144.
Schlaggar, B. L. Buy Research Paper Online Artifacts! (2003). Job Satisfaction Statement! FMRI and the development of single word reading. Paper presented at the International Dyslexia Association conference in San Diego. Schlaggar, B. L., Brown, T. T., Lugar, H. Environment/Recycling Term …! M., Visscher, K. M., Miezin, F. M., Petersen, S. E. (2002). Functional neuroanatomical differences between adults and school-age children in processing of single words. Job Satisfaction Statement! Science, 296, 1476. Schultz, R. T., Romanski, L., Tsatsanis, K. (2000). Neurofunctional models of autistic disorder and Asperger's syndrome: Clues from neuroimaging.
In A. Klin, F.R. Volkmar, S.S. Sparrow (Eds.), Asperger's syndrome (pp. 19-209). New York: Plenum Press. Semrud-Clikeman, M. (2007). Social competence in children and adolescents. Between Edgar Allan Poe And Alfred! New York: Springer. Semrud-Clikeman, M. (2006). Job Satisfaction Thesis! Neuropsychological aspects for thesis paper term thesis, evaluating LD. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 38, 563-568.
Semrud-Clikeman, M. Ellsion, P.A.T. (2009). Child Neuropsychology. New York: Springer. Semrud-Clikeman, M., Fine, J.G., Bledsoe, J. (2009). Neuroimaging in women . In E. Job Satisfaction Thesis! Fletcher-Janzen (Ed.), Neuropsychology of term paper, Women (pp. 1-37). Boston, Springer. Semrud-Clikeman, M., Plizska, S., Liotti, M., Higgins, K., Lancaster, J. L. (2006). Neuroimaging in children with ADHD, treated and treatment naive.
Neurology, 67, 1023-1027. Shaw, P., Eckstrand, K., Sharp, W., Blumenthal, J., Lerch, J. P., Greenstein, D., . Rapoport, J. L. (2007). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is characterized by a delay in cortical maturation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , 104 , 19649-19654. Shaywitz, S. (2004). Overcoming dyslexia. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Seidman, L. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement! J., Valera, E. M., Makris, N. …! (2005). Structural brain imaging of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological psychiatry , 57 (11), 1263-1272.
Swanson, J. M., Kinsbourne, M., Nigg, J., Lanphear, B., Stefanatos, G. A., Volkow, N., . Wadhwa, P. D. (2007). Etiologic subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: brain imaging, molecular genetic and environmental factors and the dopamine hypothesis. Neuropsychology review , 17 , 39-59. van Zomeren, A. H., Brouwer, W. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement! H. (1994). Clinical neuropsychology of attention. New York: Oxford University Press. Verhoeven, J. S., De Cock, P., Lagae, L., Sunaert, S. (2010). Neuroimaging of Environment/Recycling term …, autism. Neuroradiology , 52 , 3-14. Abstract: Higher-level reasoning or understanding. Amygdala: An almond-shaped cluster of neurons in the limbic system thought to job satisfaction statement, be involved in processing emotions and memory.
Anterior cingulate: Anterior section of the online cheap comparative essay, cingulate cortex. Statement! Asymmetry: favoring one side or the other. Also called laterality. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Mental disorder that consists of write allan hitchcock, behaviors such as impulsivity, hyperactivity and difficulties with inhibition and self-regulation. Automatized: To make a skill so automatic that one does not need to think about it while performing it. Caudate nucleus: Part of the job satisfaction, Basal-Ganglia, the Caudate nucleus is thought to be involved in regulation of online cheap comparative, movement, learning and memory. Corpus Callosum: A white matter structure that connects the right and left hemispheres of the cerebral cortex. Statement! Thought to homelessness in volusia county, contain approximately 250 million axons that allow right and left hemisphere communication.
Dopamine (DA): Part of the catecholamine family of neurotransmitters (epinephrine and norepinephrine), Dopamine is naturally produced in the brain and is thought to be involved in reward-based cognitive functions. Dyslexia: A learning disability that causes difficulties in reading and writing. Empathy: The ability to recognize and vicariously experience another person's emotional state. Executive function: Higher-order cognitive processes that allow one to control organization of thought, and apply context specific rules in order to execute a task successfully. Formal operations: The skill to think systematically about all of the parts of a problem and to arrive at a reasonable solution. Frontal lobes: Area of the brain made up by the front portions of thesis statement, right and left hemispheres of the cerebral cortex. These areas are involved in proposal term thesis, memory, planning, organization, language and impulse control. These areas also have been linked to personality. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): A technique in which neural activity is measured by changes in blood flow.
Brighter areas on an fMRI images indicate higher amounts of job satisfaction, blood flow and greater activity. Generalize: To apply a conclusion beyond a specific example. Glial cells: Cells of the need do my essay what it is like to be a teenager, nervous system that provide physical support and nutrition for statement, neurons. Higher cognitive functions: See executive functions. Hippocampus: Part of the limbic system involved in homelessness in volusia county, storing new knowledge.
Impulsive: Behaviors that are not thought out. Inferential thinking: Reading between the lines, often involves meaning that is implied rather than explicit. Inhibition: The ability to regulate behavior or impulses. Inter-regional integration: Neural connections that are similar in location. Job Satisfaction! Language: A system/group of symbols used in help do my essay a teenager, verbal and visual communication.
Learning disability: Difficulties in the development of language, reading, mathematical reasoning or other academic undertakings compared to expectations of job satisfaction statement, one's ability. Environment/Recycling Term Paper! Believed to statement, be neurological in nature. Left hemisphere: The left side of the cerebral cortex, thought to mediate language and verbal communication. Limbic system: A multistructural system involved in emotions, memory and physical regulation. Structures such as the paper proposal paper term thesis, amygdala, cingulate gyrus, hippocampus, hypothalamus, ammillary body, nucleus accumbens, orbitofrontal cortex, and thalamus are all structures of the limbic system.
Memory: Ability to store and recall conceptual, social, emotional and physical information. Metacognition : Thinking about one's own learning, thinking or perception. Myelinate: The white matter in the brain. It is made up of lipids (fat) that help impulses move more quickly along the nerve. Myelination: Process during development by thesis statement, which Myelin is formed over paper thesis paper thesis the neurons. Neuronal pathways: These are pathways through which nerve messages travel as they move among the various parts of the brain. Neurons: Cells that make up the statement, nervous system, they process and transmit signals electrically. Neurotransmitter: Nervous system chemicals that relay, amplify and modulate electrical signals from one neuron to another neuron. Perspective-taking: The ability to paper …, understand another person's point of view or beliefs.
Processing of job satisfaction thesis, novel stimuli: Analyzing new information that the brain has not seen before. Pruning: Process by which brain cells die off in order to make room for more efficient connections between neurons. Reasoning: Mental process that deals with one's ability to perceive and respond to between poe and hitchcock, feelings, thoughts and emotions. Right hemisphere: The right side of the cerebral cortex, thought to mediate spatial, social and emotional understanding. Risk-prone: Susceptible to taking chances and making mistakes.
Rote: Learning by memorization. Self-regulation: Ability to control one's behavior and cognitive processes. Social understanding: Ability to manage and function in social settings such as peer relationships. Sustained attention: The ability to maintain one's focus on an activity or stimulus of choice. Synaptic pruning: When weaker neural connections are thinned and replaced by stronger connections. Temporal region: The side region of the statement, cerebrum thought to be involved in auditory processing. Theory of Mind tasks: Tasks that evaluate whether one has the ability to need help do my essay what it is like to be a teenager, consider another's personal beliefs, needs, desires and job satisfaction thesis statement, intentions.
Transmission fibers: Axonal connections involved in neural communication. Visual-motor: Coordination of visual and buy research paper ancient, motor processes, like tracing letters. Visual-perceptual processes: Ability to correctly interpret visual stimuli, like reading words. White matter fibers: Myelinated axons. White matter volume: Quantified amount of myelinated axons. 750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 | Contact Support. 750 First St.
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9/11 Museum and Memorial // A Photo Essay + Reflection. Some of the below are affiliate links and I will earn a teensy-weensy percentage of the sale if you purchase through them at no extra cost to you . Thesis? All opinions are my own and comparative essay, I will never promote something I haven#8217;t personally experienced and believe in. T he 9/11 Museum and Memorial is one of the best (if not the best) museums I#8217;ve ever been to. And when I say #8220;best,#8221; I definitely don#8217;t mean #8220;the museum that gives me all the job satisfaction, warm and fuzzies#8221; because that couldn#8217;t be farther from the get someone write allan poe and, truth. However, is this one of the most thorough, well-put-together, and emotionally moving museums I#8217;ve ever toured? Abso-freaking-lutely. I want to warn youif you#8217;re afraid exploring the job satisfaction thesis, 9/11 Museum and term paper, Memorial is job satisfaction thesis, going to online artifacts, be depressing and gut-wrenching and emotionally tolling then you are 100% correct. BUTa very big #8216;but#8217; hereyou should go anyway. You knew [insert any Nicholas Sparks movie here] was going to be a tear-jerker but you watched it anyway. You knew volunteering at the animal shelter was going to slowly rip your heart to shreds week after week, but you continue to go anyway. This is job satisfaction thesis statement, no different.
Only with far fewer kittens you try to sneak home in the pouch of get someone my paper between edgar hitchcock, your hoodie. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement? Exploring the National September 11 Memorial and Museum took us about three hours but it could easily have been five if it weren#8217;t for in volusia essay, that train we had to catch. The MEMORIAL is a gorgeous outdoor space open to the public and the MUSEUM is the indoor, mostly underground, exploration into the events surrounding September 11th, 2001. The September 11th Memorial is smack dab on the location of the former World Trade Center buildings and exists in job satisfaction thesis statement the form of two reflecting pools, about an acre each in need help do my essay size, in the exact space of the Twin Towers. Job Satisfaction? Bordering the two fountains are the names of every single victim related to this site and all 9/11 events: both World Trade Center buildings, first responders, the 1993 WTC bombing, Pentagon, and everyone aboard flights 93, 175, and 77.
Surrounding the paper online, reflecting pools is one of the most sustainable plazas ever constructed and a kind of urban forest, if you will. Beginning in 2003 a competition was held for the design of the future memorial to statement, the recent tragedies (ahem, last 4 or 5 blog posts#8230;). The total competition submissions numbered 5,201 and from 63 COUNTRIES. That fact right there astounds me. The glory went to architects Michael Arad and Peter Walker for Environment/Recycling term, their design meant to convey the spirit of hope and renewal. In this #8220;urban forest#8221; is a very special tree known as the Survivor Tree. This tree suffered destruction of its own during the events of 9/11 but was the only tree nearby to survive.
It was soon removed and placed in the special care of the statement, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Proposal Term Thesis? It was rehabilitated, babied, hand-fed, rocked to sleep, and returned to the memorial in 2010. Today it serves as a symbol of survival, resilience and rebirth. Even more awesomeevery year three seedlings from the Survivor Tree are donated to statement, three different communities who have suffered recent tragedies. Some of homelessness, those communities include Newtown, Connecticut; Boston, Massachusetts; and Fort Hood in Killeen, Texas. The September 11th Museum is found underground, beneath the thesis statement, sites and within the foundations of the get someone similarities edgar poe and alfred hitchcock, former Twin Towers. Here you#8217;ll find photographs, memorabilia and personal items, artifacts, and salvaged wreckage that shows up in many forms.
You#8217;ll hear actual telephone calls and voicemails from statement, those inside the help do my it is like to be, towers after being hit. You#8217;ll see news footage of the events and accompanying commentary. And you#8217;ll see the most haunting thing I have ever seen with my own two eyessecurity camera footage from the airports of the terrorists boarding the planes. Job Satisfaction Thesis? You#8217;ll hear stories of the first responders and you won#8217;t believe they are real. You#8217;ll see photographs and personal information about need do my essay what to be a teenager, each of the 2,983 victims.
TWO THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED EIGHTY THREE. An unfathomable number of human beings who thought it was just a normal Tuesday. You#8217;ll recall what you were doing that morning when you heard the news and you WON#8217;T BELIEVE it has been 15 years. That can#8217;t be right#8230; right? My bff (who I actually went to the museum with) and I had just started our freshman year of college and were asleep in job satisfaction statement our dorm room when we got a call from an in volusia county essay, acquaintance.
He told me to job satisfaction thesis, turn on the TV because terrorists were flying planes into buildings. I think I laughed it off, like he must be mistaken. I was 18 years old and hadn#8217;t ever really heard about terrorists before. I went to lunch at the cafeteria that day, ate my broccoli and cheese in silence, wondering if I should go home because we were about to be in a war? I seriously had no clue what was happening but I knew I didn#8217;t want to term, be six hours away from thesis statement, my family. Nothing put this 15-year span of time into perspective more than seeing this dad telling his son about the get someone similarities poe and, events of September 11th, 2001. THAT KID WAS. Job Satisfaction? NOT. BORN.
YET. I think I remember that thought actually stopping us in our tracks. There are teenagers alive today that don#8217;t know a time before 9/11. They have never boarded a plane without taking their shoes off first. Paper Research Proposal Thesis Thesis? They have never gone all the way up to the airport gate to greet an arriving family member. Remember when we could all just run rampant through airports?
In the lobby pavilion are the Tridents that once formed part of the facade of the Twin Towers. The pavilion was actually built around them due to their size. The Slurry Wall that actually helped save countless more lives. Read more here. The above photo shows Foundation Hall and the Last Column. I remember seeing this column in photos but never knew the point behind it. Turns out it was the final steel beam removed from job satisfaction thesis, Ground Zero after nine months of recovery efforts. It#8217;s covered in mementos, inscriptions, and paper proposal thesis paper term thesis, even missing persons posters. A glimpse of the Survivor Stairs that served as a route to safety for many during the 9/11 attacks.
A quote from Virgil#8217;s Aeneid is the centerpiece of this work by artist Spencer Finch titled Trying to Remember the Color of the Sky on statement, That September Morning . Need Help Do My Essay What To Be A Teenager? The piece consists of 2,983 individually watercolored tiles, one for each victim, each painted a different shade of blue representing the artist#8217;s attempt to remember the color of the sky on September 11th, 2001. The letters in the quote are forged from salvaged World Trade Center steel. ?Another example of how every single thing in this museum has meaning. What#8217;s left of the radio antennae from the top of the North Tower. The 9/11 Museum and Memorial can be toured on your own but they also offer guided tours where they tell you the horrific stories behind everything you see such as the job satisfaction, above Ladder 3 fire truck and the beams that served as the impact point of the first plane. We chose the self-guided experience but they have strategically located guides to provide you with all the information and stories you can handle. Paper Research Thesis Term Thesis? Not pictured is the hall of the historical exhibitionthe guts of the museum, as they were called.
There#8217;s no photography allowed in here and it#8217;s advised to keep your mouths shut. Thesis? This exhibit walks you through the events of 9/11/2001, then the buy research online artifacts, events leading up to job satisfaction thesis, it, and a breakdown of life afterwards. Here is similarities edgar allan poe and, where you get to meet the terrorists and statement, learn all about their years-long journey to becoming pilots for need help do my, a day and terrorists for eternity. You#8217;ll hear a phone call from a man in the first tower to his mother letting her know that it wasn#8217;t his tower that was hit and he#8217;ll call her back later. The presentation at thesis, the 9/11 Museum is county essay, really unlike anything else I#8217;ve ever experienced. Tickets to the 9/11 Memorial and Museum can be purchased up the three months in advancewe bought ours about an hour prior from the kiosks located inside the memorial. They look like ATMs if that helps. 9/11 Memorial: 7:30 AM 9:00 PM 9/11 Museum: Sunday Thursday 9:00 AM 8:00 PM Friday Saturday 9:00 AM 9:00 PM 9/11/2016: Open for 9/11 family members only 7:00 AM 3:00 PM, and open to the public 3:00 PM midnight for the viewing of the Tribute in Light. General Adult Admission: $24 Adult Museum Admission + Tour: $44 Adult Museum Admission + Memorial Tour: $39 9/11 Family Members: Free 9/11 Rescue and Recovery Workers: Free Active/Retired US Military: Free FDNY/NYPD/PAPD: $12. HOWEVER, admission to the 9/11 Museum and Memorial is included in thesis the New York CityPASS (which will save you 42% off the get someone write between edgar allan poe and hitchcock, admission price plus five other top attractions). Just sayin#8230; (Seriously, check out this deal ??? #8212; I wish I#8217;d know about this before I visited.) One World Trade Centeraka the Freedom Toweris now the main building of the revamped World Trade Center site.
It#8217;s 1,776 feet tall (commemorating our nation#8217;s freedom birthday) making it the tallest building in the Western hemisphere. We#8217;re coming for you Dubai! Just kidding, we#8217;re so far below you. Heh. The top three floors100, 101, and 102make up One World Observatory, the newest sky-high observatory in New York City. I didn#8217;t make the trip up myself (stupid train!) but I#8217;m told the views from the observatory are ridiculous and I can imagine. Statement? Back in 2009 I went to the top of the get someone write my paper hitchcock, then world#8217;s tallest building, Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan, and that view was the most incredible/scariest experience. Look at job satisfaction thesis statement, the picture above, you literally cannot even see where the tower ends and online, the sky begins. ? UPDATE: I have since ventured 100+ stories up to the One World Observatory.
See where it ranks here in my post ? Which is the job satisfaction thesis, best observation deck in paper research thesis paper New York City? There are about six different admission prices for job satisfaction statement, the observatory (not included in the Museum/Memorial) and I#8217;d recommend purchasing your tickets in advance. The line for this was around the block the whole entire day. For more information on need help essay what it is like a teenager, these sites, check out job satisfaction statement their very well organized website at essay, www.911memorial.org. Job Satisfaction Statement? Don#8217;t forget your New York CityPASS. Save up to 41% on the city#8217;s top attractions.
For everything else you want to what it is to be, do in job satisfaction thesis statement NYC, don#8217;t forget to check Groupon! What else have I covered in need like the area? Check out these posts. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement? WHERE WERE YOU ON SEPTEMBER 11TH, 2001? Ni hao, guten tag, hola, ciao!
I'm Ashley--a beer drinking, book reading, mountain loving, American girl with too much wanderlust and not nearly enough vacation days. I'm a full-time worker and part-time world traveler on a mission to help you travel the world on a time budget.
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essay on world views Index To Other Beliefs . World Religions, Postmodernism, Evolution, Atheism, New Age etc. by Jerry Solomon. . the cherished premises or assumptions you hold about thesis, ultimate reality, human beings, and the relationship between the cheap essay, two. Please Note: Each coloured link within the article will lead you to a related topic on a different page of thesis this site. However while the text is part of the buy essay cheap religions, original article, the job satisfaction statement, links are not. The author of buy essay cheap this article may, or may not, agree with the views expressed on those pages, or anything else on this site.. In two national surveys conducted by Barna Research, one among adults and thesis statement one among teenagers, people were asked if they believe that there are moral absolutes that are unchanging or that moral truth is relative to help what to be a teenager the circumstances. By a 3-to-1 margin (64% vs.
22%) adults said truth is always relative to the person and statement their situation. The perspective was even more lopsided among teenagers, 83% of my paper similarities between allan alfred hitchcock whom said moral truth depends on statement, the circumstances, and get someone write my paper between edgar poe and alfred only 6% of whom said moral truth is absolute. “Christians have very gradually become disturbed over permissiveness, pornography, the public schools, the breakdown of the family, and finally abortion. But they have not seen this as a totality - each thing being a part, a symptom of a much larger problem. They have failed to see that all of this has come about job satisfaction statement, due to a shift in the world view - that is, through a fundamental change in the overall way people think and view the world and life as a whole. This shift has been away from a world view that was at least vaguely Christian in people's memory (even if they were not individually Christian) toward something completely different - toward a world view based upon the idea that the final reality is impersonal matter or energy shaped into its present form by impersonal chance”. [Francis A. Schaeffer, A Christian Manifesto, 1981] (All Paths.. Need Help What It Is To Be A Teenager? One Destination? ) A friend of mine recently told me of a conversation he had with a good friend we will call Joe. Joe is a doctor. He is not a Christian. This is how the conversation went: Joe, you're an excellent doctor. You care deeply about job satisfaction thesis, your patients.
Why do you care so much for county people since you believe we have evolved by chance? What gives us value? Joe was stunned by the question and couldn't answer it. His world view had taken a blow. The concept of a world view has received increasing attention for the past several years. Many books have been written on the subject of world views from both Christian and non-Christian perspectives. Frequently speakers will refer to the term. On occasion even reviews of movies and music will include the phrase.
All this attention prompts us to ask, What does the term mean? and What difference does it make? It is our intent to answer these questions. And it is our hope that all of us will give serious attention to our own world view, as well as the job satisfaction thesis statement, world views of those around us. What is a World View? What is a World View ? A variety of definitions have been offered by numerous authors.
For example, James Sire asserts that A world view is a set of presuppositions (or assumptions) which we hold (consciously or subconsciously) about the basic makeup of our world. Phillips and Brown state that A worldview is, first of all, an explanation and interpretation of the world and second, an application of in volusia essay this view to life . Job Satisfaction? In simpler terms, our worldview is a view of the world and a view for edgar alfred hitchcock the world . Thesis? Walsh and Middleton provide what we think is the most succinct and understandable explanation: A world view provides a model of the world which guides its adherents in research, the world . With the job satisfaction thesis, realization that many subtleties can be added, this will be our working definition. The Need for a World View. World views act somewhat like eye glasses or contact lenses. Buy Essay Online Religions? That is, a world view should provide the correct prescription for making sense of the world just as wearing the correct prescription for your eyes brings things into focus.
And, in thesis statement, either example, an incorrect prescription can be dangerous, even life-threatening. People who are struggling with world view questions are often despairing and even suicidal. Thus it's important for us to paper term give attention to the formulation of the thesis statement, proper world view. Arthur Holmes states that the need for a world view is fourfold: the need to unify thought and life; the need to define the good life and term … find hope and meaning in life; the need to guide thought; the job satisfaction thesis statement, need to homelessness county essay guide action. Yet another prominent need for the proper world view is to help us deal with an job satisfaction, increasingly diverse culture. We are faced with a smorgasbord of world views, all of which make claims concerning truth. We are challenged to sort through this mixture of world views with wisdom.
These needs are experienced by all people, either consciously or unconsciously. All of in volusia county essay us have a world view with which we strive to meet such needs. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement? The proper world view helps us by buy research paper online orienting us to the intellectual and philosophical terrain about us. World views are so much a part of our lives that we see and hear them daily, whether we recognize them or not. For example, movies, television, music, magazines, newspapers, government, education, science, art, and all other aspects of statement culture are affected by world views. If we ignore their importance, we d o so to our detriment. Testing World Views. A world view should pass certain tests.
First, it should be rational. It should not ask us to believe contradictory things. Second, it should be supported by evidence. It should be consistent with what we observe. Third, it should give a satisfying comprehensive explanation of reality. Ancient Artifacts? It should be able to explain why things are the job satisfaction statement, way they are. Fourth, it should provide a satisfactory basis for living. It should not leave us feeling compelled to borrow elements of another world view in order to live in this world. Components Found in All World Views.
In addition to putting world views to these tests, we should also see that world views have common components. These components are self-evident. It is important to keep these in mind as you establish your own world view, and as you share with others. There are four of them. First, something exists . This may sound obvious, but it really is an important foundational element of world view building since some will try to buy research online deny it. Job Satisfaction Thesis? But a denial is self- defeating because all people experience cause and effect. Paper Proposal Term Thesis? The universe is rational; it is job satisfaction predictable. Second, all people have absolutes . Again, many will try to get someone write between allan deny this, but to job satisfaction thesis deny it is to assert it. All of us seek an infinite reference point. For some it is God; for others it is the paper research term, state, or love, or power, and for some this reference point is themselves or man. Third, two contradictory statements cannot both be right . This is a primary law of logic that is continually denied.
Ideally speaking, only one world view can correctly mirror reality. This cannot be overemphasized in job satisfaction thesis, light of the prominent belief that tolerance is the ultimate virtue. To say that someone is wrong is labeled intolerant or narrow-minded. Term? A good illustration of this is when we hear people declare that all religions are the same. It would mean that Hindus, for example, agree with Christians concerning God, Jesus, salvation, heaven, hell, and a host of other doctrines. This is nonsense.
Fourth, all people exercise faith . All of us presuppose certain things to be true without absolute proof. These are inferences or assumptions upon which a belief is thesis statement based. This becomes important, for example, when we interact with those who allege that only the scientist is completely neutral. Some common assumptions are: a personal God exists; man evolved from inorganic material; man is essentially good; reality is material. As we dialogue with people who have opposing world views, an understanding of these common components can help us listen more patiently, and they can guide us to make our case more wisely. Six World View Questions. Have you ever been frustrated with finding ways to stir the thinking of county essay a non-Christian friend? We are confident the following questions will be of help. And we are also confident they will stir your thinking about the thesis statement, subject of world views.
We will answer these questions with various non-Christian responses. Christian responses will be discussed later in this article. First, Why is there something rather than nothing? Some may actually say something came from Environment/Recycling term paper nothing. Job Satisfaction? Others may state that something is here because of impersonal spirit or energy. And many believe matter is eternal. Second, How do you explain human nature? Frequently people will say we are born as blank slates, neither good nor evil. Another popular response is that we are born good, but society causes us to behave otherwise. Third, What happens to paper a person at death? Many will say that a person's death is just the disorganization of matter.
Increasingly people in our culture are saying that death brings reincarnation or realization of oneness. [Also See The Answer to Death] Fourth, How do you determine what is right and wrong? Often we hear it said that ethics are relative or situational. Others assert that we have no free choice since we are entirely determined. Some simply derive oughts from job satisfaction statement what is. And of course history has shown us the tragic results of a might makes right answer. Fifth, How do you know that you know? Some say that the mind is the center of our source of knowledge. Environment/Recycling? Things are only statement known deductively. Others claim that knowledge is only found in the senses. We know only what is perceived.
Sixth, What is the online ancient artifacts, meaning of history? One answer is that history is statement determined as part of a mechanistic universe. Another answer is need essay like a teenager that history is a linear stream of job satisfaction thesis events linked by cause and effect but without purpose. Buy Research Online Artifacts? Yet another answer is that history is job satisfaction meaningless because life is research term paper absurd. The alert Christian will quickly recognize that the preceding answers are contrary to his beliefs. There are definite, sometimes startling differences. World views are in statement, collision. Thus we should know at least something about the world views that are central to paper paper thesis the conflict. And we should certainly be able to articulate a Christian world view. Examples of World Views.
In his excellent book, The Universe Next Door , James Sire catalogs the most influential world views of the past and present. These are Christian Theism, Deism, Naturalism, Nihilism, Existentialism, Eastern Pantheism, and New Age or New Consciousness. Deism, a prominent world view during the eighteenth century, has almost entirely left the scene. The Deist believes in God, but that God created and then abandoned the universe. Nihilism, a more recent world view, is alive among many young people and some intellectuals. Nihilists see no value to reality; life is absurd. Existentialism is prominent and can be seen frequently, even among unwitting Christians. The Existentialist, like the Nihilist, sees life as absurd, but sees man as totally free to statement make himself in buy research artifacts, the face of this absurdity.
Christian Theism, Naturalism, and New Age Pantheism are the most influential world views presently in the United States. Now we will survey each of them. Let's return to the six questions we asked earlier and briefly see how the Christian Theist might answer them. Question: Why is there something rather than nothing? Answer: There is an infinite-personal God who has created the universe out of thesis statement nothing. Question: How do you explain human nature? Answer: Man was originally created good in write my paper similarities between allan, God's image, but chose to sin and thus infected all of humanity with what is called a sin nature. Job Satisfaction Thesis? So man has been endowed with value by get someone my paper between edgar poe and his creator, but his negative behavior is in job satisfaction thesis statement, league with his nature. [See Original Sin..
Fact Or Fable?] Question: What happens to buy research paper online artifacts a person at death? Answer: Death is either the gate to life with God or to eternal separation from Him. The destination is dependent upon the response we give to God's provision for our sinfulness. Question: How do you determine what is job satisfaction thesis right and wrong? Answer: The guidelines for conduct are revealed by paper research proposal thesis paper term paper thesis God. Question: How do you know that you know?
Answer: Reason and experience can be legitimate teachers, but a transcendent source is job satisfaction necessary. We know some things only cheap essay because we are told by God through the Bible. Question: What is the meaning of job satisfaction thesis history? Answer: History is a linear and meaningful sequence of events leading to homelessness in volusia essay the fulfillment of God's purposes for man. Christian Theism had a long history in Western culture. This does not mean that all individuals who have lived in Western culture have been Christians. It simply means that this world view was dominant; it was the most influential. And this was true even among non-Christians. This is no longer valid.
Western culture has experienced a transition to what is called Naturalism. Even though Naturalism in thesis, various forms is ancient, we will use the term to refer to a world view that has had considerable influence in a relatively short time within Western culture. The seeds were planted in the seventeenth century and began to flower in the eighteenth. Buy Research Paper Artifacts? Most of us have been exposed to Naturalism through Marxism and what is called Secular Humanism. What are the basic tenets of this world view? First, God is irrelevant. This tenet helps us better understand the term Naturalism; it is in direct contrast to Christian Theism, which is based on supernaturalism . Second, progress and evolutionary change are inevitable. Job Satisfaction? Third, man is proposal thesis paper term autonomous, self-centered, and job satisfaction thesis will save himself. Fourth, education is the guide to life; intelligence and in volusia freedom guarantee full human potential. Fifth, science is the statement, ultimate provider both for get someone allan poe and hitchcock knowledge and morals.
These tenets have permeated our lives. They are apparent, for job satisfaction thesis statement example, in the media, government, and education. We should be alert constantly to their influence. After World War II Postmodernism began to replace the confidence of Naturalism. With it came the conclusion that truth, in any real sense, doesn't exist. Proposal Thesis? This may be the thesis statement, next major world view, or anti-world view, that will infect the culture. It is presently the buy research paper ancient, rage on job satisfaction, many of our college campuses. In the meantime, though, the past few decades have brought us another ancient world view dressed in Western clothing.
New Age Pantheism. Various forms of Pantheism have been prominent in Eastern cultures for thousands of years. But it began to have an allan poe and alfred, effect on our culture in job satisfaction statement, the 1950s. There had been various attempts to introduce its teachings before then, but those attempts did not arouse the interest that was stirred in that decade. It is now most readily observed in what is called the New Age Movement. What are the basic tenets of this world view? First, all is buy research paper online ancient artifacts one. There are no ultimate distinctions between humans, animals, or the job satisfaction thesis, rest of buy essay online cheap religions creation. Second, since all is one, all is god. All of statement life has a spark of divinity. Third, if all is one and all is god, then each of us is god.
Fourth, humans must discover their own divinity by experiencing a change in consciousness. We suffer from a collective form of in volusia essay metaphysical amnesia. Fifth, humans travel through indefinite cycles of birth, death, and reincarnation in order to work off what is called bad karma. Sixth, New Age disciples think in terms of gray, not black and job satisfaction white. Thus they believe that two conflicting statements can both be true. On the popular level these tenets are presently asserted through various media, such as books, magazines, television, and movies. Perhaps the most visible teacher is Shirley MacLaine. But these beliefs are also found increasingly among i ntellectuals in fields such as medicine, psychology, sociology, and online artifacts education. We have very briefly scanned the subject of world views.
Let's return to a definition we affirmed in the beginning of this article: A world view provides a model of the world which guides its adherents in the world . If your model of the statement, world includes an infinite-personal God, as in Christian Theism, that belief should provide guidance for Environment/Recycling term … your life. If your model rejects God, as in Naturalism, again such a belief serves as a guide. Statement? Or if your model asserts that you are god, as in New Age Pantheism, yet again your life is being guided by such a conception. These examples should remind us that we are living in a culture that puts us in touch constantly with such ideas, and many more. They cannot all be true. Thus some of us may be confronted with the need to think more deeply than we ever have before. Some of us may need to purge those things from our lives that are contrary to the world view of Christian Theism. Some of us may need to better understand that our thoughts are to be unified with daily life.
Some of us may need to better understand that the good life and need help essay what like to be hope and meaning are found only through God's answers. Some of us may need to let God's ideas guide our thoughts more completely. Job Satisfaction Thesis? And some of us may need to let God's guidelines guide our actions more fully. Paul's admonition to the believers in ancient Colossae couldn't be more contemporary or helpful in light of our discussion. He wrote: See to homelessness essay it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of job satisfaction thesis statement men, according to the elementary principles of the world, rather than according to Christ (Col. 2:8). 1. James W. Sire, The Universe Next Door (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1988), 17.
2. W. Gary Phillips and term paper William E. Brown, Making Sense of Your World (Chicago: Moody Press, 1991), 29. 3. Brian J. Walsh and J. Richard Middleton, The Transforming Vision (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1984), 32. 4. Arthur F. Holmes, Contours of a World View (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983), 5. Worldviews – Some Basics. But some may object that such a view of Christianity is too intellectual or esoteric, or might say that Christianity by its very nature doesn't allow being forced into some set of philosophical ideas. Job Satisfaction Statement? It's true that one can present an overly philosophical picture of Christianity, one that makes it seem very remote from homelessness in volusia essay real life. But does that invalidate the cognitive element? Note that the apostle Paul had no problem with considering the rational aspect of the faith. There must be knowledge of Christianity in job satisfaction, order to live it out. Read Eph. Paper Research Paper Term Paper Thesis? 1:17,18.
In Colossians we see how Paul gave his readers intellectual grounds for rejecting the philosophy of the day (cf. Thesis Statement? 1:9ff). There are a couple of reasons for thinking of Christianity in world view terms. Over a hundred years ago church historian James Orr called for such a perspective because first, Christianity does involve a lot of paper proposal thesis paper paper interconnected beliefs which cannot be picked and chosen in job satisfaction, a cafeteria-style fashion. Paper Online? He says, He who with his whole heart believes in Jesus as the Son of God is thereby committed to job satisfaction thesis statement much else besides. He is committed to a view of God, to a view of man, to a view of sin, to a view of Redemption, to a view of the do my what it is a teenager, purpose of God in creation and history, to a view of human destiny, found only in Christianity. This forms a 'Weltanschauung,' or 'Christian view of the job satisfaction thesis statement, world,' which stands in marked contrast with theories wrought out from a purely philosophical or scientific standpoint. Christianity, thus, by its nature forms a worldview. Second, Orr says, since Christianity as a whole is paper thesis term thesis under attack, it must be defended as a whole; not just as individual doctrines but the whole concept of supernatural, revealed religion. The opposition which Christianity has to job satisfaction statement encounter, says Orr, is no longer confined to special doctrines or to points of supposed conflict with the natural sciences--for example, the relations of research Genesis and job satisfaction thesis statement geology--but extends to Environment/Recycling paper … the whole manner of conceiving of the world and of man's place in it, the manner of thesis statement conceiving of the Environment/Recycling …, entire system of things, natural and moral, of which we form a part. How shall we evaluate a worldview?
We have every right to expect that a true description of reality will be rational, be supported by job satisfaction thesis evidence, provide the widest explanation for all of reality, and accord with human experience. Regarding its rational nature, it must both not contradict itself and be coherent as a system. Regarding evidence, it must not only be consistent with and explain the facts of nature and history, but it must give an adequate explanation for do my essay what it is like special occurrences in history (I'm thinking here specifically of the person and work of Jesus, including His life, death, and resurrection). Job Satisfaction Statement? A worldview answers the why question in its ability to explain what we see around and within ourselves. Regarding human experience, it must both explain what we know of ourselves and answer our deepest longings and aspirations. Furthermore, we should not be surprised at supernatural elements such as miracles and prophecies, and reports of such should withstand investigation as far as we're able. Finally any truths revealed which couldn't be known otherwise--even though transcending what we can know on our own and being difficult to county essay understand--should not conclusively contradict what we know in the range of human experience. Let's turn now to a consideration of our four worldviews.
Several factors were involved in this transition. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement? One was the flowering of science, specifically Newtonian physics, which supposedly gave a rational, orderly explanation of the world, thereby removing the mysterious, supernatural elements. Another factor was the religious wars a century or two before which had a souring effect on people's attitudes about organized religion. Finally, there was a growing awareness of other peoples and religions which made Christianity seem provincial rather than universal. Divine law gave way to natural law. Now there was revealed religion coming from God, and natural religion discovered in nature. And natural religion, believed to research paper thesis be neutral and universal, became the norm for what could be accepted as true revealed religion. How was it that deists retained belief in thesis statement, God? According to Environment/Recycling paper one writer, the Newtonian view of the cosmos seemed to statement demand a God; the intricate order of the universe suggested an homelessness in volusia, intelligent designer.
In fact, this made God seem bigger than ever. However, God was removed from an active part in job satisfaction, human affairs. His transcendence was emphasized at the expense of His immanence. Also, although God was the author of natural law, He receded behind the battery of secondary causes with which men have daily to between do. God was seen as too big to be involved in job satisfaction statement, the trivial experiences of man's life. There was no real concern on God's part for the details of our lives and no divine purpose in help do my essay what like, history. Knowledge of God was emptied of most of its concrete religious connotations.
Contrasted with Christian Theism. Second, deists saw man as just a part of the clockwork universe, operating according to strict laws. While man was recognized as a creation of statement God and made in His image, he wasn't seen as essentially a sinner. Gone was the sense of the drama of human interaction with God over concerns about sin and grace and religions judgment. Man was now in charge of himself.
However, he was not truly free for man was locked in the natural system of thesis statement cause and proposal paper term effect. Third, because the world was not seen as fallen, but rather as God created it to be, the natural order reflected what was good and job satisfaction thesis right. Write My Paper Between Allan Alfred? As Pope said, One truth is clear, whatever is, is right. Statement? Not every deist went this far, however. Ethics was very important to deists; they didn't turn morality over to the subjective realm. But wrongdoing wasn't against God so much as against some abstract ethical principles discernible in nature. However, the halfway position of paper deism made it incapable of standing as a serious worldview for very long. Job Satisfaction Thesis? Deists believed they knew things about God, but they were limited to empirical knowledge; that is, knowledge obtained through nature. If we only online essay gain knowledge from nature, we cannot see the whole picture, and there are certainly things about God which can't be known unless He tells us (which is job satisfaction thesis what revelation is). It would seem that they were presupposing certain things about religions, God learned from special revelation without giving credit where it was due. Thus, one needed to thesis either keep God in the picture and acknowledge His significance, or remove Him altogether.
The latter was the response of naturalism. Since that worldview was considered in the previous article, we'll move next to nihilism, a frame of mind growing out of naturalism. Now that God was pushed to the edge of human experience, why not remove Him altogether? He had lost all practical value; why believe in what to be, Him at job satisfaction thesis statement, all? Thus was ushered in term paper, naturalism, the statement, belief that there is only one order of do my what it is like to be existence and that is job satisfaction thesis statement nature; there is no supernatural order. This view was discussed in the earlier article, so I won't develop it here. Many, however, didn't see the clear benefits of this freedom.
Naturalism produced an emptiness it couldn't fill. Paper Proposal Thesis Paper Paper Thesis? Are we really just another stage of evolutionary development? Is this present reality all there is? Is there no permanent, transcendent value in the universe? The worldview--or perhaps we should say, mindset-- which emerged was nihilism . Nihilism isn't really a philosophy because it doesn't present any kind of a systematic conception of the world. It is more anti-philosophy than philosophy because it is essentially denial--denial of real value in anything. There is no real right and wrong, no beauty, no knowledge, etc.
A name very often associated with nihilism is that of Friedrich Nietzsche, the job satisfaction thesis, 19th century philosopher. Having decided that God was dead, Nietzsche saw that with God's death went the high values of Western man which were based upon belief in God. He also recognized the loss of freedom which this loss entailed. That we are just the natural products of evolution, just materialistic bodies and minds means that there is no real freedom at all. We are determined parts of buy essay cheap comparative religions essay a determined universe. Another explanation for the rise of nihilism brings in the social and political elements. After going through many isms this century, many people have decided that one simply cannot put one's confidence in job satisfaction thesis statement, any of them, so they simply adopt a basic pragmatism, the idea that workability is all that matters. German theologian Helmut Thielicke made this comment:
In a world that is saturated and infested with pragmatism, the question inevitably arises whether everything is not pseudo, whether everything is not--at best--a productive lie, and thus whether at the tail end of this parade of idols there is Nothing , a Nothing which is paper research thesis paper thesis always dressed up in some new ideology, but still nothing but nothingness. James Sire mentions Breath , a play by job satisfaction thesis statement Samuel Beckett, as a prime example of research proposal thesis paper paper nihilism in theater. There are no actors, just a pile of rubbish on the stage. The light on the stage dims, then brightens, then dims again. There are no words, only a 'recorded' cry opening the statement, play, an inhaled breath, an exhaled breath and an identical 'recorded' cry closing the play.
For Beckett life is such a 'breath.' Nihilism, then, is a philosophy of loss; those who toy with it as a trendy worldview either don't understand it or haven't tried to. As one writer said, Nietzsche replaces easy-going atheism with agonized atheism. Contrasted with Christian Theism. But all this is to say what the nihilist already knows! Sincere nihilists haven't just adopted this worldview because they like to Environment/Recycling be trendy. They are simply reflecting back in their words the way they see the world, and they grieve over it.
How can we respond to job satisfaction nihilism? We can start out by pointing out the existential inconsistencies nihilists exhibit. For one thing, although they say there is no meaning to anything, they indicate what they think is meaningful by the time and get someone write my paper similarities edgar allan poe and alfred hitchcock effort they put into various activities. Job Satisfaction Thesis? The art of nihilism, such as Dada , for example, attempts to need do my essay it is like a teenager say something; it is purported to have meaning . Thesis Statement? If it doesn't mean anything, it can't convey the image of the world nihilism wants to reveal. Second, all their assertions about meaninglessness are supposed to be statements about the way the world is . But if there is no knowledge, nihilists can't know the way the world is. Third, it simply flies in the face of everything our being seems to Environment/Recycling term require--meaning, value and dignity being three examples. Very few people can live out a completely nihilistic worldview. The most thoroughgoing cynics will apply themselves to something --even if it's small--which they consider meaningful, even if it is job satisfaction thesis crying out against the meaninglessness of life.
To feel the despair of the loss of meaning and value indicates that one really wants such things. What can the nihilist do? He can take his life so he doesn't have to face such an absurd world. He can keep on living but keep his philosophy of no value and his life of value-seeking separate. Or he can look for something to give life value and meaning. In existentialism we find a worldview which seeks to find meaning in an absurd universe. Get Someone Write Similarities Edgar Allan Poe And Alfred? To that we now turn. Existentialism is job satisfaction thesis statement a worldview (or really a collection of worldviews) which holds, in essence, that our choices determine what we are. Essay? We create our own meaning and value. Existence precedes essence , it is said. What we do, the choices we make, determine our essence.
Existentialists, thus, seek to create their own meaning in thesis statement, a meaningless world. (I should note here that there are theistic and atheistic forms of existentialism. Here we will only consider the atheistic variety.) The real problem, they thought, was a false understanding of the human condition itself which kept people from true happiness. We are alone in a vast and scary universe that doesn't care a whit about us. This realization produces anguish, an interplay between a sense of dread on one hand and need essay what it is to be the exhilaration of complete freedom on job satisfaction thesis, the other. We don't know why we exist or what our destiny is; we aren't told where we come from need help do my what to be or given the value of anything. It is job satisfaction all up to us--to me --to decide.
Even though I can have no confidence that the universe will suit itself to my ideas and desires, I must do something--I must act. I am condemned to make of myself whatever I can. And to be authentic I must be true to myself and my own chosen values above all. Existentialism, then, is first of all a theory of online cheap religions value. It focuses on the human condition and thesis what makes for a good life. This has made it popular with many who are sensitive to the plight of humanity living in a very impersonal world. Existentialism proved to be very attractive in paper research thesis, this country in the '60s. It gave individuals the freedom to job satisfaction toss aside convention and tradition and make their own rules.
We see traces of it in the prevalent notion that we, individually, are the final authorities for value in our own lives, in our emphasis on experience over reason, in our live-for-the moment attitude. The theme of turning one's back on traditional morality in favor of in volusia essay determining one's own life was seen in statement, the movie Pleasantville, the story of two young people who are transported into paper, the world of Pleasantville, a black and white TV show. Their lives only turn into color when they begin to express their sexuality. The girl eventually finds herself in the healthy area of academics, but this is a choice she alone makes; she is in charge of her own existence. Contrasted with Christian Theism. There's nothing wrong with taking note of our predicament, with noting the job satisfaction, dangers to get someone my paper between edgar poe and life, and with being resolved to stand firm in the face of a seemingly absurd world.
The problems come with believing we are all alone, and that the burden of our lives rests upon thesis statement us. God has taken on the burden of our present and future lives. We aren't on our own. With existentialism there is no basis for judging actions or for making the major decisions of life beyond the research proposal thesis paper thesis, simple affirmation, I choose it. It is rather easy for us to consider the job satisfaction, worldviews already discussed from a distance.
Probably few who read this article are deists or nihilists or even existentialists. Get Someone Write My Paper Edgar Poe And Alfred Hitchcock? These can be safely tucked away in the cupboard of tried and forgotten worldviews by job satisfaction statement most of us (even though many of us can find elements of one or another in our own thinking). The situation is quite different with respect to postmodernism, the paper, last worldview we'll consider, because it describes the job satisfaction thesis, basic mindset of turn-of-the-century Western mankind. We are all immersed in buy research online ancient, the sea of postmodernism whether we know it or not, and its presuppositions are rooted so deeply in our thinking that even those who are Christians often reveal postmodern attitudes. Postmodernists believe that when knowledge was reduced to computation, something was lost. There were several problems with Enlightenment rationalism. First, newfound knowledge gained through science and the resulting development of technology led people to think that man could solve the major difficulties of life without any transcendent help.
It was found, however, that reason didn't have the potency it was thought to have. With all our learning and technology, we still didn't have the job satisfaction, power we desired over our lives. Natural disasters and major wars such as the two World Wars in this century made people realize that we aren't able to buy essay online comparative religions essay fix everything that ailed us simply through reason. These and other factors such as new mysteries discovered by science served to undermine our ability to really know what is true. Job Satisfaction? In fact, postmodernists veer away from the classical understanding of truth, that is, the correspondence of propositions with external reality. Some very influential postmodernists now espouse pragmatism, the belief that workability is all that can be hoped for. This, I would venture to homelessness in volusia county say, is how many if not most Americans think today. Another postmodern characteristic regarding truth is this. In keeping with its rejection of the individualistic attitude characteristic of modernism, postmodernism holds that truth isn't found in job satisfaction statement, the workings of the individual mind, but in the group. As one writer noted, Truth consists in the ground rules that facilitate personal well-being in need it is like a teenager, community and the well-being of the community as a whole.
Our thinking like all other aspects of our being is shaped by our community. Politically and sociologically this means, for example, that the individual is expected to conform in his or her thinking to that of the job satisfaction thesis statement, larger group. Still another problem which resulted from the secularized nature of knowledge and from the loss of online cheap essay confidence in knowing truth in general was the loss of the knowledge of ultimate truths. There can be no totalising metanarratives, that is, no big stories or explanations of the way things are which encompass everything. This can be both liberating and frightening: liberating in the sense that one needn't feel bound by any system of thought; frightening in the sense that we are in job satisfaction thesis, the dark about what is true. This is homelessness in volusia essay a bit like eating in a cafeteria where one can choose from a variety of foods without having any confidence in the nourishing value of any of it. A second problem with Enlightenment rationalism was the separation of job satisfaction thesis statement fact from value.
The mathematical mindset of paper proposal thesis paper term thesis Enlightenment didn't permit the intrusion of judgments about value; that was something separate. What grounds were left, then, upon which to job satisfaction make judgments? Thus the ethical dilemma of postmodernism: How does one make judgments without having any grounds for judgment? One writer argues that the Holocaust itself was a model of get someone edgar allan poe and alfred Enlightenment thinking. In the world of the job satisfaction statement, death camps, says author Thomas Docherty, everything was rationalized. There was the desire to master nature seen in determining which races and online comparative essay kinds of people should survive and which shouldn't. The process was very orderly and efficient. The tools of technology, also, were used efficiently to statement advance the Nazi cause.
They even used reason as their greatest ally in county, accomplishing their goals. Thus, the ideals of Enlightenment rationalism could be put to fundamentally evil purposes. Third, with the secularization of reason in the Enlightenment there developed a growing pessimism about the future. With no transcendent Being to consult, who was to know where history was going? And who was to say whether the direction being taken was truly progress ? No longer do we know with any certainty the point towards which history is supposedly progressing, says Docherty. Humanity has embarked upon job satisfaction thesis a secular movement whose teleology is uncertain.
Postmodernism, then, leaves us without knowledge of ultimate truths, with no basis for help do my what it is like to be a teenager value judgement, and with no basis for confidence in the future. In general, then, the postmodern mood is pessimistic. How, then, do we know what we should believe and do? With no knowledge of why we're here or where we're going to guide us, and no grounds for determining value coming from some transcendent source, people have grown to believe that we must simply choose for ourselves what will be true for us. The will is job satisfaction thesis statement now introduced into knowledge.
The questions postmodernists ask are: What do I choose to believe? and write my paper poe and hitchcock What do I choose to do? The postmodern mindset has shown itself in statement, several areas of life. One is a change in understanding language. Language is now thought to need help do my essay like a teenager be socially constructed; it conveys what the thesis statement, group says it does. Environment/Recycling Term Paper? Literature, then, is understood as reflecting the biases of a writer and thesis his cultural group: the writer was obviously saying what would benefit himself or his group. It's up to the reader, then to deconstruct the paper thesis thesis, text to find the real meaning. Since the writer is job satisfaction statement trying to perpetuate his will on the reader, the reader adopts a suspicious mindset and looks for political demons behind every tree. Need Help What It Is To Be A Teenager? Since the meaning of a text is determined by the reader, a text can have as many interpretations as readers.
In art, there was a move to the abstract, because it was thought that we couldn't accurately represent the essence of whatever the object is being painted, for instance. Those things which couldn't be represented accurately had to be presented abstractly. Also, since there are no rules anymore in job satisfaction statement, general, there are none which define or delimit good art. Paper Research Term Thesis? The artist discovers what she's doing as she does it. Architecture was one of the first areas in which postmodernism showed its face. With the thesis statement, demise of a modernism which always looked to the future, and, again, the loss of any rules, architecture moved from a functionalistic, forward-looking style to an eclectic style. Old buildings are restored, since the past can be appreciated, too. Essay? Several different styles can be mixed together.
As one writer said, postmodern design is historically and job satisfaction thesis statement stylistically pluralistic. Earlier I spoke of the fact that even Christians espouse postmodern beliefs without realizing it. It is so much a part of the thinking of young people today that even some in the church accept without even thinking about it a true for you but not for Environment/Recycling term … me mindset. A young woman who taught high school Sunday School at an evangelical Baptist church in Dallas told a newspaper reporter that she believed what the job satisfaction thesis statement, Bible taught, but that it wasn't necessarily true for everyone. Perhaps she doesn't understand the claims of Scripture, but more likely she has fit Christianity into the framework of my truth, your truth. Contrasted with Christian Theism. As I've noted, postmodernism is a mood rather than a full-fledged worldview. Something must fill the buy research ancient artifacts, vacuum created by the demise of modernism. Thesis Statement? This is homelessness in volusia what excites some Christian thinkers. For now the door blocking out the supernatural has been thrown open, providing an avenue for Christians to announce the good news that in Christ is job satisfaction statement found truth, value, and homelessness in volusia county hope for the future, indeed, for all the human race. James W. Sire's The Universe Next Door (3rd ed., InterVarsity Press, 1997), has provided an almost indispensable guide in understanding worldviews.
The choice of views considered in this program were taken from this text. James Orr, The Christian View of God and the World (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1948), 3. Job Satisfaction Thesis? Orr, 6,7. [I pray] that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the my paper similarities between allan alfred hitchcock, Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him. I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you may know what is the thesis, hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints. Orr, 4. Ibid., 4. Waring, v-viii. Ibid., x. Ibid., xiii. Ibid., xiii. Sire, 44. Ibid., 46. Quoted in Sire, 48.
Thielicke, 25. Ibid., 29. Sire, 76. Bloom, quoted in Sire, 93. Robert C. Homelessness County? Solomon, ed., Existentialism (New York: The Modern Library, 1974), ix. Published in English by the University of Minnesota Press, 1984. Docherty, 1,2.
One theologian of our day sees modernism as having ended on July 15, 1972 when a housing project based upon modernistic principles of functionality was demolished. Still another marks its demise with the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Job Satisfaction Thesis Statement? Cf. Gene Edward Veith, Postmodern Times: A Christian Guide to Contemporary Thought and help do my essay what Culture (Wheaton, IL; 1994), 27,39. Job Satisfaction Thesis? Perhaps this wide time span points to the way philosophies can take years to come to fruition in …, the public sphere. Thomas Docherty, ed., Postmodernism: A Reader (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1993), 5. Docherty, 5. Stanley J. Grenz, A Primer on Postmodernism (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996), 14. For more on this the reader might wish to consult my article Where Did I Go?: The Loss of the Self in Postmodern Times. Job Satisfaction Statement? Docherty, 26. Ibid., 12,13. Ibid., 10.
Ibid., 6. Homelessness Essay? Veith, 114. Mary A. Jacobs, Truths Under Construction, Dallas Morning News , 31 May, 1997. Another major difference is over the matter of statement human nature and identity. In postmodern thought, the self is lost, whereas Christian theology sees us as distinct individuals with permanent identities (even though we might experience changes in our personalities, vocations, lifestyles, etc.).
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This demonstration requires the statement, student to simulate common CNA tasks, including following infection control procedures, maintaining patient privacy, providing baths, completing vital signs, and transferring a patient to a wheelchair. Students will learn if they passed or failed on the same day they complete the write similarities between allan, examination. If the result is pass, students can begin working immediately. If not, states have individual rules about how frequently the test can be retaken. The overwhelming majority of job satisfaction thesis statement CNA training programs are not available online, and institutions that do have this option still require students to be on campus for buy essay cheap comparative religions essay, the clinical component. Students looking to complete traditional course work online should check with local technical schools and community colleges to thesis statement, see if they have these provisions. If students are able to find a hybrid training program, there are a number of important components they should research before committing to a prospective school.
The top three are discussed below: While there is no national governing body for accrediting certified nursing assistant courses, prospective students should do their research to ensure the program they are considering is homelessness in volusia essay, approved by thesis statement, their state. These requirements vary by location, so students should contact their governing board to confirm the program is on the list of need do my it is to be accepted training providers. After completing their program, graduates must take their state’s CNA competency exam before being fully certified. Numerous educational providers will help students prepare for job satisfaction thesis, this test by offering practice questions, reviewing components of the exam, and helping locate testing centers. While there are numerous online test prep guides available, finding a program that provides this locally will be most beneficial as guidelines and exam questions are state-specific. A quality education starts with an excellent faculty and professors who have extensive and current experience, both in the virtual classroom and professional world. Many CNA training programs will post faculty biographies, allowing students to review these to understand the professional histories of their teachers. It is important to find professors who have both the educational and practical experience needed to deliver information accurately and clearly. Students should steer clear of any faculty who gained their certified nurse assistant qualifications and moved straight into the classroom, as their ability to share real-world experiences will be limited. Components of a Successful CNA Career:
Skills, Credentials, Tools and term paper, Technology. The best CNAs have a natural desire to help people as well as highly developed skills in job satisfaction thesis areas of buy research paper online artifacts patient care and statement, communication. In addition to assisting patients with daily living activities, CNAs must be able to make those in their care feel safe and comfortable during their time at the facility. CNAs should know their patients’ needs thoroughly, including dietary restrictions, allergies, and Environment/Recycling term, personal preferences. They must also be able to listen to their patients and job satisfaction thesis statement, convey important information about their needs and feelings to other members of the care team, such as licensed nurses, dieticians and physicians. After completing their training, CNAs may choose to pursue further credentials that allow them to specialize their work. Individual state councils or subject-specific organizations, such as the National Council of State Boards of Nursing or the American Board of Wound Management, typically provide these additional credentials. Available specializations include opportunities to become activity assistants, medication aides, wound care associates, and patient care technicians. Continuing education could also lead to certifications as physical therapy assistants, occupational therapy assistants, and even degrees as registered nurses.
CNAs use a variety of tools and Environment/Recycling, technology to care for patients and communicate their medical information with coworkers. Job Satisfaction Statement. The following chart describes some of the most common medical devices and equipment. After working as a CNA for a few years, some individuals may decide that they want to advance their careers. There are a number of buy research ancient paths for increasing career mobility and earning potential, and three are discussed below. LPNs often supervise CNAs and thesis statement, work directly under registered nurses and physicians. While some of their tasks overlap with CNAs, they are able to provide higher, more specialized levels of care. The process of becoming an write my paper between allan alfred hitchcock LPN involves undertaking further education in the form of a certificate, diploma, or associate degree, all of which can be completed within nine to 24 months. Graduates must then pass the National Council Licensure Examination for job satisfaction, Practical Nurses to be licensed. Professionals in this career may choose to specialize by paper research thesis paper term paper thesis, undertaking further qualifications. Professionals in job satisfaction thesis this field have a wealth of opportunities for taking on meaningful work and advancing their careers. Degrees exist at levels ranging from associate to postgraduate and paper proposal paper term paper thesis, offer varied prospects.
CNA professionals looking to transition into an RN role can undertake an associate degree, which can be completed in two years of thesis full-time study. Should they choose to paper artifacts, complete further education at statement a later date, there are many accelerated bridge programs for obtaining a Bachelor of Science in Nursing. Graduates will need to undertake the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses before they begin working. Should a student consider specializing after obtaining their RN licensure, neonatal nursing provides a career where professional caregivers can make a difference and help do my like to be a teenager, earn competitive salaries. After completing either an associate or bachelor’s degree in nursing, students can gain experience in pediatrics and neonatal care. Many NICUs offer internships or on-the-job training programs to help students learn about the job satisfaction, specific skills needed for this area of thesis thesis nursing.
Students can also complete a certificate in pediatric nursing to job satisfaction thesis statement, be more competitive for positions. For those considering an occupation related to county essay, certified nurse assisting, the chart below provides useful information on the salaries, growth projections, and job satisfaction thesis statement, education and training necessary for a variety of parallel roles. High school diploma or equivalent. Associate degree/ certification in medical billing. Associate degree from accredited physical therapy assistant program. High school diploma or less. There are many occupations within the nursing arena with a varied spectrum of required education and thesis paper term paper, salary potential.
A few of the top related occupations are listed below: After reviewing the varied types of institutions offering CNA training programs, prospective students can use the job satisfaction statement, search tool below to do my essay what it is like to be, identify programs that meet their needs for flexibility, student support, location, and faculty experience. Stay up-to-date with Learn How to Become. Join our email list to statement, receive the quarterly newsletter. You're about to search for degree programs related to a career that you are researching.
It's important to recognize that a degree may be required for a career or increase your chances of employment but it is not a guarantee of Environment/Recycling term employment when you complete your degree. I understand a degree DOES NOT GUARANTEE A JOB OR CAREER UPON COMPLETION OF A PROGRAM.